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      文件合并与整理:ARTHUR2002  (2004年02月22日)
      What I Have Lived For
      By Bertrand Russell
      Three passions, simple but 1)overwhelmingly strong, have governed my life: the longing for love, the search for knowledge, and 2)unbearable pity for the suffering of mankind. These passions, in a 3)wayward course, over a deep ocean of 4)anguish, reaching to the very 5)verge of despair.
      I have sought love, first, because it brings 6)ecstasy-ecstasy so great that I would often have 7)sacrificed all the rest of life for a few hours of this joy. I have sought it, next, because it relieves loneliness-that terrible loneliness in which one shivering consciousness looks over the rim of the world into the cold 8)unfathomable lifeless abyss. I have sought it, finally, because in the union of love I have seen, in a mystic 9)miniature, the 10)prefiguring vision of the heaven that 11)saints and poets have imagined. This is what I sought, and though it might seem too good for human life, this is what-at last-I have found.
      With equal passion I have sought knowledge. I have wished to understand the hearts of men. I have wished to know why the stars shine. And I have tried to 12)apprehend the 13)Pythagorean power by which number holds sway above the flux. A little of this, but not much, I have achieved.
      Love and knowledge, so far as they were possible, led upward toward the heavens. But always pity brought me back to earth. Echoes of cries of pain reverberate in my heart. Children in famine, victims tortured by 14)oppressors, helpless old people a hated burden to their pain make a 15)mockery of what human life should be. I long to 16)alleviate the evil, but I can't, and I too suffer.
      This has been my life. I have found it worth living, and would gladly live it again if the chance were offered me.
      1) overwhelmingly  adv. 不可抵抗地
      2) unbearable  a. 无法忍受的
      3) wayward  a. 任性的
      4) anguish  n. 痛苦,苦恼
      5) verge  n. 边缘
      6) ecstasy  n. 入迷
      7) sacrifice  n. 牺牲
      8) unfathomable  adj. 深不可测的
      9) miniature  n. 缩图,缩影
      10) prefigure  v. 预示
      11) saint  n. 圣人
      12) apprehend  v. 领会,理解
      13) Pythagorean  a. 毕达哥拉斯的
      14) oppressor  n. 压迫者
      15) mockery  n. 嘲笑
      16) alleviate  v. 使(痛苦)易于忍受,减轻
      When You are Old
      by William Butler Yeats
      When you are old and 1)gray and full of sleep
      And 2)nodding by the fire, 3)take down this book,
      And slowly read, and dream of the 4)soft look
      Your eyes had once, and of their shadows deep;
      How many loved your moments of glad grace,
      And loved your beauty with love false or true;
      But one man loved the 5)pilgrim soul in you,
      And loved the sorrows of your changing face;
      And 6)bending down beside the 7)glowing 8)bars,
      9)Murmur, a little sadly, how love fled
      And 10)paced upon the mountains overhead,
      And hid his face 11)amid a crowd of stars.
      1) gray  a. 灰色,指头发灰白
      2) nod  v. 打瞌睡,点头
      3) take down v. 拿下
      4) the soft look 柔和的眼神
      5) pilgrim  n. 朝圣者,追寻者
      6) bend down 弯腰
      7) glow  v. 灼热,发红光
      8) bar  n. 炉栅
      9) murmur  v. 喃喃低语
      10) pace  v. 踱步
      11) amid  prep. 在……中
      My Cyber Love
      I have frequented the same chat line for more than 3 years now and have made some wonderful online friendships. However, I had become bored with the typical chat and the Internet all together. So, I decided to take a break.
      After about a week of being off line, I returned late one night to check mail. There, in my box was an email from a lady friend I had met in chat. She was going on and on about a man that had recently entered the room and how he was supposedly the "male 1)incarnate" of myself. Anyone who knows me also knows that I am a bit of a "character". My sense of humor is one of a 2)warped 3)demented nature. The thought of finding anyone who doesn't become annoyed instantly is a chore. Much less a man that shared the same. I completely 4)discredited the email and went about my business.
      Later that night, I found myself wandering the net. It was then I ran across a photo gallery that proved to be quite entertaining. As I clicked from one picture to the next, I ran across one gentleman's photo. I was 5)stunned by his presence. Approximately 10 minuets had gone by when I finally tore myself away from the photo and decided to venture into chat. There, I found the woman who had sent me the email earlier that week. She 6)proceeded to tell me all about this man. "You just have to meet him," she said, 7)ranting on and on about how much we were alike. I laughed at her thinking it was amusing. "No, I am serious! You have got to talk to him." I finally agreed that I would make effort to do so later on and left the chat quickly. Again, finding myself staring at this 8)anonymous photo I had found earlier.
      Approximately 4 hours later, I ventured back into the chat. Only to find a few friends talking about daily events. Then, all of a sudden out of nowhere, a new name entered, 9)rambling on and on about being the presentment of madness. I quickly spoke up and told the stranger that title had already been taken by myself as I laughed. He was silent for a few moments. It was then I received a "whisper" from him. "So YOU are the woman I have heard so very much about." I replied by saying, "I see my reputation 10)precedes me." It was then I noticed his side 11)bar photo (this particular room has a side bar option for those wishing to post photos of themselves). I almost fell from my chair when I realized I was talking to the man in the photo. The photo I had found earlier that day while surfing. After several hours in "whisper" mode, we opted to enter my personal chat room. We found one another to be interesting. Not to mention, we thoroughly enjoyed our conversation.
      Since then, our relationship has grown tremendously. Even going so far as to admit our love to one another. We both agree this seems crazy. The sort of thing you read about in a book. It hardly seems real. Neither of us was looking when fate led us to one another. Neither of us was in need of love. Hell, neither of us believed in love, especially online love 12)prior to our finding one another. We both want so badly to be together. To learn, to love, and to experience what this has to offer. It is simply amazing. So much for not seeking love, eh?
      It was as if we had been two long lost lovers being reunited after a long trip. I think he put it best when he said...
      "Life is full of shit... lots of it. And there are many a times when you may feel stuck/bored and it seems that there's nothing left to hold your interests or anything that doesn't 13)piss you off. Well, there is such a thing as true love. It's there, it's indescribable and few are blessed with it. We are one of the lucky couples."
      Truly, the luckiest man and woman ever.
      1) incarnate  n. 化身,体现
      2) warped  a. 反常的
      3) demented   a. 发狂的
      4) discredit  v. 不信,怀疑
      5) stun  v. 使晕倒,惊吓
      6) proceed  v. 继续
      7) rant  v. 激昂地说
      8) anonymous  a. 无名的,匿名的
      9) ramble  v. 漫谈
      10) precede  v. 领先,先于
      11) bar  n. 条,棒,栅
      12) prior to 在之前
      13) piss sb. off 惹人生气
      The Rabbits Who Caused All the Trouble
      Written by James Thurber
      Within the memory of the youngest child there was a family of rabbits who lived near 1)a pack of wolves. The wolves announced that they did not like the way the rabbits were living. (The wolves were crazy about the way they themselves were living, because it was the only way to live.) One night several wolves were killed in an earthquake and this was blamed on the rabbits, for it is well known that rabbits 2)pound on the ground with their hind legs and cause earthquakes. On another night one of the wolves was killed by a bolt of 3)lightning and this was also blamed on the rabbits, for it is well known that 4)lettuce-eaters cause lightning. The wolves threatened to 5)civilize the rabbits if they didn't behave, and the rabbits decided to run away to a desert island. But the other animals, who lived at a great distance, shamed them, saying, "You must stay where you are and be brave. This is no world for 6)escapists. If the wolves attack you, we will come to your aid, in all probability." So the rabbits continued to live near the wolves and one day there was a terrible flood which drowned a great many wolves. This was blamed on the rabbits, for it is well known that carrot-nibblers with long ears cause floods. The wolves 7)descended on the rabbits, for their own good, and 8)imprisoned them in a dark cave, for their own protection.
      When nothing was heard about the rabbits for some weeks, the other animals demanded to know what had happened to them. The wolves replied that the rabbits had been eaten and since they had been eaten the affair was a purely 9)internal matter. But the other animals warned that they might possibly unite against the wolves unless some reason was given for the destruction of rabbits. So the wolves gave them one. "They were trying to escape," said the wolves, "and, as you know, this is no world for escapists."
      1) a pack of (野兽等的)一群
      2) pound  v. 猛敲,猛击
      3) lightning  n. 闪电
      4) lettuce  n. 莴苣
      5) civilize  v. 教化,使文明
      6) escapist  n. 逃避主义者
      7) descend on 袭击,突然访问
      8) imprison  v. 监禁
      9) internal  a. 国内的,内在的
      A Prelude to A Dream
      By Cameron Crowe / Director of Vanilla Sky
      In the winter of 1997, I saw a Spanish film called Abre Los Ojos. I couldn't get it out of my mind. The movie felt like a folk song to me, part fable, part poem, partly a committed conversation that you'd have with someone late at night when big ideas flowed easily. I wanted to be a part of that conversation. As all movies do, Vanilla Sky, a title I thought had a kind of musical quality, acquired a driven 1)adrenalinalized personality all its own.
      Much of the same crew had worked on Almost Famous. We made the two movies 2)back to back and they couldn't have been more beautifully 3)dissimilar.
      Visuals mattered a lot on this one, especially the opening sequence where we emptied Times Square on an early November morning. Working with the great John Toll was key. He had been the 4)cinematographer on Almost Famous and while that movie had a free flowing documeturish feel, this one would be even more demanding. Not a shot would go unplanned, not an image wasted.
      The goal was a movie filled with clues and 5)signposts, kind of like the cover of 6)Sergeant Pepper, every time you look at it, you might see something different.
      We all 7)pitched in to tell this odd and 8)intoxicating story about dreams and reality. Often after we'd rapped for the evening, many of us still stayed behind and talked about the layers of the movie even while we were making it. Not quite 2 years later, we still do.
      Vanilla Sky isn't obvious. It's a movie to be watched closely, but it's also a movie you can let wash over you. It's a story, a puzzle, a nightmare, a 9)lucid dream, a 10)psychedelic pop song, a movie to argue over and most of all, a movie that extends an invitation. Wherever you want to meet it, it will meet you there.
      1) adrenalinalized  a. 使激动的,使兴奋的
      2) back to back 一个连一个的
      3) dissimilar  a. 不同的,相异的
      4) cinematographer  n. 电影摄影技师
      5) signpost  n. 明显的线索,征兆
      6) 是1967年甲壳虫乐队发行的一张专辑,全名叫“Sergeant Pepper's Lonely Hearts Club Band”。
      7) pitch in 投身于,投入
      8) intoxicating  a. 醉人的,使人兴奋的
      9) lucid  a. 明晰的
      10) psychedelic  a. 迷幻的
      1)Vanilla Sky
      Scene 1
      (David always has nightmares. He is imprisoned after he was charged of murder. He tells Doctor Curtis McCabe one of the nightmares in which he runs in the empty Times Square without even one person.)
      Alarm Clock: Open your eyes. David, open your eye...
      Curtis: Well, I suppose the empty street meant loneliness.
      David: You're a 2)shrink, you gotta do better than that.
      Curtis: I'm a doctor, let's not 3)stereotype each other, not all rich kids are soulless and not all psychologists care about dreams. The question is how you got here and why you've been charged.
      David: What do you want to know? I was about to turn 33. I ran three magazines in a world wide publishing house. And most days I actually fooled myself into believing that it would last forever. Isn't that what being young is about? Believing secretly that you would be the one person in the history of man who would live forever.
      Scene 2
      (David was an unconventional young man before imprisonment. He was half-hearted to his work. One morning, he went to play tennis with his friend Brian, and paid no attention to the board meeting. )
      David: Did you reserve the court?
      Brian: Easy, I can't handle heavy conversation at this ungodly hour.
      David: Sorry to do this early, but I gotta be done by ten.
      (The telephone rings.)
      Secretary: You're not going to make the 8:45, are you?
      David: How did you find me?
      Secretary: David Aames, you have to check the colors of the letters for the new issue of Rise.
      David: What are the colors?
      Secretary: Yellow and red or the traditional white.
      David: Gotta think about it!
      Secretary: David, please don't be late for the ten o'clock with the board.
      David: OK, but don't tell anybody where I am. I don't care if God calls. I'm very, very busy.
      Secretary: We have...
      (David hangs up the call.)
      Brian: Yeah.
      Scene 3
      (The scene changes back to the prison. David tells the doctor his life story and the reason that changes his fate.)
      David: David Aames Senior! My father wasn't built for the 21st century, he never went to McDonald's, not once. He never watched television, and yet his biggest magazine is still the TV Digest. He and my mother threw the grandest parties of the literary world, ballooned, jumped out of airplanes. He sought adventure. His autobiography is the 4)manual for every 5)cutthroat publisher in New York City. It's called Defending the Kingdom.
      Curtis: I've read it. Page 127, "David Jr. was a delight as a child." Did I miss something here? Is that all he wrote about you?
      David: I don't think he ever got over the fact that I'm absolutely terrified of heights. The irony continues. When he and my mother were run over by a drunken teenager on New Year's Eve ten years ago, he left the keys to the kingdom to me. 51% control, 49% going to a group of seven board members who all thought they were first in line.
      Curtis: There are five basic emotions in life, David. Tell me what emotion griped him before he entered that cell. Was it guilt? Hate? Shame? Revenge? Love? I'm completely on the wrong track, aren't I?
      Scene 4
      (Love -- David calls back his birthday party on which night he felt in love with beautiful Sofia and hurt the girl who loved him, Julie.)
      David: How about if you help me? Unless I'm 6)horning in here?
      Sofia: You are, but the food's good.
      David: I've got this little problem. I've got a 7)stalker.
      Sofia: It doesn't sound life threatening.
      David: But I need a cover. I need for you to pretend we are having a stimulating conversation and you are wildly entertained. I know it's tough.
      Sofia: I'll 8)improvise.
      David: She's right across the room and she's burning a hole in my back right now, isn't she?
      Sofia: Red dress? 9)Strappy shoes?
      David: Yes.
      Sofia: Wow, she's really staring at you.
      David: Shit!
      Sofia: And she seems to be crying, less happy. I think she's the saddest girl to ever hold a Martini.
      (After the birthday party, David drives Sofia home.)
      Sofia: Ever been married?
      David: No. Did you ever accept any of your 12 thousand proposals?
      Sofia: 12 thousand and 8. No!
      David: And you moved to New York to do dance, paint and acting. Deal arms?
      Sofia: Right. Do you want to hear 10)Jeff Buckley or Vicky Carr?
      David: Jeff Buckley or Vicky Carr? Both 11)simultaneously.
      Sofia: Everyone said don't go to New York, but I just think good things will happen if you're a good person with a good attitude. Don't you think? You think I'm naive.
      David: Ah, no! I really don't. (Interior monologue) I dug her completely! Somehow I'd found the last semi-guyless girl in New York City.
      Scene 5
      (Next morning, Julie comes to meet David in her car just as he leaves Sofia's home.)
      Julie: David Aames!
      David: Julie Gianni!
      Julie: Hey handsome!
      David: You're following me.
      Julie: Just a little bit, I wanted to finish what we were talking about.
      David: And?
      Julie: How did it go with our moth girl? Did she turn into a butterfly for you?
      David: Yes, she did.
      Julie: Yeah?
      David: It's OK.
      Julie: You just never seem to be there for your friends until they've finally given up on you!
      David: I'm not 12)blowing you off, I just, I want to be alone for a little bit. Trust me, I have a lot of things I have to take care of. And if we're friends, which we are, OK, then you'll understand that.
      Julie: I'm sorry! But we're...I missed an 13)audition and it just made me feel bad that you didn't invite me to your party. You want to make it up to me? (David gets in her car.) What's happiness to you, David?
      David: What is happiness to me? What is happiness?
      Julie: Because for me, this is happiness. It's being with you.
      (Julie loses control of her emotions. She drives the car so fast that David falls in deep panic.)
      David: What are you doing? OK, I love you! I love you! What are you doing?
      (The car rushes to the side of the road. It falls down from the bridge with a loud crash.)
      Scene 6
      (The accident disfigures David's face. He doesn't know how to face his beloved girl. In the dream, they have a romantic and sad encounter.)
      Sofia: Hello!
      David: You're amazing! 14)Hola.
      Sofia: Hola! Did you get to work all night?
      David: Yeah. No, actually I had a horrible dream.
      Sofia: You dreamed you'd never see me again.
      David: I left your apartment I went downstairs to the car and my friend, the stalker, had followed me there.
      Sofia: Julie?
      David: Yes, and she wanted to talk to me, and I remember I had this buzz, you know, that buzz from you and me. I think my mind was still on that terrible drawing of me, but she was upset about, I don't know. You know, I got in the car and she drove off a bridge and committed suicide with me in the car.
      Sofia: I thought you were going straight to work.
      David: But I survived. With my arm and my face reconstructed and what's worse, I can't wake up.
      (David holds Sofia tightly.)
      Sofia: And how was your house after the party?
      David: Party? What party?
      Sofia: The party - red dress, strappy shoes. I spilled something on your shirt, sweet and sour and the saddest girl to ever hold a Martini.
      David (Interior monologue): My dreams are a cruel joke. They 15)taunt me. Even in my dreams I'm an idiot to know to wake up to reality. I can only avoid sleep and I can't. I try to tell myself what to dream, I try to dream that I'm flying, something free. It never works!
      1) vanilla  n. 香子兰
      2) shrink  n.(美国俚语)神经科医生
      3) stereotype  v. 使成定型;使形式固定
      4) manual  n. 手册,指南
      5) cutthroat  a. 残酷的,无情的
      6) horn in(美国俚语)闯入;干预
      7) stalker. n. 潜随猎物者
      8) improvise  v. 即兴创作或表演
      9) strappy  a.(鞋类或衣服)有褶的,有带子的
      10) Jeff Buckley 杰夫·巴克利,美国一位英年早逝的歌星,17岁时离家到好莱坞发展。1994年,出了一张EP Live at Sin-e和唯一的一张亲自参与制做的专辑Grace。1997年在密西西比河中游泳时不幸溺水身亡。
      11) simultaneously  adv. 同时发生的
      12) blow off 甩人,抱怨
      13) audition  n. 试听
      14) hola 西班牙语,即英文hello。
      15) taunt  v. 嘲笑,奚落
      The Birth of a Masterpiece
      -- Michelangelo's David
      If ever a work of art had a right to feel over exposed, it is Michelangelo's David, naked in the heart of Florence for nearly 5 centuries. In recent years his 1)manhood has been 2)appropriated for postcards, fridge magnates and even mouse mats. The great figure is of course 3)synonymous with the sculptor Michelangelo Buonarrotti, but the marble block that became the David was already being worked on a decade before Michelangelo was even born.
      It was 4)extracted from the hostile mountainside high up in the Alpune Alps, some 60 miles north of Florence. 5)Rivalry between the city-states of 6)renaissance Italy 7)put the story in motion; 8)provoked by the splendors of Milan, the Florentine authorities commissioned 9)colossal figures to rein the rooftop of their 10)Cathedral, a hugely ambitious plan.
      It was a man named Agustino Deduchio, an assistant to the 11)renowned master sculptor Donetello, who was first commissions to make this David. His plan was to mine 4 separate blocks: one piece for the head, one for each arm and one for the body. The fate of three of the blocks is unknown. Only the stone intended for the 12)torso survived, but in itself it was the first such gigantic marble slab to be 13)quarried since the sculptured giants of the Roman Empire were created over a thousand years earlier.
      Deduchio had never taken on a project of this size, he was more at home with fairly undemanding reliefs, but he pressed on choosing to creat what appeared to be a clothed David. He carved a lot of 14)drapery on the chest, worked on the feet and made a hole between the legs, but it wasn't long before he was forced to give up, the sheer scale of the marble or perhaps the shallowness of the block defeating him.
      It was to be another 12 years before the authorities regained the confidence to commission another sculptor to try to make something of this troublesome figure. Antonio Rossolino was a 15)resourceful craftsman, but he too failed, becoming the second victim of the block's 16)intimidating dimensions.
      Michelangelo probably did come forward with a wax model and as it were in competition with anybody else who wanted the job, he talked them into allowing him to do the piece. So he got, I think, the commission by sheer competition and by being brilliant.
      The David contract gave Michelangelo two years to complete the statue. His fee was fixed at three gold 17)florins a month, a good artisan wage.
      The piece is too large to work 18)horizontally, so it has to be 19)tackled upright. This means dust and stone raining down onto the sculptor. The shallowness of the marble now poses the greatest challenge. Working on a block as little as 2 feet deep in places, the margin for error is nonexistent. The creation has to be mathematically accurate, or the block will be ruined or the proportions lost. David might even be deprived of balance and crash to the floor in 20 tons of fragments. The architectural solution is a tree trunk carved behind the leg to support the figure while David stands in 20)contrapposto, the position where one leg is kept straight. If the sculptor then drops a 21)plumb line from the throat to the foot, gravity will then be satisfied and the statue balanced.
      Aside from inspiration, this was hard physical work, often 22)tedious and occupying 14 hours a day and 6 days a week. The powerful young sculptor, a little over five feet tall, must have felt that he was the David, facing a giant enemy.
      A year into the commission, the Cathedral elders pay a visit to view the work in progress. They're amazed at what they see, whether they expected a 23)nude is questionable but were known to have been delighted, they had commissioned a masterpiece after all.
      1) manhood  n. 男子气概
      2) appropriate  v. 挪用,盗用
      3) synonymous  a. 同义的
      4) extract  v. 费力地取到
      5) rivalry  n. 竞争,竞赛
      6) renaissance  n. 文艺复兴
      7) put sth. in motion 使某物开始运转
      8) provoke  v. 煽动,惹起
      9) colossal  a. 巨大的,庞大的
      10) cathedral  n. 大教堂
      11) renowned  a. 有名的,有声誉的
      12) torso  n. 裸体雕像的躯干部分
      13) quarry  v. 挖出,苦心找出
      14) drapery  n. 织物,布料
      15) resourceful  a. 足智多谋的
      16) intimidating  a. 威胁的,恐吓的
      17) florin  n. 弗罗林,一种金币
      18) horizontally  adv. 地平地,水平地
      19) tackle  v. 固定,处理
      20) contrapposto  n.(雕塑或绘画中以对立方式表现出人体各部分的)对应
      21) plumb line 用铅垂线检查垂直度
      22) tedious  a. 单调乏味的
      23) nude  n. 裸体
      Meg Whitman: It is incredibly unique, I mean, before eBay there was no way to connect businesses and individuals on a 24-7 basis in an efficient market to trade goods and services.
      Interviewer: Did you have any idea going into this thing that it would be as successful as it has been?
      Whitman: No, I mean, I thought that this was largely going to be a collectables web site. I thought the 1)homerun was if this was someday a 100 hundred million dollars in 2)revenue company, so obviously it has grown way beyond what I think any of us had anticipated.
      Interviewer: "Way beyond" is an 3)understatement. Last year eBay has $748 million in revenue, up 74% from the year before, $90 million in profit and nearly 90% gain. And collectables were just the beginning, today eBay is the largest online seller of goods ranging from automobiles to computers to sporting goods, a total of 18 thousand categories in all.
      Whitman: We followed the users everyday, now 6 million users come to the site and they're 4)entrepreneurs from around the globe who figure out how to best use the site. And if we watch what they do very carefully and help make them more successful then we, by definition, are successful.
      Interviewer: Explain the role of the customer who uses eBay, how important that customer is and what they do for eBay.
      Whitman: Well, the customer has really built eBay because we don't hold any of the 5)inventory. They pick the inventory, they merchandise it, they pick, pack and ship it, they handle their own customer support and they actually list all of the items on eBay. So, we are the market place manager but it is the customer that really has built the company.
      And the customers keep building and coming. Right now, eBay has more than 42 million registered users, according to Whitman, that's about 25% of Americans online and they're leading eBay into new markets. Fixed price sales now 6)account for nearly 20% of eBay's business, up from zero just a year and a half ago and big business, including Home Depot, IBM and Disney, are now selling products there, but Whitman says the core of eBay will always be small and medium size businesses.
      用户在不断建立eBay的同时,用户数量也在增加。eBay现在有超过4200万名注册用户,惠特曼说,这大约相当于25%的美国人是eBay的用户,而且他们正成为eBay开拓着新的市场。一年半前,eBay还没有正价货品销售,如今上升到公司20%的业务份额。像Home Depot、IBM还有迪斯尼这样的大公司现在都在eBay上销售商品,但惠特曼说,ebay的核心业务将永远围绕中小型企业。
      1) homerun  n. [棒球]本垒打
      2) revenue  n. 收入,税收
      3) understatement  n. 保守或简略的陈述
      4) entrepreneur  n. 企业家
      5) inventory  n. 详细目录,存货
      6) account for (在数量、比例方面)占
      Denzel Washington
      Denzel first learned to fight growing up on the streets of Mount Vernon, a working-class suburb outside of New York City. His mother, Lenis, managed her own Beauty Shop, his father Denzel Senior was a Penacostel Preacher who 1)held down two other jobs. Denzel went to church every Sunday but dreamed of becoming a professional athlete. He spent all of his free time here, at what was then "The Boy's Club".
      Journalist: This was an important place for you?
      Denzel: Yep, I lived here! My mother had to come get me.
      Journalist: So you had a time when you had to come home?
      Denzel: Nine O'clock, man, I had it timed. I knew how to get to the fish market by 8:54 and by the chicken joint by 8:56 in order to make it home by 9 o'clock.
      Journalist: Did she ever have to come looking for you?
      Denzel: She did! She would! We were in a park and she came and they're like "Ahh D, your mom's here." And I got in the car and she was screaming. So I kinda look at everybody out the window like, you know, I got this. As I was turning around - POW! So I put my head under the 2)dashboard, "Just drive, ma, just drive."
      Journalist: Your mother was important in you life?
      Denzel: Oh yeah.
      Journalist: She set the tone in the house? I mean, she was the 3)disciplinarian, not your father?
      Denzel: Yeah, no, he was working, all the time.
      Denzel says his mother Lattice saved his life when she 4)scraped together enough money to send him to Oakland Academy, a small 5)boarding school for boys in upstate New York.
      Journalist: How did you end up here?
      Denzel: I was in a public school, Malburnham High School, and my mother decided it was best to get me outta there before I ended up like where a lot of my friends are now. You know in the grave, in the 6)penitentiary. My mother had a good understanding what exposure would do for her children, and she tried to expose us to things. She used to ride us around in Scarsdale and we'd pick out houses that we wanted. "That one's gonna be mine! Oh, I'm going to get one like that!" You know, or "Take me to see the Nutcracker Sweet."
      Journalist: You owe her a lot?
      Denzel: I owe her everything!
      Journalist: I assume you told her that?
      Denzel : In many ways! Yeah.
      Journalist: When you come back here with all the success you've had today and all the confidence you have today, do you still see you? The kid who was here and the man who is there now?
      Denzel: It's and in a way, no, and I'll tell you why, because I'm an actor, so I'm 7)schizoid anyway. You know, you play and become so many... I've been so many people between then and now. I've played so many different roles. It's not a smooth line from there to here.
      The roughest point on that line, Densel says, was when he was 20, 8)floundering 9)flunking out of college. Then he told us he was touched by an angel.
      Denzel: I was in my mother's beauty shop and I was looking in the mirror, and I saw a woman sitting across the room from me. And she said to my mother, "Bring me a piece of paper, I have a 10)prophecy."-- It's the God honest truth, I've got the piece of paper, I keep it with me all the time -- and she wrote down, she said, "This boy is gonna speak to millions of people." I asked my mother afterwards, I said, "Who the hell is this? You know what she's talking about?" She said, "Well, she is one of the oldest church members in my branch and people say she has the gift of prophecy." I'm like, well, why didn't I meet her a year ago before I got kick out of school or something. You know, so I don't talk about that a lot, but I've kinda felt like maybe I've got some job to do.
      With that job in mind, Denzel returned to New York's Fordham University where he found he had a gift, acting, and he's never looked back. He now lives in Los Angeles with Pauletta, his wife, and their 4 children in a house bigger than anything he might have seen in Scarsdale. This gifted, 11)purposeful man says he has found his voice through the men he plays and those voices speak to millions of people. That's the part of the job he cares about.
      1) hold down (非正式)保住工作
      2) dashboard  n. 汽车等的仪表板
      3) disciplinarian  n. 厉行纪律的人
      4) scrape  v. 艰难地积攒
      5) boarding school 寄宿学校
      6) penitentiary  n. 收容所,教养所
      7) schizoid  a. 精神分裂的
      8) flounder  v. 挣扎,辗转
      9) flunk out (口)因不及格而退学
      10) prophecy  n. 预言
      11) purposeful  a. 有目的,坚定
      Teacher Shortage
      Tina Millington: Teaching is, to me, the greatest profession. It is a profession, it's not a job. It's something that many teachers choose at the beginning and do for the rest of their lives.
      But fewer people than ever are choosing the profession. That's why Tina Millington is leading this literature class at Brooklyn's Sheep's Head Bay High School and not in her native Barbados, where she's a 1)certified teacher.
      Tina Millington: They came to us and invited us, basically, to bring what we had to offer.
      They are recruiters from the New York City's Public School system, which is facing its worse teacher shortage ever.
      Harold Levy: This year we have a large number of teachers from Barbados, from Spain, from Canada, and from the other English-speaking Caribbean countries.
      750 international teachers to be exact, all hired by Chancellor of New York City schools, Harold Levy.
      Harold Levy: We have a national teacher shortage.
      A shortage indeed. At the start of this school year, 2)nearly a quarter of a billion teaching jobs were unfilled nationwide, sending the 3)Big Apple and other big cities looking internationally. Philadelphia's Board of Education, dealing with a shortfall of 800 teachers, 4)scoured India. Chicago went to 35 countries to help fill three thousand jobs and Huston needing one thousand teachers, searched Russia and Poland. What's the problem? Some say money.
      Ed Eubanks: We go overseas for two reasons: because we don't have the skill base here in America to fulfill the positions or the people who have the skill aren't willing to work in the salary working conditions that are being offered and we believe that it's the latter.
      Ed Eubanks is a recruiter for the National Education Association Union and feels that 42 thousand dollars average year starting salary is too small.
      Ed Eubanks: Teachers are paid considerably less than professions that require a similar amount of education and skill.
      How much less? In the 1970s the difference in starting pay between teachers and lawyers here in New York City was only about $2,000 a year. Today, it's more than 100 thousand and the gap is widening.
      Ed Eubanks: There was a time in this country where we paid an appropriate amount for what they did, today we talk a good game about doing that but in fact, we don't.
      In New York, the average starting salary is only 32 thousand dollars, 10 thousand below the national average. But lack of pay isn't the only issue, growth is another. Over the next 4 years, 20 million students will enter the nation's high schools, a third more than the current enrolment, and at the same time, more than a million teachers will retire. 5)Attrition is yet another issue of those teachers who are hired, 20% are lost within 3 years.
      Randi Weigarten:The problem with the system and the problem across the country is, can you recruit who you want, can you retain the good ones and can you 6)winnow out the ones you want to get rid of? And at each step of the way we're hindered.
      But some critics believe that going overseas has its 7)drawbacks. Relaxed hiring standards and strict immigration laws, limiting international teachers to only 2-year visas.
      Randi Weigarten: They're not going to be here for a long time, this is not a way of staffing the New York City schools.
      Indeed many of the teachers recruited from international locations are uncertified, leading most experts to believe that the solution is more of a short-term fix than anything else. Still, they believe it is the right move as long as the long-term goal is making the profession of teaching more attractive.
      Ed Eubanks: No one's ever gone into teaching to make a fortune. People go into teaching because they want to do something of greater benefit to society of selfless importance.
      1) certified  a. 被鉴定的
      2) nearly a quarter of 此处为口误,美国只有两亿多人口,不可能有二点五亿个教职空缺
      3) Big Apple 美国纽约城
      4) scour  v. 急速走遍
      5) attrition  n. 磨损
      6) winnow  v. 扬掉,筛去
      7) drawback  n. 缺点,不利条件
      A Century of Memories (1900-1909)
      On the eve of the new century, the sense of 1)boundless possibilities also 2)ignited an explosion of technological 3)innovations that would have 4)profound impact on twentieth-century life. Thomas Edison's electric 5)light bulb and phonograph, Alexander Graham Bell's telephone. Tens of thousands of 6)tinkerers across America were trying to invent the future. Among them were two bicycle mechanics in Dayton, Ohio.
      Mable Griep --
      Mabel: Orville and Wilbur, they as young boys, were interested in flying. And they would sit on the 7)porch and watch the birds. And the neighbours all around us say, "I don't know what they think they're going to do. Why they will never make an aeroplane?"
      Mabel Griep and her sister Loreen lived next door to the Wright Brothers.
      Loreen:	Well, my father found out someway that they were going to try, have a trial flight. So we got in the surrey and we drove out to Hoffman Prairie.
      Mabel: I can hear dad turn more than once and say, "Look, are you all paying attention to this? Now listen to me. You're gonna remember this 'til your last day."
      Loreen: When that plane took off the ground, people were speechless! It was spectacular! It was unbelievable!
      One of the oldest dreams in human imagination had come true. 8)Sustained flight in a powered aeroplane.
      In 1900, there were only 8,000 cars and less than 10 miles of 9)concrete road in the entire country. But the car was fast seducing Americans.
      The historian, Thomas Hughes --
      Hughes: The automobile gave people a sense of the control of their own destiny. That is, behind the wheel, out on the road, you decided where you were going, what you were doing, and you had a machine at your control.
      But early cars were fantastically expensive. The Artsburger, made in Pittsburgh, and the Pierce Arrow were really toys for the rich people until one manufacturer in Detroit saw it differently: Henry Ford.
      Hughes: He saw the automobile as a way to relieve one of the burden of working in nature by the sweat of one's brow. He was motivated by the desire to put the automobile into the hands, first farmers, and then generally into the hands of ordinary people in the population. He wanted to produce many, many, many automobiles in a short, short time.
      It was the promise of material abundance and freedom which drew more than thirteen million impoverished Europeans to America between 1900 and 1914. It was the greatest free 10)migration in all of human history. The film-maker, Martin Scorcese's grandparents came from Italy.
      Scorcese: My mother's mother, Domenica, was afraid to travel on the boat. And the only way they got her on the boat was, her brother tricked her. He went on the boat with her, said he was going with her. And at the last minute she turned away, he left.
      Clara Hancox --
      Hancox:	 My mother came by herself through Siberia. She got to the coast, and got on the boat. They were just sitting on the deck. Hoards of people 11)huddled over their possessions which consisted of old pillows with feathers and the few pieces of silverware tucked in there and stuff like that, their candlesticks, and sleeping on the deck with one another, next to one another to keep oneself warm. It took weeks and weeks and weeks; it took ages.
      Alfred Levitt remembers his voyage from Russia --
      Levitt: When I crossed the ocean, I never saw such waves in my life. I never knew an ocean existed. Approaching the New York Harbour, the Statue of Liberty was there and it give me a free feeling; a feeling of a new nation; a feeling of a new hope for the beautiful life.
      1) boundless  a. 无边无际的
      2) ignite  v. 点燃
      3) innovation  n. 改革,创新
      4) profound  a. 意义深远的
      5) light bulb 电灯泡
      6) tinkerer  n. 修补匠
      7) porch  n. 门廊
      8) sustained  a. 持续不变的
      9) concrete  n. 混凝土
      10) migration  n. 迁徙
      11) huddle  v. 挤成一团,蜷缩
      Ocean Deep
      by Cliff Richard
      Love, can't you see I'm alone
      Can't you give this fool a chance
      A little love is all I ask
      A little kindness in the night
      Please don't leave me behind
      No, don't tell me love is blind
      A little love is all I ask
      And that is all
      Oh love, I've been searchin' so long
      I've been searchin' high and low
      And little love is all I ask
      A little sadness when you go
      Maybe you'll need a friend
      Only please don't let's pretend
      A little love is all I ask
      And that is all
      I wanna spread my wings
      But I just can't fly
      As a string of pearls
      The pretty girls go sailin' by
      Ocean deep
      I'm so afraid to show my feelings
      I have sailed a million ceilings
      Solitary room
      Ocean deep
      Will I ever find a lover
      Maybe she has found another
      And as I cry myself to sleep
      I know this love of mine I'll keep
      Ocean deep
      Now, can't you hear when I call
      Can't you hear the word I say
      A little love is all I ask
      A little feelin' when we touch
      Why am I still alone
      I've got a heart without a home
      A little love is all I ask
      And that is all
      I'm so lonely, lonely, lonely
      (Ocean deep)
      On my own in my room
      I'm so lonely
      (Ocean deep)
      I'm so lonely , I'm so lonely ...
      News Spotlight (1)
      The Moscow Hostage Crisis
      October 24
      On to Russia now where a group of heavily-armed Chechen rebels is holding up to 700 theatre-goers hostage in a daring overnight raid in the Russian Capital. The 1)militants are threatening to 2)blow up the theatre building unless Russian Troops pull out of Chechnya.
      The hostage-takers have been holding talks with Russian authorities as part of efforts to end the 3)standoff. And in a show of good faith, the gunmen released at least five captives a short while ago.
      The scenes outside the theatre in Moscow resembled a warzone with hundreds of heavily-armed special forces backed by 4)armored personnel carriers surrounding the building. All special forces have been put on 5)heightened alert after about 40 Chechen separatist rebels stormed a theatre overnight as between 400 and 700 theatre-goers, including westerners, were watching a musical. The heavily-armed, masked gunmen started firings shots into the air and shouting, "Stop the war in Chchnya!" The rebels, said to have explosives 6)strapped to their belts, are threatening to shoot the hostages and blow up the building if special forces storm the premises.
      But, Russian authorities 7)play down speculation that security forces will try to take the building by storm. One hostage, reached on her mobile phone inside the theatre, said the rebels had fastened explosives in passageways, on seats and even to the panicked hostages themselves. Her words were reinforced by the crack of automatic gunfire, which rang out on at least four separate occasions.
      The rebels, who are describing themselves as a suicide death squad, are refusing to end the siege until Russian authorities pull their troops out of their troubled Muslim homeland and declare a ceasefire ending three years of conflict. The group freed up to 20 children immediately, and 8)batches of hungry and thirsty hostages were released at regular 9)intervals. This spectacular attack forced Russian President, Vladimir Putin, to call off a trip to Germany and Portugal and summon his cabinet to emergency talks in the 10)Kremlin.
      October 27
      The Russian Government is under pressure to reveal the type of gas it used to end the hostage crisis in a Moscow theatre yesterday. There is mounting suspicion that the mystery gas may have killed some or many of the victims. The death toll has now risen to more than one hundred and sixty including 118 hostages and dozens of Chechen rebels.
      Russia is counting the cost of the bloody end to a three-day hostage crisis at a Moscow Theatre. President Vladimir Putin has been visiting the survivors of the terrifying ordeal in hospital. He apologized to the victim's relatives in a 11)televised address for not being able to save the lives of all the captives. But Putin said the ending of the hostage-taking proved Russia cannot be brought to its knees by terrorists.
      Gas was released into the theatre as Russian special forces stormed the building early yesterday. The Russian Interior Minister defended the use of the knockout gas, saying many more people would have been killed if the Chechen rebels had detonated their explosives. Many of the hostages had to be brought out unconscious. The rebels had been threatening to blow up the theatre unless Russian troops withdrew from their Muslim homeland. The majority of the Chechen rebels, including their leader, Mobsav Baryev, were shot during the raid, several with bullets to their head, apparently as they lay sleeping from the gas. Three of the gunmen who fled the theatre and about thirty of their 12)accomplices were arrested in the Moscow area.
      Officials have maintained a virtual silence on the exact number of victims. The Health Ministry said nine of the hostages died because of heart problems, shock, or lack of medicine. But it was not known how the others died. Speculation is mounting that some of them were killed as a result of their exposure to the gas which Russian officials are refusing to identify. And relatives and friends of the victims have been barred from entering the hospitals to visit their loved ones who are recovering from the ill effects of the
      News 1 政治
      United Nations Security Council is 13)deadlocked on whether to accept a tough new US resolution authorizing the use of force against Iraq. Washington is facing stiff opposition from China, Russia and France.
      After two days of intense discussions, there was still no sign that the UN Security Council was any closer to reaching an agreement on Washington's tough, new resolution on Iraq. China, Russia and France want to give Iraqi leader, Saddam Hussein, a chance to disarm first, only authorizing the use of force in a second resolution if Bagdad fails to comply with weapons inspections. But the US is pushing for a single resolution that would allow force to be used against Bagdad.
      John Negroponte (U.S Ambassador to U.N.): We've put on the table the text of a resolution which we believe, if Iraq were to cooperate, could achieve this purpose and we're now engaged in a very intense dialogue with the other permanent members of the Security Council to see if we can forge some kind of consensus on this.
      US President, George Bush, has been hinting that his patience is wearing thin and the UN had better hurry up.
      George Bush: For the sake of having an international body which is effective, the United Nations must make the resolve, must be resolved to deal with this person. Must resolve itself to be something more than the League of Nations. Must resolve itself to be more than just a debating society.
      Chief UN Weapons inspector, Hans Blix, who met Russian Foreign Minister Igor Ivanov in Moscow, said he was positive that agreement would be reached. But Ivanov said Washington's draft resolution did not fulfill the requirements the Russians are calling for.
      News 2 体育
      The Chinese Basketball sensation, Yao Ming, has arrived in the US to begin his NBA career. That story tops tonight's Sports Wrap.
      Yao Ming finally touched down in Houston, Texas where he will join the Rockets for the coming NBA season. Yao, who was the first pick in the draft, signed a four-year deal with the Rockets worth 17.8 million US dollars. He's expected to begin practicing with his new teammates this week.
      News 3 体育
      Well, in soccer, Arsenal will have to wait at least a week before 14)clinching a second-round 15)berth in the European Champions League. Arsenal suffered a surprise 2-1 defeat to Auxerre, France, but the Londoners still top group A. And Liverpool scored an impressive 3-1 win at Spartak, Moscow, and are three points behind group leaders, Valencia.
      1 政治
      2 体育
      3 体育
      足球方面,阿森纳队将要起码等上一周才能锁定是否有资格参加第二轮的欧洲冠军联赛。阿森纳队意外地以二比一输给了法国欧塞尔队,但这支来自伦敦的球队还是稳居A组冠军。 利物浦队以三比一战胜了俄罗斯的莫斯科斯巴达队,给人留下深刻印象,落后小组第一名瓦伦西亚队三分。
      1) militant  n. 富有战斗精神的人,斗士
      2) blow up 使爆炸,炸毁
      3) standoff  n.(比赛)打成平手,不分胜负
      4) armored  a. 装甲的
      5) heighten  v. 增加,提高;使显著
      6) strap  v. 用带捆扎,用带束住
      7) play down 减弱,缩小
      8) batch  n. 一批,一组
      9) interval  n. 间歇,间隙
      10) Kremlin  n. 克里姆林宫(莫斯科城堡,城墙内有苏联最高政府机关)
      11) televise  v. 电视播送,电视接收
      12) accomplice  n. 同谋,帮凶
      13) deadlock  v. 使陷入僵局,陷入僵持
      14) clinch  v. 使得到最后解决,确定
      15) berth  n. 职位,地位
      Schopenhauer: A Guide to Love and Happiness
      In an 1)admittedly rather unromantic field, Schopenhauer is the one philosopher who seems to understand the 2)intensity of what we feel when we fall in love. He thought we were absolutely right to build our lives around love, nothing else in life was quite as important. But the mistake he thought we made was to imagine that happiness had anything to do with it.
      Schopenhauer was born in Danzig in 1788 but spent most of his life in Frankfurt. From an early age he looked a lot for happiness.
      He was intelligent, confident, good-looking and, after his father died when he was 17, extremely rich. But success with women 3)eluded him.
      In 1821, at the age of 33, he did meet a woman who liked him, a 19 year-old singer called Caroline Maduog. But he was never comfortable enough in the relationship to settle down, he told her that two people to get married means to do everything possible to become an object of disgust to one another. After ten stormy years, the relationship broke up. Schopenhauer continued to search for love but with ever less success.
      In 1831, he developed a passion for Flora Vice, a beautiful spirited girl who had just turned 17. During a boating party in attempted to charm her, Schopenhauer started talking to her about his philosophy. He smiled and offered her a bunch of grapes. Flora later 4)confided in her dairy, "I didn't want them. I felt 5)revolted because old Schopenhauer had touched them, so I let them slide quite gently into the water behind me."
      So how could this romantically hapless philosopher have anything wise to tell us about love? Well, for a start, he tells us that love is not a 6)trivial subject, we shouldn't see it as a 7)distraction from more important or grown up concerns. It's no accident that love is such an overwhelming emotion, but it can take over our lives and fill our every waking moment. And Schopenhauer urges us not to be too hard on ourselves for the obsession and despair it can drive us to when it goes wrong, to be surprised at how much rejection hurts is to ignore just what acceptance would have involved. "Nothing in life is more important than love," wrote Schopenhauer, "because nothing less than the survival of our species is 8)at stake."
      We imagine when we fall for someone that we are finding a partner whose going to make us happy, but Schopenhauer saw it very differently.
      He thought that we put ourselves through the 9)subconscious phone calls and the expensive candle lit dinners for one reason only: an overwhelming biological drive to 10)propagate the species. He called it "The Will to Life": Love is a 11)cunning ruse designed by biology to push us towards having children. However romantic we like to think we are, we are all essentially slaves of "The Will to Life."
      It might seem odd to say that Schopenhauer could ever have anything helpful to tell us about love, given that he was such a misery himself, but I think he has some very consoling thing to say. Firstly, he tells us that we simply have no choice but to fall in love, biology is stronger than reason and so we are not unhappy by accident. In essence, we are just like all the other creatures in the zoo: we're 12)impelled to find a mate to 13)spawn 14)offspring and to bring them up and only a force as strong as love could get us to do so.
      A traditional view is that this couple will live happily ever after. The 15)cynical modern view is that they're doomed to 16)recrimination and a quick divorce.
      Schopenhauer asks us to consider a different view: that happiness is simply not the point anymore than it is for porcupines or monkeys. To hear that happiness was never really part of the plan, the darkest thinkers can, sometimes, 17)paradoxically be the most cheering.
      "If God made this world," he said, "then I would not like to be the God. Its misery and distress would break my heart."
      1) admittedly  adv. 诚然,公认地
      2) intensity  n. 强度,强烈
      3) elude  v. 躲避
      4) confide  v. 倾诉
      5) revolt  v. 厌恶
      6) trivial  a. 微不足道的
      7) distraction  n. 分心,分心的事物
      8) at stake 在危险中
      9) subconscious  a. 下意识的
      10) propagate  v. 繁殖
      11) cunning  a. 狡猾的
      12) impel  v. 推动,驱使
      13) spawn  v. 产卵
      14) offspring  n. 后代,子孙
      15) cynical  a. 愤世嫉俗的
      16) recrimination  n. 反责
      17) paradoxically  adv. 自相矛盾地
      Me and My Cello
      Written by Christian Williams
      Six years ago I, then a fellow of 35, was struck by an 1)impulse of the romantic and 2)irreducible sort, which I have since compared to a torrid scene in The Godfather except that it was not a Sicilian virgin who fired my thoughts but a shapely 3)descendant of the violin family, the cello.
      Straightaway I obtained a rental instrument of heavy 4)plywood and appeared before Wendell Margrave, professor of musical instruction. It was winter.
      "You can be as good as you want to be," Margrave said rather 5)mysteriously. On a scrap of paper he drew a staff with the notes E and F. He showed me where to put my fingers on the neck and how to draw the bow. Then he entered my name in his book: 10 a.m. Tuesday. Tuesday followed Tuesday, and soon it was spring.
      Thus began my voyage out of ignorance and into the dream. Is there one among us who has not had this dream? Who has not picked up a friend's guitar and felt the songs locked inside? Who has not wondered if he could learn to play the Moonlight 6)Sonata, at least the easy beginning part?
      It was most remarkable to have a teacher again. E-F, E-F, we played together - and moved on to G. It was a happy time. I was again becoming, and no longer trapped in what I had become.
      Surely the most 7)abominable recognition of middle life is that we are past changing. Oh, we switch -- switch salad dressings and mutual funds -- but we don't change. We do what we can already do. The cello was something I 8)demonstrably couldn't do. Yet each Tuesday I could not do it slightly less.
      No one was watching, and a good thing. In an upstairs room of my city house, at midnight, I would send out through the open windows long, tortured 9)fragments of Alwin Schroeder's 170 Foundation Studies for Violoncello to mingle with the squeals of cats. The footfalls of unseen passers-by would curiously stop, and then 10)resume in haste.
      Riding home on the bus one snowy night and perusing the score of Mozart's C-Major 11)Quintet, I felt the page burst into music in my hands. I could by then more or less read a score, and was humming the cello line, when suddenly all five parts blossomed 12)harmonically in my head. The fellow across the aisle stared. I met his glance with tears, actually hearing the music in my head for the first time. Could he hear it too, perhaps? No, he got off at the next stop.
      As the years slipped by, my daughter passed into the teen-age vale, developing a youthful proficiency on the piano. My goal was that she and I would one day perform together. I also wanted to perform in public with and for my 13)peers, and to be secretly envied.
      I continue to play, to perform, but it is not the same. Fantasy, it turns out, is 14)debased in the 15)attainment. Before, when I heard a cello, it was all beauty and light. Now, as the TV camera pushes in close to Rostropovich's face, I recognize that 16)charismatic grin as a mask of fierce determination. Even for him, the cello is an 17)intractable instrument, unforgiving of ambition.
      I picked up my cello, 18)screw tight the hairs of the bow and soar once more into Belle Nuit, the 19)vibrato still wobbling like an unbalanced tire. As good as I wanted to be, I am as good as I'm going to get. It is good enough.
      “你想拉得多好就可以有多好,” 马格瑞夫的话说得很玄妙。他在一张纸上画出五线谱,标上E和F两个音调符。他向我示范手指应放在琴颈的什么部位,怎样运弓。然后,他在记事簿上记下我的姓名:星期二上午10时。一个又一个星期二过去,很快就到了春天。
      1) impulse  n. 推动,冲动
      2) irreducible  a. 不能削减的
      3) descendant  n. 后裔,后代
      4) plywood  n. 夹板,合板
      5) mysteriously  adv. 神秘地
      6) sonata  n. 奏鸣曲
      7) abominable  a. 最令人憎恶的,讨厌的
      8) demonstrably  adv. 确然
      9) fragment  n. 碎片,未完的作品
      10) resume  v. 再继续
      11) Quintet  n. 五重奏
      12) harmonically  adv. 协调地
      13) peer  n. 同等的人
      14) debase  v. 使降低
      15) attainment  n. 达到
      16) charismatic  a. 超凡魅力的
      17) intractable  a. 难处理的
      18) screw  v. 旋,拧
      19) vibrato  n. [音]颤音,振动
      To the real Jonathan Seagull, who lives within us all --
      Jonathan Livingston Seagull (I)
      Written by Richard Bach
      It was morning, and the new sun 1)sparkled gold across the 2)ripples of a gentle sea. A mile from shore a fishing boat 3)chummed the water, and the word for Breakfast Flock flashed through the air, till a crowd of a thousand seagulls came to 4)dodge and fight for bits of food. It was another busy day beginning.
      But way off alone, out by himself beyond boat and shore, Jonathan Livingston Seagull was practicing. A hundred feet in the sky he lowered his 5)webbed feet, lifted his beak, and 6)strained to hold a painful hard twisting curve through his wings. The curve meant that he would fly slowly, and now he slowed until the wind was a whisper in his face, until the ocean stood still beneath him. He narrowed his eyes in fierce concentration, held his breath, forced one... single... more... inch... of... curve... Then his feathers 7)ruffled, he 8)stalled and fell.
      Seagulls, as you know, never 9)falter, never stall. To stall in the air is for them disgrace and it is dishonor.
      But Jonathan Livingston Seagull, unashamed, stretching his wings again in that trembling hard curve -- slowing, slowing, and stalling once more -- was no ordinary bird.
      Most gulls don't bother to learn more than the simplest facts of flight -- how to get from shore to food and back again. For most gulls, it is not flying that matters, but eating. For this gull, though, it was not eating that mattered, but flight. More than anything else. Jonathan Livingston Seagull loved to fly.
      This kind of thinking, he found, is not the way to make one's self popular with other birds. Even his parents were 10)dismayed as Jonathan spent whole days alone, making hundreds of low-level glides, experimenting.
      "See here, Jonathan," said his father not unkindly. "Winter isn't far away. Boats will be few and the surface fish will be swimming deep. If you must study, then study food, and how to get it. This flying business is all very well, but you can't eat a glide, you know. Don't you forget that the reason you fly is to eat."
      Jonathan nodded obediently. For the next few days he tried to behave like the other gulls; he really tried, 11)screeching and fighting with the flock around the 12)piers and fishing boats, diving on 13)scraps of fish and bread. But he couldn't make it work.
      It's all so 14)pointless, he thought, 15)deliberately dropping a hard-won 16)anchovy to a hungry old gull chasing him. I could be spending all this time learning to fly. There's so much to learn!
      It wasn't long before Jonathan Gull was off by himself again, far out at sea, hungry, happy, learning.
      He felt better for his decision to be just another one of the Flock. He climbed two thousand feet above the black sea, and without a moment for thought of failure and death, he brought his 17)forewings tightly in to his body, left only the narrow swept daggers of his 18)wingtips extended into the wind, and fell into a 19)vertical dive.
      The wind was a monster roar at his head. Seventy miles per hour, ninety, a hundred and twenty and faster still. The wing-strain now at a hundred and forty miles per hour wasn't nearly as hard as it had been before at seventy, and with the faintest twist of his wingtips he eased out of the dive and shot above the waves, a gray 20)cannonball under the moon.
      By sunup, Jonathan Gull was practicing again. From five thousand feet the fishing boats were 21)specks in the flat blue water, Breakfast Flock was a faint cloud of dust 22)motes, circling.
      His thought was triumph. 23)Terminal velocity! A seagull at two hundred fourteen miles per hour! It was a breakthrough, the greatest single moment in the history of the Flock, and in that moment a new age opened for Jonathan Gull.
      He spared no time that day for talk with other gulls, but flew on past sunset. He discovered the 24)loop, the slow roll, the point roll, the 25)inverted spin, the gull 26)bunt, the 27)pinwheel.
      When Jonathan Seagull joined the Flock on the beach, it was full night. He was dizzy and terribly tired. Yet in delight he flew a loop to landing, with a 28)snap roll just before 29)touchdown. When they hear of it, he thought, of the Breakthrough, they'll be wild with joy. How much more there is now to living! We can be free! We can learn to fly!
      The years ahead hummed and glowed with promise.
      (To be continued)
      海鸥乔纳森·利文斯顿 (上)
      1) sparkle  v. 闪耀
      2) ripple  n. 涟漪,细浪
      3) chum  v. 撒饵
      4) dodge  v. 躲闪
      5) webbed  a. 有蹼的
      6) strain  v. 拉紧,尽力
      7) ruffle  v. 竖起
      8) stall  v. 停止
      9) falter  v. 蹒跚
      10) dismayed  a. 沮丧
      11) screech  v. 尖锐地叫
      12) pier  n. 码头
      13) scrap  n. 小片
      14) pointless  a. 无意义的
      15) deliberately  adv. 有意地
      16) anchovy  n. 凤尾鱼
      17) forewing  n. 前翅
      18) wingtip  n. 翼尖
      19) vertical  a. 垂直的
      20) cannonball  n. 炮弹
      21) speck  n. 微粒,小点
      22) mote  n. 尘埃
      23) terminal velocity 终速,自由沉降速度
      24) loop  n. 翻筋斗
      25) inverted spin 反螺旋
      26) bunt  n. 抵,撞
      27) pinwheel  n. 风车转
      28) snap roll (一种特技飞行)快滚
      29) touchdown  n. 着地
      Leslie Norris Helps the Police with Their Enquiries
      Norris: (calling out) Lorraine, 1)get'n a bit busy down 2)'ere my love! Hah! Evening James. What can I get 3)ya? A half-pint short?
      James: Aanhh! Come about the fights!
      Norris: Come right! Yeah! Last night, eh, that Eubank. Coor, he's got a punch in him, hasn't he? Oh, no. I don't mean Eubank, do I? No, no. The other 4)fella, the one with the 5)lisp. What's his name? Eubank!
      James: Bites an ear, tonight!
      Norris: Ah, right. I remember now. Yes, right. Yes, of course, uh, right. So eh, you gave me a 6)tenor?
      James: No. No. Just get me the 7)lad, will you? Leslie Norris, he's the one who called us.
      Norris: Leslie Norris? Oh, no no no! He's the old landlord. No, he's in Chichester now. Oh, no. Tell a lie. No, oh, it's me.
      James: Uh, will you just tell us what happened, Mr. Norris?
      Norris: What happened was uh, uh, John came, no, it wasn't John. Was it Terry? Uh, Bob! Bob! Yeah, uh, Bob came. Uh, one of the regulars, uh, he came in uh, uh no, he's on his way out.  Uh, come to think of it he didn't come in at all, did he? No. No, he hasn't been in for weeks. Bob, he's living in Australia now. Uh, Canada, Canada. He's dead! Dead! Very sad. Very sad. Yeah. I'll try and get him on the phone for you if you like.
      James: 8)Nah. Who actually started the fight? Bob, Terry, or John?
      Norris: Brian!
      James: Brian. Where did the fight start?
      Norris: Right, in the games room.
      James: Where's the games room?
      Norris: Just round the corner, you go past the Gents, through the door, turn left, down the end of the road, over the traffic lights, take the A3327, it's about half an hour door-to-door.
      James: The games room!
      Norris: Oh, the games room. Oh, I do beg your pardon, I thought you said Wantage. No, the games room. You want the B2217, is it?
      James: Could we just stick to the point?!
      Norris: And what's that?
      James: The fights!
      Norris: Oh, right, yes, Huh! Gooh, silly me, eh? Just you sometimes, I think I forget me own, uh, ... me own ...
      James: Norris!
      Norris: ... It's gone.
      James: So why did John hit Brian in the first place?
      Norris: Ah, well, 9)y'see.  It was all a misunderstanding about his wife y'see, yeah. Y'see, I said to John, I said, uh, I see your wife's been 10)havin' a little sex with Brian, only, I didn't mean sex, did I? I meant chat, ha! I'm always getting those two the wrong way right, the right way wrong, the right way round, the wrong way round, the 11)roundabout, take the third exit, take the trip there! Leslie, what are you going on about, boy? Whoa there. Right. Start again. You gave me a tenor.
      James: No, no. So John thought Brian was having sex with his wife?
      Norris: Really!? Oh, wait till I tell Brian!
      James: I think Brian already knows. He's ended up in hospital!
      Norris: (shouted) Hah! Ah well, you 12)gotta laugh, 13)ain't ya?
      James: Laugh!?
      Norris: Well, it's important to keep your sense of smell, humour, look, perspective!
      James: Look, just tell me john's surname.
      Norris: John?
      James: Yes, John.
      Norris: John Smith?
      James: John Smith.
      Norris: Certainly officer, 14)constable, 15)sergeant, one coming up for ya and me good lady wife, sorry, father!
      James: Look, I don't want a drink!
      Norris: Best way for the old Bill to go eh?
      James: Could you just give us a simple, straightforward description of John?
      Norris: He's a small 16)chap. About 6 foot 4, you know.  He's got eight legs, eats flies, lives in the corner, frightens the wife. Oh no, that's a spider isn't it? Ah, he's bald with long hair, clean 17)shaven, mustache, wearin' a red yellow, white black, blue shirt, an' uh, always carries a newspaper under his arm. Oh, no. I don't mean a newspaper do I?  No! That'd be 18)ridiculous, no, a rabbit.
      James: So, we are looking for a tall, short, bald, hairy man, with a red, yellow, blue, black, white shirt with a rabbit under his arm.
      Norris: Well, good luck!
      James: Good night, Mr. Norris.
      Norris: Good Night Parrot, uh, Inspector Moss, uh, Detective Dixon ....
      诺里斯:噢,是这样,都是关于约翰老婆的误会。我对约翰说他老婆和布莱恩有暧昧关系,我有说他们有染吗? 我只是说他们在一起聊天而已。你知道我就是这样一个人,老是把事情搞糊涂,把坏的说成对的,把对的说成错的,转了很多圈,转完圈呢,你就从第三个出口下来,这样你就到了。不对,我到底怎么了,对不起,我们从头来过,你给我个话题。
      1) get'n = get in,英式英语中有很多这样的缩略式,较为口语化。
      2) 'ere = there
      3) ya = you
      4) fella  n. [俚] 伙伴,伙计,小伙子
      5) lisp  n. 咬舌
      6) tenor  n. 要旨,大意
      7) lad  n. 少年,青年男子,<口>伙计,家伙(呢称)
      8) nah  ad. [美俚] = no
      9) y'see = you see,你明白的,你知道的
      10) havin' = having
      11) roundabout  n. 迂回,转圈;兜圈子的话
      12) gotta  [美俚] = have got to
      13) ain't  prep. 不是
      14) constable  n. 治安官,警官,巡官
      15) sergeant  n. 警官,军士
      16) chap  n. 家伙,小伙子
      17) shaven  a. 修过脸的,刮过脸的
      18) ridiculous  a. 荒谬的,可笑的
      Advertising English Tips
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      2. "I've a great respect for the sun. I believe in the sun." He also has a thing about trees. And in the embers of a wood-burning 5)stove, he sees a power plant of the future. "Fossil fuels, on their own, can't be the answer." He believes that almost half our energy could one day come from 6)renewable sources, like 7)solar 8)panels, and 9)sustainable forests. He's been called a dreamer and a 10)crank. "And I've been called a hippie." And more recently, a project manager for Shell.
      3. 11)Dengue fever is 12)transmitted by Aedes albopictus, a mosquito commonly found in Hong Kong. To prevent local transmission of the disease, mosquito-breeding places must be eliminated. Containers that can hold water, such as empty soft-drink cans, and empty lunchboxes, must be 13)disposed of properly. Disused tires placed in the open should be 14)punctured or wrapped up to avoid water 15)accumulation. Let's remove 16)stagnant water. Eliminate mosquitoes for healthy living.
      4. Olympus. Congratulations! Olympus youth series has reached 20 million cameras sold.  Within the promotion period, get a special free gift with every purchase of selected Olympus cameras or digital recorders. 17)Distributed by the Hong Kong sole agent. Don't miss it!
      5. Ohh ... hoo ... If you want to be the best ... Oh, what a great 18)mattress! It's so comfortable I want to fall down again. Ohh ... So comfy it must be the A-Fontaine Echo bed. Made of airo-foam and natural fiber, it provides great support and eliminates pressure. Wow, and it even has 19)ventilation holes. It's so cool! It's that comfy let me on it. So comfortable the A Fontaine Echo bed.
      6. Enjoy fresh milk from the lush green pastures of Australia. Ahhuh...Master's Purer, direct from Australia's number one fresh 20)dairy. You can taste the natural goodness in Master's Purer' fresh milk. Master's Purer so fresh (Moo) it's moo-fresh!
      7. Miele's revolutionary 21)honeycombed 22)drum takes care of even your most delicate items. And when we say delicate, we mean delicate. Miele, anything else is a compromise.
      1) seek  v. 寻找,寻求
      2) financial  a. 财政的,金融的
      3) blessing  n. 恩赐,祝福
      4) underestimate  v. 低估,看轻
      5) stove  n. 炉子
      6) renewable  a. 可恢复的,可更新的
      7) solar  a. 太阳的,太阳能的
      8) panel  n. 面板,仪表板
      9) sustainable  a. 足可支撑的,养得起的
      10) crank  n. 妄想家
      11) Dengue fever 登革热,通常是由白纹伊蚊传播的,是一种由过滤性病毒引起的急性传染病,常见于热带和亚热带地区,包括东南亚、南亚、太平洋区、非洲、中美洲及南美洲。
      12) transmit  v. 传播,遗传;传输,传送
      13) dispose  v. 处理,除去
      14) puncture  v. 刺穿
      15) accumulation  n. 积聚,堆积物
      16) stagnant  a. 迟钝的,停滞的
      17) distribute  v. 分布,分配
      18) mattress  n. 床垫
      19) ventilation  n. 通风,流通空气
      20) dairy  n. 牛奶场,奶品场
      21) honeycombed  a. 蜂窝结构的
      22) drum  n. 鼓状物(如桶、筒)
      Eliminating Bad English Speaking Habits
      I say "um" too much
      1)Vocalized pauses or 2)fillers, including "um", "uh" and "ah", and their close relatives, "like", "you know", and "okay?", are some of the most common concerns brought to a speech 3)consultant. We don't, uh, want to, uh, get to, um, 4)picky here, since one to three percent of everyone's speech normally contains hesitations. And folks like Bobby and Ted Kennedy have spoken successfully in public life despite long "aahhh" pauses. However, a bad case of "umm it is" makes you annoying to listen to. So, why do so many of us "um" along in life?  Most often, vocalized pauses function as a way to fill up space as we 5)formulate the next thought. Though old habits take some time to break, it is possible to 6)banish the "ums" and "uhs" forever.
      Here are some tips for "um" and "uh" 7)extermination.
      First, spend a week observing your "um" and "uh" pattern. Just becoming aware of the 8)dimension of the problem, helps you to cut down.
      Second, practice deliberately inserting one or two-second pauses into your speech. Many people who "um" their listeners to 9)distraction, don't realize that short silences are less 10)obtrusive and perfectly acceptable.
      Third, your goal is to allow a slight pause instead of that unnecessary vocalizing. Try to catch the start of your "ums" and "uhs". You can actually feel the movement in your vocal 11)chords. 12)Nip them in the bud and just be silent instead.
      I talk too fast
      Some fast talkers come from families where there's a lot of competition for the floor. Others come from families that seem to have a genetic speed streak. They walk fast, work fast, and also talk fast. Some people race-talk because they feel no one really wants to listen to them. Finally, rapid speech can be a sign of stress. The good news about fast talking is that studies show that listeners prefer a faster-than-average rate to a slower-than-average rate. The bad news is that speaking at 13)breakneck speed, can leave a negative impression.
      If you are talking so fast that people find you hard to understand, start slowing down your speech with this technique. Count, one two, in your head at natural pauses between phrases, sentences and items in a list. The extra second will help you control your breathing better and allow time for listeners to absorb what you've said.
      In this next example, I'll say the one two aloud. But when you practice it, do the one two silently. "I'm glad to be meeting you today (one two). Before we get on with our agenda, (one two), I'd like to ask each of you (one two) to introduce yourself, (one two), and to tell us a bit about your company. Practice the "one two technique" when reading a newspaper or magazine article aloud. Use a tape recorder to double check that you've really allowed the pause it takes to say. (one two)
      一、 花一个星期的时间观察你“嗯”、“啊”的模式,稍稍了解问题的轻重缓急有助于减少它的发生次数。
      二、 有意识地练习在你的言语中加入一、两秒钟的停顿。许多把听众“嗯”走神的人没有想到,短暂的沉默不但不易察觉而且完全可以接受。
      三、 你的目标是允许轻微的停顿而不是那多余的发声。试着捕捉你“嗯”、“啊”的前奏,你能真真切切地感受到声带的擅动。把它们消灭在萌芽中然后转为沉默就行了。
      1) vocalized  a. 有声的
      2) filler  n. 填充物
      3) consultant  n. 顾问,咨询者
      4) picky  a. 吹毛求疵的,好挑剔的,过分讲究的
      5) formulate  v. 阐明
      6) banish  v. 消除,驱除
      7) extermination  n. 消灭,根绝
      8) dimension  n. 范围,程度
      9) distraction  n. 分心,走神
      10) obtrusive  a. 突出的,显著的
      11) chord  n. 发声,和音
      12) nip them in the bud 将某事物阻止或消除于萌芽中
      13) breakneck  a. 非常快的
      Tony Talk (1)
      Tony Provolone: Hello and welcome again to another edition of Tony Talk. I'm Tony Provolone and with me today is guest Hiram. Hi Hiram, how are you?
      Hiram: Hey, what's up cat!
      TP: Hiram, why don't you tell us what's your name and what are you doing in China?
      H: Well, you know, my full name is Hiram Finnegan O'Connor Jezebel Sullivan Chu. I've done a whole bunch of jobs like a typical foreigner I guess. I've taught, I've danced and now I'm at Crazy English working here with all the other editors and writers and you TP.
      TP: So what's been the most satisfying of all the work that you've done in China so far?
      H: Well, I mean, I love all the high-quality editing that goes on here at Crazy English, but I think the food and the fashion and the friendship and that doesn't even include the things outside of Crazy English.
      TP: Let's talk a little bit more about CE. What's it like working for this conglomerate English language learning company?
      H: Well, you know, it's a powerful, powerful organization, and so you have to be careful about what you do sometimes, but overall it's a great place to work and I enjoy working there very much.
      TP: So what kind of things do you do at CE?
      H: Well, I do a whole bunch of different things. I do some editing, I do some voice recording and sometimes some writing, reading. I basically do a lot of little things here that need to be done.
      TP: What do you like to do once you're outside of work when you're finished?
      H: Well, you know, I like to read Crazy English like all the other employees here. But I also like to go and see the other restaurants here in Guangzhou, since you know the food here is pretty good, I think, probably some of the best in China, and just visit some of the natural scenery surrounding Guangzhou.
      TP: Do you like the food here?
      H: It's good it's really different from say Shanghai or Beijing style, so it's a good contrast.
      TP: Um, do you have any recommendations for our readers since you're one of the editors here, and you see some of the work that we do and that they're reading?
      H: Yeah, I hope that the readers enjoy Crazy English and that it helps them improve their English by listening and reading the magazine at the same time, and I encourage people to continue to write letters to the editors. All the editors like receiving letters here and it's a good way to practice your English and don't be afraid to make any mistakes.
      TP: Thank you very much for coming in here! We know that you're a busy editor. You're at your desk all day editing and we appreciate your time. And we hope to see you again next time, and don't forget the next time you're reading Crazy English think about all us editors who are slaving away for your benefit.
      Let Me Be The One
      by Plus One
      Under the silver stars
      Anywhere you are
      Near or far you are close to me
      When you don't understand
      And when you think nobody cares
      I'll be the friend and the hope you need
      Let me be the one
      Leading you through the night
      Sharing the smiles and tears you cry
      Let me be the one
      Loving you when you're weak
      For all of the strength you need
      You can come to me
      When you're down and you feel so lonely
      Turn around
      You can come to me
      When you're down you know I will be the only
      Come to me
      I will be by your side
      When you wanna break down and cry
      I'll make you promises you can believe
      The kind of love you can trust
      For escape from hopelessness, yeah
      Don't you know that you can come to me
      I believe beyond
      The setting of the sun
      At the end of the day
      My love stays for you
      My love stays
      A Reason, Season, or Lifetime
      People come into your life for a reason, a season, or a lifetime. When you 1)figure out which one it is, you will know what to do for each person.
      When someone is in your life for a REASON, it is usually to meet a need you have expressed. They have come to assist you through a difficulty, to provide you with guidance and support, to aid you physically, emotionally, or 2)spiritually. They are there for the reason you need them to be. Then, without any 3)wrongdoing on your part, or at an inconvenient time, this person will say or do something to bring the relationship to an end. Sometimes they walk away. Sometimes they act up and force you to 4)take a stand. Sometimes they die. What we must realize is that our need has been met, our desire fulfilled, their work is done. Your need has been answered, and now it is time to move on.
      When people come into your life for a SEASON, it is because your turn has come to share, grow, or learn. They bring you an experience of peace, or make you laugh. They may teach you something you have never done. They usually give you an unbelievable amount of joy. Believe it! It is real! But, only for a season.
      LIFETIME relationships teach you lifetime lessons; things you must build upon in order to have a solid emotional foundation. Your job is to accept the lesson, love the person, and put what you have learned to use in all other relationships and areas of your life. It is said that love is blind but friendship is 5)clairvoyant.
      1) figure out 想到,断定
      2) spiritually  adv. 精神上地
      3) wrongdoing  n. 坏事,不道德行为
      4) take a stand 坚持原则、立场
      5) clairvoyant  a. 有洞察力的
      Written by Pablo Neruda
      Read by Andy Garcia
      Tonight I can write the saddest lines.
      Write, for example, "The night is shattered
      and the blue stars shiver in the distance."
      The night wind 1)revolves in the sky and sings.
      Tonight I can write the saddest lines.
      And I loved her, and sometimes she loved me too.
      Through nights like this one I held her in my arms.
      I kissed her again and again under the endless sky.
      She loved me and sometimes I loved her too.
      How could one not have loved her great still eyes?
      Tonight I can write the saddest lines.
      To think that I do not have her, to feel that I have lost her.
      To hear the 2)immense night, still more immense without her.
      And the 3)verse falls to the soul like dew to the 4)pasture.
      What does it matter that my love could not keep her?
      The night is shattered and she is not with me.
      This is all. In the distance someone is singing. In the distance.
      My soul is not satisfied that it has lost her.
      My sight searches for her as though to go to her.
      My heart looks for her, and she is not with me.
      The same night, 5)whitening the same trees.
      We, of that time, are no longer the same.
      I no longer love her, that's certain, but how I loved her.
      My voice tried to find the wind to touch her hearing.
      Another's. She will be another's. Like my kisses before.
      Her voice, her bright body. Her 6)infinite eyes.
      I no longer love her, that's certain, but maybe I love her.
      Love is so short, forgetting is so long.
      Because through nights like this one I held her in my arms
      my soul is not satisfied that it has lost her.
      Though this be the last pain that she makes me suffer
      And these the last verses that I write for her.
      1) revolve  v. 循环出现
      2) immense  a. 无边的,极广大的
      3) verse  n. 诗节,诗句
      4) pasture  n. 牧地,草原
      5) whiten  v. 使白,变白
      6) infinite  a. 无穷的,无垠的
      Me and Choir
      It's a Monday morning and Monday is choir day.
      And after lunch, those of us who are members of the choir will all sit in the lunchroom after lunch and Miss Falconer will come and she will drill us in 3 songs that she has been drilling us in since Feb'ore for the All-District 1)Choral Concert in May. Songs that we now sing even worse than when we began.
      Because she is such a beautiful lady, she is so elegant, she is like a 2)Duchess in this town and not like our mothers at all. She wears suits, 3)tailored suits, and blouses with white 4)ruffles in the front. She is like a lady from a magazine and when she looks at us, especially us 5)tenors, we can't bear to look at her. We look down at our feet. And she says, "Look at me!" She says, "How do you expect to sing in time to the music if you don't look at me?"
      But 6)rhythm is not our problem in the tenor section. We do 7)drag a little bit, but notes are our problem. And the reason that we drag is that each one of us in the tenor section is waiting to hear the person next to him sing the note.
      So we can get up. Each of us trying to sing a little softer than the boy next to him. Because though we are tenors, 8)we are in the last few months of our tenor voices, and they are undependable. But she looks at us week after week every Monday, and says, "This is not that hard, tenors. Children, this is not that hard."
      But it is hard! She has picked 3 songs by 3 foreign composers with one name. "Serenade" by Toste. "Aulto Papiaty" by Del Monte. And the worst of all, "April is in My Mistress' Face" by Morley.
      "This is not that hard, children. Now, watch me. And 1, 2, 3-" And we sing again, worse than ever and she stops us and Mrs. Oldberg, our kind teacher, says, "Maybe they would do better on 'The Red River Valley'. " And Miss Falconer says, "You can't sing cowboy songs all your life. Music is work, like anything else; you have to work at it. Now children, this is not that hard." And she brings a recording of an English boys choir, singing "April is in My Mistress' Face". And she plays it over and over again -- their perfect little 9)flutey voices "April is in my Mistress' face, and July in her eyes have place; within her bosom lies September; but in her heart a cold December."
      This elegant lady looks at us, and she says, "Tenors, I want you to sing your part so that I know you have it... one by one." I am the third from the end. Russell sings first, he has an advantage, he takes piano. He does pretty good. And then Jerry Swedeen. And then she looks at me. And I say, "I don't feel well." "Sing," she says, "stand up and sing." "I really don't feel well." And the truth is that I don't. She says, "If you're well enough to be in school, you're well enough to sing." And I think I'll never be that well, but I stand up and sing.
      "April is in my mistress' face, and July in her eyes have place; within her... lies September; and in her heart a cold December." And sit down, looking at the 10)alto's and the 11)soprano's sitting there 12)smirking at me, and all of them singing "nah nah nah naaah", and go home in disgrace.
      1) choral  n. 合唱队的
      2) Duchess  n. 女公爵,公爵夫人
      3) tailored  a. 剪裁讲究的
      4) ruffle  n. (鸟等)颈上的一圈毛,摺边
      5) tenor  n. 男高音
      6) rhythm  n. 节奏,韵律
      7) drag  v. 拖拉
      8) 这句话的意思是男孩们正处于变声期。
      9) flutey  a. 柔软清澈的声音
      10) alto  n. 女低音
      11) soprano  n. 女高音
      12) smirk  v. 傻笑,假笑,得意地笑
      (Scene 1: Before there was a Spider-Man, there was Peter Parker, a senior at Midtown High School in Queens, New York. Peter has pined for the lovely girl next door, Mary Jane Watson, ever since he was 6.)
      Peter: Who am I? You sure you want to know? The story of my life is not for the 1)faint of heart. If somebody said it was a happy little tale, if somebody told you I was just an average ordinary guy, not a care in the world, somebody lied. But let me assure you, this, like any story worth telling, is all about a girl. That girl. The girl next door. Mary Jane Watson. The woman I've loved since before I even liked girls.
      Mary Jane Watson (short for MJ): Were you listening to that?
      Peter: No, well, I heard but I was just taking out the 2)trash.
      MJ: I guess you can always hear us.
      Peter: Well, everybody shouts.
      MJ: Your aunt and uncle don't.
      Peter: They can scream pretty good sometimes. Listen, MJ, about today at school with Flash...
      MJ: You really 3)freaked us out.
      Peter: I'm sorry. Is he OK?
      MJ: He's just happy you didn't give him a 4)black eye for graduation. So where are you going after you graduate?
      Peter: I... I want to move into the city, and hopefully get a job as a photographer, work my way through college. What about you?
      MJ: Headed for the city, too. Can't wait to get out of here. Wanna...
      Peter: What? Well, come on, try me.
      MJ: I wanna act on stage.
      Peter: Really? Well, that's perfect. You're 5)awesome in all the school plays.
      MJ: Really?
      Peter: Yeah! I cried like a baby when you played Cinderella.
      MJ: Peter, that was first grade.
      Peter: Well, even so, sometimes, you know people. You can just see what's coming.
      MJ: What do you see coming for you?
      Peter: I don't know. Whatever it is, it's something I've never felt before.
      MJ: And what for me?
      Peter: For you? You are going to light up Broadway.
      MJ: You know, you're taller than you look.
      Peter: I hunch.
      MJ: Don't.
      Flash (MJ's Boyfriend): Hey, MJ, come take a ride in my new birthday present! Come on!
      MJ: I gotta go.
      Peter: Bye.
      (Scene 2: Orphaned at an early age, Peter Parker lives with his beloved Aunt May and Uncle Ben. One day, Uncle Ben offers to drive Peter school.)
      Peter: Thanks for the ride, Uncle...
      Uncle: No, wait a minute, Peter, we... we need to talk.
      Peter: Well, we can talk later.
      Uncle: Well, we can talk now if you let me.
      Peter: What do we have to talk about? Why now?
      Uncle: Because we haven't talked at all for so long, your Aunt May and I don't even know who you are anymore. You 6)shirk your 7)chores; you have all those 8)weird experiments in your room; you start fights at school.
      Peter: I didn't start that fight, I told you that.
      Uncle: Well, you sure as hell finished it.
      Peter: What was I supposed to do? Run away?
      Uncle: No, no, you're not supposed to run away but Pete, look, you're changing, I know, I went through exactly the same thing at your age.
      Peter: No, not exactly.
      Uncle: Peter, these are the years when a man changes into the man he's going to become the rest of his life. Just be careful who you change into. This guy, Flash Thompson, he probably deserved what happened. But just because you can beat him up doesn't give you the right to. Remember, with great power comes great responsibility.
      Peter: Are you afraid that I'm going to turn into some kind of 9)criminal? Quit worrying about me, ok? Something's different. I'll figure it out. Stop 10)lecturing me please.
      Uncle: I don't mean to lecture and I don't mean to 11)preach, and I know I'm not your father.
      Peter: Then stop pretending to be.
      Uncle: Right... I'll pick you up here at ten.
      (Scene 3: Peter discovers that he has unusual powers soon after he is bitten by a genetically altered spider, and he uses his powers to fight crime. That makes him a hero.)
      Chief Editor: Who is Spiderman? He's a criminal, that's who is! A 12)vigilante, a public 13)menace! What's he doing on my front page?
      Secretary: Mr. Jameson, your wife is on line one, she needs to know if you....
      Editor 1: Mr. Jameson, we have a page 6 problem.
      Chief Editor: We have a page 1 problem, shut up!
      Editor 1: Right.
      Chief Editor: Well...
      Editor 2: He's news.
      Editor 3: If they're really important, clients, they can't wait.
      Chief Editor: They're about to.
      Editor 3: He pulled 6 people off that subway car.
      Chief Editor: Sure, from a wreck he probably caused. Something goes wrong and this 14)creepy 15)crawler is there. Look at that! He's fleeing the scene! What's that tell ya?
      Editor 3: He's not fleeing, he's probably going to save somebody else. He's a hero!
      Chief Editor: Then why does he wear a mask, hum? What's he got to hide?
      Secretary: She just needs to know if you want the chintz or the chenille in the dining room.
      Chief Editor: Whichever one's cheaper!
      Editor 1: Mr. Jameson, it's like this. We double-booked page 6, see, so both Macy's and Connoway's both have the 3/4 of the same page.
      Editor 2: We sold out four printings.
      Chief Editor: Sold out?
      Editor 2: Every copy.
      Chief Editor: Tomorrow morning, Spiderman, page 1 with a decent picture this time. Move Connoway to page 7.
      Editor 1: This is apartment page.
      Chief Editor: Make it page 8 and give them 10% off... make it 5%.
      Editor 1: That can't be done.
      Chief Editor: Get out of here!
      Editor 3: Problem is we don't have a decent picture, Eddie's been on it for weeks, we can barely get a glimpse of him.
      Chief Editor: Aaww, what, is he shy? If we can get a picture of Julia Roberts in a thong, we can certainly get a picture of this weirdo. Put an ad in the front page. Cash money for a picture of Spiderman. He doesn't want to be famous? Then I'll make him 16)infamous!
      (Scene 4: After exposure to an experimental nerve gas, Norman Osborn, a scientist and businessman, develops an alternate personality himself: the super-strong, psychotic Green Goblin. In order to infuriate Peter, Green Goblin terrifies Aunt May to hospitalize. MJ comes and visits Aunt May.)
      Peter: How are you? Are you OK about the other night?
      MJ: Yea, I'm fine. I just feel bad about leaving Aunt May. Have you talked to Harry? He called me, I haven't called him back. The fact is, I'm in love with somebody else.
      Peter: You are?
      MJ: At least I think I am. It's not the right time to talk about it.
      Peter: No, no, go on. Would I know his name, this guy?
      MJ: You think I'm a stupid little girl with a 17)crush.
      Peter: Trust me.
      MJ: It's funny. He saved my life twice and I've never even seen his face.
      Peter: Oh, him.
      MJ: You're laughing!
      Peter: No, no, no, I understand, he is extremely cool.
      MJ: But do you think it's true, all the terrible things they say about him?
      Peter: No, no, not Spiderman, not a chance in the world. I know him a little bit. I'm sort of his un-official photographer.
      MJ: Has he mentioned me?
      Peter: Yeah!
      MJ: And what did he say?
      Peter: Err, I said... He asked me what I thought about you.
      MJ: And what did you say?
      Peter: I said, "Spiderman," I said, "the great thing about MJ is when you look in her eyes and she is looking back in yours, everything feels not quite normal because you feel stronger and weaker at the same time. You feel excited and at the same time terrified. The truth is, you don't know what you feel. Except you know what kind of man you want to be. It's as if you've reached the unreachable and you weren't ready for it.
      MJ: You said that?
      Peter: Oh, something like that.
      (After MJ Leaves)
      Aunt May: Go home, dear, you look awful.
      Peter: And you look beautiful.
      Aunt May: Well, thank you.
      Peter: I don't like to leave you here.
      Aunt May: But I am safe here.
      Peter: Can I do anything for you?
      Aunt May: You do too much -- college job, a job, all this time with me. You're not Superman, you know. A smile finally, I haven't one of those on your face since Mary Jane was here.
      Peter: Hey, you were supposed to be asleep!
      Aunt May: You know you were about 6 years old when MJ's family moved in next door. And when she got out of the car and you saw her for the first time, you grabbed me and said, "Aunt May, Aunt May, is that an angel?"
      Peter: Gee, did I say that?
      Aunt May: You sure did.
      Peter: Ahh... Harry's in love with her. She's still his girl.
      Aunt May: Well, isn't that up to her?
      Peter: She doesn't really know who I am.
      Aunt May: Because you won't let her. You are so mysterious all the time. Tell me, would it be so dangerous to let Mary Jane know how much you care? Everybody else knows!
      Peter: I'll be right back!
      (Ringing MJ)
      Peter: Oh, come on. Pick up. Hey, MJ, it's...
      MJ's Answering Machine: Hi! This is MJ, sing a song at the 18)beep.
      Peter: MJ, it's Peter, you are there? Hello? You are there? Well, I'm just calling to check up on you. Will you call me when you get in? OK? All right, well, don't go up any dark alleys...Hello?
      Green Goblin: Ah ha ha ha. Can Spiderman come out to play?
      Peter: Where is she?
      (  场景一:故事开始时还没有蜘蛛侠,只有名叫彼德·帕克的高中生,他在纽约皇后区的城中中学念书。并且他早在六岁起就爱慕着邻家女孩玛丽·简·沃森。)
      1) faint  n. 晕阙,虚弱
      2) trash  n. 垃圾,废物
      3) freak out 极度兴奋,行为反常
      4) black eye 名誉扫地,臭名昭著
      5) awesome  a. 令人敬畏的
      6) shirk  v. 逃避,推卸
      7) chore  n. 家务杂事
      8) weird  a. 怪异的
      9) criminal  n. 犯罪者
      10) lecture  v. 训诫
      11) preach  v. 说教
      12) vigilante  n. 义务警员
      13) menace  n. 危险物
      14) creepy  a. 爬行的
      15) crawler  n. 爬行者
      16) infamous  a. 声名狼藉的
      17) crush  n. 迷恋,迷恋的对象
      18) beep  n. 哔哔响
      The Marketing Strategies of Hollywood
      Consuello: Be prepared for a Hollywood holiday 1)blitz! The season is getting its 2)kick-off with one of the most 3)anticipated films this weekend. Harry Potter and the Chamber of Secrets is the 4)sequel to the wildly successful Harry Potter and the Sorcerer's Stone, which sold 971 million dollars worth of tickets world-wide. But this year's holiday offerings are 5)wrapped in more marketing tie-ins than ever, designed to pack you into theatres as well as into stores. Are they worth the price of admission? Joining us is the Wall Street Journal's Hollywood 6)columnist, Tom King. Tom, good to see you.
      King: Good to see you, Consuella.
      Consuello: Now look, I learned from your column that the New James Bond movie, Die Another Day, will have some 24 different tie-ins. What is going on here?
      King: Yikes! Look out, Consuella and all you other movie-goers out there! MGM, I think, is setting some kind of record here by 7)lining up so many marketing companies to help it promote its movies. Not only are they hooking up with Finlandia Vodka and Aspen-Martin cars, but they've also made promotional tie-in arrangements with Samsonite Luggage, and Circuit City.
      Consuello: Why are they doing this, Tom?
      King: Well, the studios look to these marketers to help them market their movies. In a very competitive holiday movie season, the studios have to spend an awful lot of money on television advertising to open their pictures. And to 8)break through the 9)clutter, they turn to these other marketers and have them write out some cheques and spend some of their money to help them promote their films.
      Consuello: Right. Now MGM's new Bond movie is one extreme. But you reported that Miramax's Pinocchio, starring Roberto Bennini of Life is Beautiful fame, is taking a different tack only three promotional partners. Why is it limiting their partners?
      King: Well, if you listen to Miramax, they say that they think that if you line up 24 different promotional partners, that it will 10)backfire -- that movie-goers sense that as a real marketing 11)avalanche and that it's a turn-off to them. So Miramax said they turned only to McDonald's, FAO Schwartz, and Langer's Juice, so it's a much more conservative campaign there.
      Consuello: Sounds like a balancing act between Hollywood and the marketers. Tom King, thanks for joining us.
      King: Thank you.
      金:嗳!注意了,康休洛和影迷们!米高梅又刷新记录了,它找到更多商家来帮忙宣传新片。这回它的搭销伙伴不仅Finlandia Vodka和Aspen-Martin汽车,还有Samsonite Luggage和Circuit City。
      金:这个,不知你听过米拉麦克斯的说法没有,他们说如果一口气起用24个不同商家来做宣传,会起相反的作用--影迷们一旦察觉到宣传之势排山倒海,就会心生排斥。所以米拉麦克斯说他们只找了麦当劳、FAO Schwartz和Langer's Juice,保守地进行竞争。
      1) blitz  n. 闪电战
      2) kick-off  n. 开始
      3) anticipated  a.期望的
      4) sequel  n. 续集,续编
      5) wrap  v. 包装的
      6) columnist  n. 专栏作家
      7) line up 排列,安排
      8) break through 打破,突破
      9) clutter  n. 混乱
      10) backfire  n. 相反作用
      11) avalanche  n. 雪崩,崩落
      Leonardo DiCaprio
      -- His Living Fantasy
      Leonardo DiCaprio was born November 11, 1974, in Los Angeles, California, to Ermeline and George DiCaprio. And from the very beginning, his parents knew Leonardo would be special.
      Victoria Looseleaf (writer): Yes, the legend is, in fact, true. Leonardo was a very 1)determined boy. In fact, he was so determined that while George and Ermeline were visiting the Ufficci Gallery in Florence and 2)gazing upon one of these 3)fabulous Leonardo DaVinci masterpieces, Ermeline was pregnant and she felt some kicks from the unborn boy. They decided, would it be a boy, they would name him Leonardo. And I'd like to say, "Yes, a masterpiece was born".
      In 1996, film-maker James Cameron, best known for directing films like The Terminator and Aliens, began realizing his dream of bringing the 4)epic story of the Titanic to the big screen. But although Leo cheerfully accepted the chance to 5)audition for the role of Jack Dawson, a third-class passenger who falls in love with an 6)aristocratic beauty, he was concerned that the film might be more of a 7)showcase for special effects than for his acting ability.
      Steven Smith (writer): He was interested, but he was very 8)reluctant to say "yes" to this movie. He was very reluctant because he was afraid this was going to be a big blockbuster commercial movie that wouldn't give the actors very much to do.
      At the audition, DiCaprio performed brilliantly. And Cameron was convinced that Leonardo could 9)convey the 10)blend of 11)impetuousness and sensitivity he was looking for. But overcoming DiCaprio's concerns about the part proved no easy task.
      Steven Smith: James Cameron said that he auditioned Leo for 15 minutes. Leo auditioned him for three months. He really just couldn't make up his mind. And finally James Cameron said, "Look, you may think that this is not a difficult role, you may think that this is just a nice typical hero role, but it's not." And that's when he got Leo's attention. And, in fact, later Leo said that this was an extremely difficult part for him to play because it was the closest role he had had to himself.
      Co-starring as Leonardo's love interest in the film, was British actress Kate Winslet.
      Steven Smith: Fortunately, Leo had a tremendous 12)ally in his co-star, Kate Winslet. They really 13)hit it off. DiCaprio said that it wasn't a romantic relationship, but it was a great friendship. They seemed to have a good kind of teasing side with each other, they got through their love scene with a lot of laughs, and evidently they both kept each other 14)sane during this process.
      Kate Winslet: It sounds really nuts to say this, but we are really like brother and sister. And we shared so much, I mean on a personal level. He's got lots of my secrets and I've got heaps of his and I'd never tell a soul.
      After six 15)grueling months, Titanic completed shooting in March of 1997. And when it was released to movie theatres just nine months later, it quickly became the most successful film in history, eventually earning nearly 2 billion dollars world-wide. Overnight, Leonardo DiCaprio was catapulted from teen heart-throb to international superstar. But it was a change he greeted with mixed emotions.
      Leonardo DiCaprio: It's surreal and I'm just getting used to it. I mean I don't have a perfect answer for it 'cause I don't really know, you know. This is all sort of new to me.
      Steven Smith: Titanic really sealed the fate of Leonardo DiCaprio in some ways that I think he isn't entirely happy with. Of course he was thrilled that the movie was so successful. With Titanic, Leonardo DiCaprio has given up a large part of his privacy, the privacy that is very important to him.
      Leonardo DiCaprio: I've taken sort of two roles that have definitely like jumped up my popularity curve, for whatever reasons, so I'm adjusting to it. I mean, it's cool, but... we'll see how it is.
      Steven Smith: For Leo's fans, the most 16)disastrous event of 1998 was his failure to get an Oscar 17)nomination for Titanic. And I don't think that Leonardo DiCaprio is losing sleep over his failure to get an Oscar nomination. He is doing this because he has to. This is what he does. This is what he was put on the planet to do.
      But as the public's 18)ongoing 19)infatuation with all things, Leo shows no signs of slowing down. The talented young actor's seems to determined to keep his head on straight to take the 20)adulation in stride.
      Leonardo DiCaprio: I'd always dreamed that I'd, you know, be an actor and be doing well. That's, I mean I always had fantasies about that, for sure, yeah.
      Critic: I think, because he is so truly talented, we will actually watch in him grow as an actor. And that's the thing about Leonardo is that he has an endless capacity to grow as an actor.
      1) determined  a. 很有决心的
      2) gaze upon 看
      3) fabulous  a. 惊人的,难以置信的
      4) epic  a. 壮丽的,大规模的
      5) audition  n. 试镜
      6) aristocratic  a. 贵族的
      7) showcase  n. 陈列橱,显示优点的东西
      8) reluctant  a. 不情愿的
      9) convey  v. 传达
      10) blend  n. 不同种类的混合物
      11) impetuousness  n. 冲动
      12) ally  n. 同盟者,盟友
      13) hit off 相投,相处得好
      14) sane  a. 神智清楚的
      15) grueling  a. 使人精疲力竭的
      16) disastrous  a. 悲伤的
      17) nomination  n. 提名
      18) ongoing  a. 正在进行的
      19) infatuation  n. 醉心
      20) adulation  n. 奉承
      Nicole Kidman
      -- Growing out of Love
      Kidman: I didn't think that I was ever going to have the success that I have now. I'm very surprised. I go in to see my 1)agent that other day, I said, "Can you believe this?"  This is kinda like "wow"!
      Interviewer: Do you think that being Mrs. Tom Cruise in any way hurt your career?
      Kidman: What does it matter? It was, I mean, hurt it? I had a life with him. I spent a decade of my life with him and loved him. Still, we'll always, you know, I mean, when you spend that amount of time with someone, they are with you. So therefore, when you say, well, did it hurt your career, who cares? That's what I wanted.
      Interviewer: I've read that you put your career on the 2)back burner and allowed his career to be more important to you than your own.
      Kidman: Yeah, of course. He earned way more money than me.
      Interviewer: Did you feel you were being held back?
      Kidman: I don't look at it that way.
      Interviewer: You said, in that period of time, you can't have it all. But you are. You're having a huge career and you're raising two children alone.
      Kidman: Yeah, I am doing it and I suppose that's why, I mean, I'm tired.
      She thought she was 3)gawky and her hair was too 4)frizzy, her skin too pale. And 5)overall, that she was too tall.
      Kidman: I was teased, really teased.
      Interviewer: How tall are you?
      Kidman: I'm five ten and a half, but I think now maybe I've grown half an inch and I'm five eleven. I was this height when I was thirteen years old, which is really hard. Hard...
      Interviewer: Yeah. There's not one guy in your whole school who was as tall as you.
      Kidman: Oh no. They all came up to here. It was awful.
      Interviewer: Did you feel like ...
      Kidman: Yeah, I had this thing where I liked to say "I'm not big" then because everyone goes, "Oh you're such a big girl. " "No, no, I'm not big, I'm not big."
      It's been an issue in her career. Going back to her American debut in Days of Thunder. She was afraid that she was too tall to get the part opposite the star, Tom Cruise. She not only got the part, she got the man.
      Interviewer: Was it love at first sight? One look?
      Kidman: Not one look, but it was pretty powerful. You fall madly in love and that was sort of, you know, that was my love of my life, so that was a big thing.
      Interviewer: It started good.
      Kidman: Very good.
      Nicole Kidman and Tom Cruise got married a year after they met. There were rumours that he, and perhaps she, too, were gay. Rumours they both denied. Nicole insists theirs was a real marriage.
      Kidman: Love is an emotion that is so 6)compelling and 7)overwhelming and 8)intoxicating and extraordinary and they're right -- movies and books and songs, and we all know why.
      But just as her career was beginning to 9)take off, her private life 10)crashed. After ten years, Tom Cruise asked for a divorce, saying only, "Nicole knows why." Nicole 11)fell apart.
      Kidman: That was a terrible, terrible time in my life and a lot of things happened. Umm, in terms of my health, everything...
      Interviewer: You had a 12)miscarriage.
      Kidman: ... which I don't even want to talk about. Everything 13)crumbled at the same time and that's when you go, but if someone else is sitting out there now watching and saying, "I don't think I'm gonna 14)get through", ... you can.
      She says that now, but back then she was so 15)devastated. She says she couldn't get out of bed and didn't stop crying until her mother arrived from Australia.
      Kidman: You know, you cry and my mom would say, "What are you crying about? Get up, stop complaining, and move on. Life goes on, girl."
      Interviewer: Do you blame yourself?
      Kidman: Well, of course there's two people to blame here. I mean there's a whole story behind, oh, everything and it's not, it's certainly not for public 16)scrutiny.
      Even with the great roles, the 17)triumphant success, the talk of more and more Oscar nominations, Nicole Kidman admits she's lonely.
      Kidman: Do I want to be alone? No. I would love to have... I would love that. Do I feel slightly embarrassed saying that on television? Oh, I sound like a 18)wallflower. It's like I would love to meet somebody. I'd love to be 19)swept off my feet. I mean to have those goose-bumps and that feeling in your stomach when you just go "Ahh!" Please, that would be fun. That would be lovely.
      1) agent  n. 经纪人
      2) back burner 一时非优先的地位,从属地位
      3) gawky  a. 迟钝的,笨拙的
      4) frizzy  a. 卷曲的
      5) overall  adv. 总地来说
      6) compelling  a. 强制的,强迫的
      7) overwhelming  a. 无法抵抗的
      8) intoxicating  a. 醉人的
      9) take off 开始成功,开始好转
      10) crash  v. 坠落,坠毁
      11) fall apart 散架,崩溃
      12) miscarriage  n. 流产
      13) crumble  v. 粉碎,崩溃
      14) get through 穿过,通过
      15) devastated  a. 毁坏的
      16) scrutiny  n. 详细审查
      17) triumphant  a. 胜利的,成功的
      18) wallflower  n. 舞会中没有舞伴而坐着看的女子
      19) sweep off 冲击
      Al Gore
      Interviewer: Are you or are you not going to run in 2004?
      Gore: Well, I've decided not to run and I...
      Interviewer: You've decided not to run?
      Gore: I've decided that I will not be a candidate for President in 2004. My family all gathered here in New York City over the last few days and I found that... I've come to 1)closure on this. I don't think it's the right thing for me to be a candidate in 2004.
      Interviewer: Well, I think a lot of people are just going to be 2)bowled over. You're not a candidate. You've been looking like a candidate. Tell us how you have arrived at what, I think, is gonna be a 3)stunning, really surprising decision?
      Gore: Well, I've run for President twice and there are many other exciting ways to serve. I intend to remain actively involved in politics. I want to help whoever the Democratic Party's nominee is in 2004 to win the election. I'm going to explore a lot of other opportunities.
      Interviewer: The ambition to be the commander-in-chief, the ambition to sit in the 4)Oval Office -- that's gone?
      Gore: Well, I personally have the energy and the drive and ambition to make another campaign, but I don't think it's the right thing for me to do. I think that a campaign that would be a 5)rematch between myself and President Bush would inevitably involve a focus on the past that would in some measure distract from the focus on the future that I think all campaigns have to be about.
      Interviewer: You say you had the ambition; you still have it even you said...
      Gore: Yeah.
      Interviewer: Right?
      Gore: Yeah.
      Interviewer: Still have the dream?
      Gore: Yeah. Well, you know, never say "never", but I... I make this decision in the full knowledge and awareness that if I don't run this time, which I am not going to run in 2004, that's probably the last opportunity I'll ever have to run for President. Don't know that for sure but probably it is.
      Interviewer: You think you could beat the President?
      Gore: Look, I think I could, but the truth is that anybody who tells you they know what's going to happen two years from now and what would happen is just unrealistic.
      Interviewer: I'm still trying to understand why you're not gonna run?
      Gore: The last campaign was an extremely difficult one and while I have the energy and drive to go out there and do it again, I think that there are a lot of people within the Democratic Party who felt exhausted by that, and who felt like "OK, I don't want to go through that again." And I'm frankly sensitive to that...to that feeling.
      Interviewer: A Democrat, you believe, could beat President Bush?
      Gore: I absolutely believe that. And think about what happened in 1991 when the first President Bush was just as high...well, higher in the public opinion polls, and....
      Interviewer: But not sustained like this.
      Gore: Well, that's true, but nevertheless he was at 91% or something. I felt then that the economy was bad and it could turn back toward Democrats. It 6)ultimately did and very few people thought that. I feel the same way now.
      Interviewer: So which of the Democrats, do you think, has the best shot?
      Gore: I don't know.
      Interviewer: So you don't have a feeling of what.... Do you have a feeling of what it will take? What a democrat has to look like? What he has to 7)stand for to beat President Bush?
      Gore: I think there has to be an unrelenting focus on the economy.
      Interviewer: Why? Do you think the economy is just going to continue to 8)spiral downward? Is that what you're saying?
      Gore: I think that the policies they're committed to do not work. And I think that if they don't change them, which I don't think they're likely to, that it's gonna be apparent to people.
      Interviewer: So this is it? You were in the 9)House; you were in the 10)Senate for two terms...
      Gore: Been in the House for 8 years, the Senate for 8 years and Vice President for 8 years.
      Interviewer: Vice President of the United States for 8 years, and this is it?
      Gore: I had another 8-year-plan in mind, but it didn't 11)work out.
      1) closure  n. 关闭,终止
      2) bowl over 使大吃一惊
      3) stunning  a. 足以使人晕倒的
      4) the Oval Office 美国白宫的椭圆形办公室,总统办公室
      5) rematch  v. 重赛
      6) ultimately  adv. 最后,根本上
      7) stand for 支持,代表
      8) spiral  a. 不断加剧上升或下降的
      9) the House 即the House of Representatives,美国众议院
      10) the Senate 美国参议院
      11) work out 进行,发展
      The Coliseum
      Rome, that great 1)witness to a past rich in history, that great collection of 2)artistic masterpieces, which together, form the most complete 3)unmatchable expression of human achievement. Universal and eternal qualities which emanate from the treasures of Rome, make it unique among the cities of the world. The 4)imposing majesty of its architectural splendours from the past is 5)integrated into the pattern of life which today is many-faceted, modern and 6)metropolitan, producing a natural 7)symbiosis of forms and colours, a past and present, 8)sacred and safe.
      	The majestic Flavian 9)Amphitheatre, better known as the Coliseum, the symbol of Rome's eternity, is the greatest of all the monuments of the Roman period. It was begun by 10)Vespasian in AD 72 and completed by his son, Titus, eight years later. According to tradition, 40,000 slaves were used to build it. The huge amphitheatre could contain around 50,000 11)spectators, suitably protected from the sun by the 12)Valerian a canvas roof which was open at the center. It was intended for gladiator shows and wild beast hunts. Often, actual stage settings were provided to make the cruel scenes more lifelike and exciting for the 13)multitudes of spectators who watched them with such enthusiasm, thirsty for blood and pleasure. Before the fights came the 14)ritual salute to the Emperor. "Ave Caesare. Morituri te saluta." -- "15)Hail Caesar. Those who are about to die salute you!" And the thumbs down sign to the defeated. But apart from the hunts and the mortal combats of the gladiators, the amphitheatre also witnessed the tearing apart of the bodies of countless Christian 16)martyrs.
      	The Coliseum was used for shows until 608 AD. In the Middle Ages it served as a 17)fortress, and 18)successively as a stone quarry for many buildings. The many holes visible are also marks of 19)vandalism. They were made in order to 20)extract the 21)metallic 22)bonds, which joined the blocks of 23)travertine together. It was only at the beginning of the nineteenth century that the 24)pillage was ended and some work of 25)restoration was initiated by the 26)Popes. The external circle, entirely in travertine, is almost 50 meters high and includes four floors, each carrying arches springing from 27)pilasters. The eighty arcades of the entrance are numbered with Roman numerals. The number corresponded to the serial number of the season tickets held by spectators.
      宏伟的弗拉维圆形大剧场,也称竞技场,是罗马永恒的象征,也是罗马帝国时期最伟大的纪念碑。由韦斯巴西安皇帝在公元72年开始建立,但是由他的儿子提图斯在八年后完成的。根据传统,用了四万名奴隶来修建圆形大剧场。庞大的剧场能容纳下大约五万名观众,瓦莱里安皇帝在中央支起的帆布天花篷恰到好处地起了遮阳的作用。剧场是用来做角斗表演和猎捕野兽的。通常剧场会按真实场景布置,以使残忍的表演更逼真,以唤起众多观众在观看时的激情,唤醒他们嗜血寻乐的性情。在进行角斗前要先行仪式向皇帝致敬。(意大利语)“恺撒万岁。臣子以死亡向您致敬!” 战败的人得到拇指朝下的手势。大剧场除了用做捕猎和角斗士之间格杀之外,也见证了无数基督殉难徒遭分尸的惨剧。
      1) witness  n. 目击者,证人
      2) artistic  a. 艺术的
      3) unmatchable  a. 不能匹敌的
      4) imposing  a. 壮丽的
      5) integrate into 使并入
      6) metropolitan  a. 主要都市的
      7) symbiosis  n. 共生现象
      8) sacred  a. 神圣的,庄严的
      9) amphitheatre  n. 圆形露天剧场
      10) Vespasian韦斯巴西安,古罗马皇帝(69-79),弗拉维王朝创立者。
      11) spectator  n. 观众
      12) Valerian即瓦莱里安(?-260),罗马皇帝。
      13) multitude  n. 多数
      14) ritual  a. 宗教仪式的
      15) hail  int. 万岁
      16) martyr  n. 殉难者
      17) fortress  n. 堡垒,要塞
      18) successively  adv. 接连着,继续地
      19) vandalism  n. 蓄意破坏艺术的行为
      20) extract  v. 拔出,榨取
      21) metallic  a. 金属的
      22) bond  n. 镣铐
      23) travertine  n. (矿)石灰华
      24) pillage  n. 掠夺
      25) restoration  n. 重建
      26) Pope  n. 罗马教皇
      27) pilaster  n. 壁柱
      A Century of Memories (1910-1919)
      Roosevelt's design included linking the Pacific and Atlantic oceans by building a canal through the 1)Isthmus of Panama in northern Columbia, construction of the era's 2)engineering wonder began in 1904. Alfred Bingham visited the canal site as a child.
      "I can remember riding along in this car on the bottom of the canal, a lot of big machinery and a lot of trains going up and down taking the 3)diggings out. And there were marvelous big structures that were to be the locks."
      "The building of the canal itself was the greatest engineering feat that had ever been done up to that time. It's all of the great power and technology and energy of this age 4)harnessed there."
      Across the Atlantic in a Belfast 5)shipyard, another technological 6)marvel of the age was being completed -- the largest moving object ever made by man. The Titanic was said to be the fastest, most 7)luxurious and safest ocean liner the world had ever seen. On April 10, 1912, with more than 2,200 people on board, the ship left Southampton in England on its maiden voyage.
      "My mother wanted to see the 8)purser before we went to our 9)cabin. Mother said to the purser, 'I am not one bit happy about going on the Titanic to New York City.' And the purser said, 'Why?' She said, 'Because the Titanic is new, it's never crossed an ocean,' and she said, 'I'm afraid something might happen.' And he said, 'Madam, nothing was going to happen, but if it does,' he said, 'the Titanic has 10)watertight 11)compartments that'll keep it up.'"
      On its fifth day at sea, the Titanic received a series of radio warnings about icebergs ahead. The captain, Edward Smith, under pressure to make record time from his employer, the White Star Lines, ignored the messages and 12)proceeded at full speed. Shortly before midnight, Ruth Vecker and her mother were awakened by a cabin 13)steward.
      "He said, 'The Titanic has struck an iceberg,' and he said, 'I want you to go back in your room, get your family ready and go on up to the boat deck and get in the lifeboats.' And mother says, 'Do we have time to dress?' And he says, 'No, madam, you have time for nothing.'"
      The ship sank within 3 hours. In an era that had put such faith in technology, the Titanic would become a 14)stark 15)reminder of man's limitations.
      In mid-August of 1914, Americans celebrated the opening of the Panama Canal, a triumph of both technology and man's will over nature. An engineering feat as impressive as the pyramids, the canal would also become the symbol of America's entrance into the international 16)arena at a time when the world was becoming more dangerous. The tensions fed by an arms race and 17)rivalry among the major European powers finally came to a head in June of 1914 when 18)Archduke Francis Ferdinand, the heir to the Austro-Hungarian Empire, was 19)assassinated by a Serbian nationalist in Sarajevo.
      "There was no reason why the assassination of Francis Ferdinand would signal the 20)collision of fundamental interests. It was a matter of choice, and that choice was made in Vienna and in Berlin to make it more than an assassination."
      In late July with Germany's support, the Austro-Hungarian Empire declared war on Serbia. And within days, all the great powers of Europe bound by their various 21)alliances were at war with each other.
      "I was at a camp, a boys camp, in New Hampshire in 1914 when war was declared, and it was a shock to a very peaceful world, but nobody took it too seriously. It was bad, of course, but it was also something that would be temporary and would not have a far-reaching effect."
      But this war would be more catastrophic than any which had gone before, one in which technology, the engine of progress, would be used in the 22)slaughter of millions. A war that would sow greater hatred and result in far greater consequences than anyone could imagine in that summer of 1914.
      1) isthmus  n. 地峡
      2) engineering  n. 工程
      3) digging  n. 挖掘物
      4) harness  v. 利用
      5) shipyard  n. 造船所
      6) marvel  n. 奇迹
      7) luxurious  a. 奢华的
      8) purser  n. 事务长
      9) cabin  n. 船舱
      10) watertight  a. 不透水的,防水的
      11) compartment  n. 间隔间,车厢
      12) proceed  v. 进行
      13) steward  n. 乘务员
      14) stark  a. 十足的
      15) reminder  n. 提醒,暗示
      16) arena  n. 舞台
      17) rivalry  n. 竞争,敌对状态
      18) archduke  n. 大公
      19) assassinate  v. 暗杀
      20) collision  n. 碰撞,冲突
      21) alliance  n. 联盟,联合
      22) slaughter  n. 屠杀
      San Francisco
      Vocal: Scott McKenzie
      If you're going to San Francisco
      Be sure to wear some flowers in your hair
      If you're going to San Francisco
      You're gonna meet some gentle people there
      For those who come to San Francisco
      Summertime will be a love-in there
      In the streets of San Francisco
      Gentle people with flowers in their hair
      All across the nation, such a strange vibration
      People in motion
      There's a whole generation with a new explanation
      People in motion, people in motion
      For those who come to San Francisco
      Be sure to wear some flowers in your hair
      If you come to San Francisco
      Summertime will be a love-in there
      If you come to San Francisco
      Summertime will be a love-in there
      News Spotlight (2)
      NEWS 1 政治
      North Korea says it will 1)reactivate nuclear facilities, which were frozen under an agreement with the United States in 1994. A statement from the official North Korean News Agency said the move was required for power generation in response to an American decision last month to suspend oil shipments. The South Korean government has called an emergency security meeting.
      According to a North Korean statement, issued through the country’s state-controlled news agency, the regime will immediately end a freeze of its nuclear program, because of a US-led decision to suspend oil shipments to the state. An unnamed foreign ministry official was quoted as saying, “The authorities had no choice but to reactivate the program which was needed for power production because a key element of a nuclear accord with the US had not been honored.” Under a 1994 deal, the north was to receive 500,000 tonnes of heavy fuel oil a year while an international 2)consortium built two safer, light-water reactors. In return, Pyongyang had agreed to 3)mothball its existing nuclear facilities.
      The White House has described as “regrettable” the announcement by North Korea that it is reactivating nuclear power facilities. A White House spokesman said that the decision flewit in the face of North Korea” commitment to dismantle its nuclear program.  Japan and South Korea have also voiced strong misgivings. In a statement, Seoul said it was concerned that lifting the nuclear freeze would increase tension on the Korean peninsula. The North Korean news agencies said the move was needed to generate power after the United States, Japan and South Korea decided last month to suspend oil shipments.
      NEWS 2 政治
      Opposition leaders in Venezuela said a general strike against the government of President, Hugo Chavez, has now entered a phase of total resistance. The head of the largest labor confederation said, the 4)stoppage, now in its eleventh day, would continue until Mr. Chavez resigned. Mr. Chavez is accused of economic mismanagement and authoritarian rules. But he dismissed the allegations as a plot to topple him.
      NEWS 3 政治
      European Union leaders, meeting in Copenhagen, have agreed to start membership talks with Turkey two years from now, provided its political conditions meet EU 5)criteria.
      European Union leaders have decided that Turkey will have to wait until December 2004 at the earliest before it’S invited to start talks on joining the EU, 6)dashing Turkey’s hopes of negotiation next year. The decision emerged from a dinner at the EU summit in Copenhagen. It was announced by the Danish Prime Minister, Anders Fogh Rasmussen.
      Rasmussen: We have made the following decision tonight. If the European Council in December 2004, on the basis of a report and a recommendation from the Commission, decides that Turkey fulfils the Copenhagen political criteria, the European Union will open accession negotiations with Turkey.
      A BBC correspondent at the summit says that ten new members of the EU will have joined before any talks start, possibly complicating the negotiations. And he says the decision will make it more difficult to reach a deal on reunifying Cyprus, which has been divided between the Greek Cypriot and the Turkish Cypriot communities since 1974.
      NEWS 4 经济
      The American Secretary of State, Colin Powell, has announced an initiative to spread democracy, education and free markets across the Middle East. Mr. Powell pledged twenty-nine million dollars towards the project, saying it was a way of broadening Washington’s approach to the region.
      Colin Powell described this initiative as a way of broadening America’s approach to the Middle East. He said, “The spread of democracy and free markets around the world largely left the Middle East behind.” The Secretary of State painted a picture of economic stagnation and unresponsive political systems. He criticized the 7)marginalization of women and the lack of educational opportunities for millions of girls and boys in the region. America’s answer is what it calls “The US-Middle East Partnership Initiative”.  Twenty-nine million dollars will be spent on education, projects to expand political participation, and to encourage small businesses.
      NEWS 5 军事
      The Ivory Coast army is making a second attempt at a recruiting drive after an attempt earlier this week was 8)swamped by people eager to sign up. On Tuesday, thousands of young people demonstrated outside the army headquarters in Abidjan, demanding the right to fight rebel groups.
      On the playing fields in the center of the Jandahn school there is an amazing sight.  Thousands of people are lined up to get their names on one side of the complex. On the other, thousands more men, naked, ready for a medical, queuing patiently to see if they will be one of the 3,000 accepted for the army. Since before dawn, people have been heading towards this 9)barracks in their thousands to join up. The army were overwhelmed when they began their recruitment program on Tuesday and had to delay it till today. Outside the doors of the barracks - outside the main gate - a huge, excited and angry crowd waiting to get in, are 10)hurling abuse at foreign journalists who approach.
      NEWS 6 科技
      An Arian-5 rocket, carrying two satellites, has crashed into the Atlantic just three minutes after taking off from French Guiana. A spokesman for the Arian’s consortium, Claude Sanchez, said the rocket had blasted off as planned but gone off course shortly after reaching an altitude of about 100 kilometers. Mr. Sanchez said that in such cases, the craft destroyed themselves automatically.
      1 政治
      2 政治
      3 政治
      4 经济
      柯林·鲍威尔认为此举可将美国理念扩展到这些地区。他说,全球的民主化和自由市场化已将中东地区远远抛在了后面。鲍威尔描述了经济停滞和反应迟钝的政治机构,批评了这些地区对妇女的排斥以及成百万的少男少女缺乏受教育机会的状况。美国的回答是它所谓的“美国--中东合作意向”。 两千九百万美元的资金将被用在发展教育、扩大政治参与以及鼓励小型企业的计划上。
      5 军事
      6 科技
      1) reactivate  v. 使恢复活动
      2) consortium  n. 协会;(为金融活动提供大量资金的)财团
      3) mothball  v. 封存
      4) stoppage  n. (活动的)中止;停止
      5) criteria  n. criterion的复数形式,(进行批评、判断、检验或评论的)标准,准则
      6) dash  v. 冲撞,猛击
      7) marginalization  n. 使脱离社会发展进程,使处于社会边缘;忽视,排斥
      8) swamp  v. 淹没;覆没
      9) barrack  n. 兵营
      10) hurl  v. 猛投
      Mr. Vinegar and His Fortune
      Retold by James Baldwin
      A long time go, there lived a poor man whose real name has been forgotten. He was little and old and his face was 1)wrinkled, and that was why his friends called him Mr. Vinegar. His wife was also little and old, and they lived in a little old 2)cottage at the back of a little old field.
      "John," said Mrs. Vinegar, "you must go to town and buy a cow. I will milk her and 3)churn butter and we shall never want for anything."
      "That is a good plan," said Mr. Vinegar, so he started off to town while his wife waited by the roadside.
      Mr. Vinegar walked up and down the street of the town looking for a cow. After a time, a farmer came that way, leading one that was very pretty and fat.
      "Oh, if I only had that cow," said Mr. Vinegar, "I would be the happiest man in the world!"
      "She's a very good cow," said the farmer.
      "Well," said Mr. Vinegar, "I'll give you these 50 gold pieces for her."
      The farmer smiled and held out his hand for the money, "You may have her," he said, "I always like to 4)oblige, my friends!"
      Mr. Vinegar took hold of the cow's halter and led her up and down the street. "I am the luckiest man in the world," he said, "for only see how all the people are looking at me and my cow!"
      But at one end of the street, he met a man playing 5)bagpipes. He stopped and listened -- Tweedle Dee Tweedle Dee.
      "Oh, that is the sweetest music I ever heard," he said, "and just see how all the children crowd around the man and give him pennies! If I only had those bagpipes, I would be the happiest man in the world!!"
      "I'll sell them to you," said the 6)piper.
      "Will you? Well then, since I have no money, I will give you this cow for them."
      "You may have them," answered the piper, "I always like to oblige a friend."
      Mr. Vinegar took the bagpipes and the piper led the cow away.
      "Now we will have some music," said Mr. Vinegar, but try as hard as he might, he could not play a tune. He could get nothing out of the bagpipes but "7)squeak, squeak". The children instead of giving him pennies laughed at him.
      The day was chilly and in trying to play the pipes, his fingers grew very cold. He wished he had kept the cow.
      He just started for home when he met a man who had warm gloves on his hands. "Oh, if I only had those pretty gloves," he said, "I would be the happiest man in the world."
      "How much will you give for them?" asked the man.
      "Oh, I have no money, but I will give you these bagpipes," answered Mr. Vinegar.
      "Well," said the man, "you may have them for I always like to oblige a friend."
      Mr. Vinegar gave him the bagpipes and drew the gloves on over his half frozen fingers. "How lucky I am," he said as he 8)trudged homeward. His hands were soon quite warm, but the road was rough and the walking hard. He was very tired when he came to the foot of the steep hill. "How shall I ever get to the top?" he said. Just then he met a man who was walking the other way. He had a stick in his hand which he used as a cane to help him along.
      "My friend," said Mr. Vinegar, "if only I had that stick of yours to help me up this hill, I would be the happiest man in the world!"
      "How much will you give me for it?" asked the man.
      "Well, I have no money, but I will give you this pair of warm gloves," said Mr. Vinegar.
      "Well," said the man, "you may have it for I always like to oblige a friend."
      Mr. Vinegar's hands were now quite warm, so he gave the gloves to the man and took the 9)stout stick to help him along. "How lucky I am!'' he said as he 10)toiled upward.
      At the top of the hill he stopped to rest. But as he was thinking of all his good luck that day, he heard someone calling his name. He looked up and saw only a green parrot sitting in a tree.
      "Mr. Vinegar, Mr. Vinegar," it cried.
      "What now?" said Mr. Vinegar.
      "You're a 11)dunce, you're a dunce!'' answered the bird, "you went to seek your fortune and you found it, then you gave it for a cow, and the cow for some bagpipes, and the bagpipes for some gloves, and the gloves for a stick which you might of cut by the roadside. He He He, you're a dunce! You're a dunce!''
      This made Mr. Vinegar very angry. He threw the stick at the bird with all his might. But the bird only answered, "You're a dunce! You're a dunce!" And the stick 12)lodged in the tree where he could not get it again.
      Mr. Vinegar went on slowly for he had many things to think about. His wife was standing by the roadside and as soon as she saw him, she cried out, "Where's the cow? Where's the cow?"
      "Well, I just don't know where the cow is," said Mr. Vinegar. And then he told her the whole story.
      1) wrinkled  a. 皱纹的
      2) cottage  n. 村舍
      3) churn  v. 搅拌
      4) oblige  v. 责成
      5) bagpipe  n. 风笛
      6) piper  n. 风笛手
      7) squeak  n. 吱吱的叫声
      8) trudge  v. 跋涉
      9) stout  a. 粗的
      10) toil  v. 跋涉,费力地做
      11) dunce  n. 傻瓜
      12) lodge  v. 存放,容纳
      Jonathan Livingston Seagull (2)
      Written by Richard Bach
      The gulls were 1)flocked into the Council gathering when he landed, and apparently had been so flocked for some time. They were, in fact, waiting.
      "Jonathan Livingston Seagull! Stand to Center!" The Elder's words sounded in a voice of highest ceremony. Stand to Center meant only great shame or great honor. Stand to Center for Honor was the way the gulls' 2)foremost leaders were marked.
      Of course, he thought, the Breakfast Flock this morning; they saw the 3)breakthrough! But I want no honors. I have no wish to be a leader. I want only to share what I've found, to show those horizons out ahead for us all.
      He stepped forward.
      "Jonathan Livingston Seagull," said the Elder, "Stand to Center for Shame in the sight of your fellow gulls!"
      It felt like being hit with a board. His knees went weak, his feathers 4)sagged, there was roaring in his ears. Centered for Shame? Impossible! The breakthrough! They can't understand! They're wrong, they're wrong!
      "...for his reckless irresponsibility," the 5)solemn voice intoned, "violating the dignity and tradition of the Gull Family..."
      To be centered for shame meant that he would be 6)cast out of gull society, banished to a solitary life on the Far Cliffs.
      "... one day Jonathan Livingston Seagull, you shall learn that irresponsibility does not pay. Life is the unknown and the 7)unknowable, except that we are put into this world to eat, to stay alive as long as we possibly can."
      A seagull never speaks back to the Council Flock, but it was Jonathan's voice raised. "Irresponsibility? My brothers!" he cried, "who is more responsible than a gull who finds and follows a meaning, a higher purpose for life? For a thousand years we have 8)scrabbled after fish heads, but now we have a reason to live -- to learn, to discover, to be free! Give me one chance, let me show you what I've found..."
      The Flock might as well have been stone.
      "The 9)brotherhood is broken," the gulls 10)intoned together, and with one accord they solemnly closed their ears and turned their backs upon him.
      Jonathan Seagull spent the rest of his days alone, but he flew way out beyond the Far Cliffs. His one sorrow was not 11)solitude, it was that other gulls refused to believe the glory of flight that awaited them; they refused to open their eyes and see.
      He learned more each day. He learned that a 12)streamlined high-speed dive could bring him to find the rare and tasty fish that schooled ten feet below the surface of the ocean: he no longer needed fishing boats and 13)stale bread for survival. He learned to sleep in the air, setting a 14)course at night across the 15)offshore wind, covering a hundred miles from sunset to sunrise. With the same inner control, he flew through heavy sea-fogs and climbed above them into dazzling clear skies... in the very times when every other gull stood on the ground, knowing nothing but mist and rain. He learned to ride the high winds far inland, to dine there on delicate insects.
      What he had once hoped for the Flock, he now gained for himself alone; he learned to fly, he was not sorry for the price that he had paid. Jonathan Seagull discovered that 16)boredom and fear and anger are the reasons that a gull's life is so short, and with these gone from his thought, he lived a long and fine life indeed.
      1) flock  v. (禽畜的)群集,成群结队
      2) foremost  a. 最重要的
      3) breakthrough  n. 突破
      4) sag  v. 松弛,下垂
      5) solemn  a. 严肃的,庄严的
      6) cast out of 赶出
      7) unknowable  a. 不能知道的
      8) scrabble  v. 摸索,扒寻
      9) brotherhood  n. 兄弟情谊
      10) intone  v. (以拖长的声音)吟咏
      11) solitude  n. 孤独
      12) streamlined  a. 最新型的,改进的
      13) stale  a. 不新鲜的
      14) course  n. 急行
      15) offshore  a. 离岸的
      16) boredom  n. 厌倦
      Instruction for Life
      1.	Give people more than they expect and do it 1)cheerfully;
      2.	Don't believe all you hear, spend all you have, or sleep all you want;
      3.	When you say, "I love you", mean it;
      4.	When you say, "I'm sorry", look the person in the eye;
      5.	Believe in love at first sight;
      6.	Never laugh at anyone's dreams;
      7.	Love deeply and 2)passionately. You might get hurt but it's the only way to live life completely;
      8.	In disagreements, fight fairly. No 3)name-calling;
      9.	Talk slowly but think quickly;
      10.	When you lose, don't lose the lesson;
      11.	Remember the three R's: Respect for self; Respect for others; Responsibility for all your actions;
      12.	Don't let a little 4)dispute injure a great friendship;
      13.	When you realize you've made a mistake, take immediate steps to correct it;
      14.	Smile when picking up the phone. The caller will hear it in your voice;
      15.	Spend some time alone;
      16.	Open your arms to change but don't let go of your values;
      17.	Read more books and watch less TV;
      18.	Live a good, honorable life. Then when you get older and think back, you'll get to enjoy it a second time;
      19.	Trust in God but lock your car;
      20.	Once a year, go someplace you've never been before;
      21.	Remember that not getting what you want is sometimes a stroke of luck;
      22.	Remember that the best relationship is the one where your love for each other is greater than your need for each other;
      23.	Approach love and cooking with 5)reckless 6)abandon.
      1) cheerfully  ad. 高高兴兴地
      2) passionately  ad. 热烈地,热情地
      3) name-calling  n. 骂人
      4) dispute  n. 争论,辩论
      5) reckless  a. 不顾后果的
      6) abandon  n. 放任,狂热
      What Is Happiness?
      "Are you happy?" I asked my brother, Ian, one day.
      "Yes. No. It depends on what you mean," he said.
      "Then tell me," I said, "when was the last time you think you were happy?"
      "April 1967," he said.
      It served me right for putting a serious question to someone who has joked his way through life. But Ian's answer reminded me that when we think about happiness, we usually think of something extraordinary, a 1)pinnacle of 2)sheer delight. And those pinnacles seem to get rarer the older we get.
      For a child, happiness has a magical quality. I remember making hide-outs in newly cut 3)hay, playing 4)cops and robbers in the woods, getting a speaking part in the school play. Of course, kids also experience lows, but their delight at such peaks of pleasure as winning a race or getting a new bike is 5)unreserved.
      In the teenage years, the concept of happiness changes. Suddenly it's conditional on such things as excitement, love, popularity and whether that zit will clear up before a 6)prom night. I can still feel the agony of not being invited to a party that almost everyone else was going to. But I also recall the ecstasy of being plucked from obscurity at another event to dance with a 7)John Travolta look-alike.
      In 8)adulthood the things that bring 9)profound joy - birth, love, marriage - also bring responsibility and the risk of loss. Love may not last, loved ones die. For adults, happiness is complicated.
      My dictionary defines happy as "lucky" or "fortunate", but I think a better definition of happiness is "the capacity for enjoyment". The more we can enjoy what we have, the happier we are. It's easy to overlook the pleasure we get from loving and being loved, the company of friends, the freedom to live where we please, even good health.
      I added up my little moments of pleasure yesterday. First there was sheer bliss when I shut the last lunchbox and had the house to myself. Then I spent an 10)uninterrupted morning writing, which I love. When the kids came home, I enjoyed their noise after the quiet of the day.
      You never know where happiness will turn up next. When I asked friends what makes them happy, some mentioned 11)seemingly 12)insignificant moments. "I hate shopping," one friend said. "But there's this clerk who always chats and really cheers me up."
      Another friend loves the telephone. "Every time it rings, I know someone is thinking about me."
      We all experience moments like these. Too few of us register them as happiness.
      While happiness may be more complex for us, the solution is the same as ever. Happiness isn't about what happens to us; it's about how we perceive what happens to us. It's the 13)knack of finding a positive for every negative, and viewing a 14)set-back as a challenge. It's not wishing for what we don't have, but enjoying what we do possess.
      1) pinnacle  n. 顶点
      2) sheer  a. 全然的,纯粹的
      3) hay  n. 干草
      4) cop  n. 警察
      5) unreserved  a. 无节制的,无保留的
      6) prom  n. 正式舞会
      7) John Travolta是好莱坞70年代的名演员,成名片是在1978年的“Grease”,他在其中演出的舞蹈风格曾一度风靡世界。
      8) adulthood  n. 成人期
      9) profound  a. 深刻的
      10) uninterrupted  a. 不被打断或干扰的
      11) seemingly  ad. 表面上地
      12) insignificant  a. 无关紧要的,无意义的
      13) knack  n. 诀窍
      14) set-back  n. 挫折,障碍
      Speaking Sparkles (1)
      "Sure, time of my life - the last six years, this has been the best. I mean, it's ... I've been like a prince; lived the life of a prince, six years, you know, kind of, formed my own company, made three films with my company. I don't think I could have done that without Bond. So one can only kind of take the high road with something like this and just enjoy it and celebrate it. So would I like to go again? Yes, I'd love to do a fifth."
      --Pierce Brosnan就会否继续饰演邦德答记者问
      "It really doesn't matter whether it's an American company, a French company, a Russian company, a Chinese company producing that oil. As long as the oil is being produced with some kind of a 1)reliability and flowing into the world market."
      --剑桥能源研究所主席、普立策奖获得者Daniel Jorgen推测在萨达姆下台后伊拉克的石油将会由不同的国际公司联手开采
      "Girls 2)outperform boys in 3)elementary school, middle school, high school and college and graduate school. Girls are being told, 'Go for it, you can do it!' 'Go for it, you can do it!' They are getting an 4)immense amount of support. Boys hear that the way to shine is 5)athletically. And they get, boys get a lot of mixed messages about what it means to be 6)masculine and what it means to be a student. Is being a good student make you a real man? I don't think so. It is not cool."
      --Michael Tompson博士谈及美国高等院校中男女比例失衡的原因
      1) reliability  n. 稳定性
      2) outperform  v. 做得比……好,胜过
      3) elementary  a. 初步的,基本的
      4) immense  a. 无边的,极广大的
      5) athletically  ad. 运动比赛地,具有运动员风范地
      6) masculine  a. 男性的,男子气概的
      President Bush's Christmas Address
      Thank you all. Thank you very much. With the lighting of the National Christmas Tree, we observe one of the great traditions of our nation's capital. And throughout the Christmas season, we recall that God's love is found in 1)humble places, and God's peace is offered to all of us. Laura and I are pleased to be with you at this Christmas Pageant of Peace, and we thank you all for coming as well.
      I want to thank Barbara for hosting this event. (Applause) I want to thank all the 2)entertainers for making the night such a special evening, thank you all for coming. (Applause) I want to thank Peter and the board of directors and the production team for organizing this fine event. I appreciate Santa coming. (Laughter) Looks like he needs a belt for Christmas. (Laughter) Finally, I want to thank all the good people of the National Park Service. (Applause) The National Christmas Tree is a living tree and the Park Service looks after it every single day of the year.
      For nearly 80 years, in times of calm and in times of challenge, Americans have gathered for this ceremony. The simple story we remember during this season speaks to every generation. It is the story of a quiet birth in a little town, on the margins of an indifferent empire. Yet, that single event set the direction of history and still changes millions of lives. For over two 3)millennia, Christmas has carried the message that God is with us - and, because He's with us, we can always live in hope.
      In this season, we celebrate with our families - and deeply miss family members no longer with us. Thousands of families in our nation are still grieving over the terrible losses that came to them last year on September the 11th. We pray for their comfort. We pray for the comfort for everyone who has lost a life this year.
      Our entire nation is also thinking at this time of year of the men and women in the military, many of whom will spend this Christmas at posts far from home. They stand between Americans and grave danger. They serve in the cause of peace and freedom. They wear the uniform proudly and we are proud of them. (Applause)
      Laura and I wish every American family the blessings of this season, happy holidays, and a merry Christmas. And now we have the honor of lighting the National Christmas Tree. And joining us, we've got two new friends, Samara Banks and Ben Schneller, to help us light this tree.
      Now, if everybody - you all step up here - (laughter) - get ready. Please join us in the 4)countdown: Five, four, three, two, one. (Applause)
      1) humble  a. 卑下的,简陋的
      2) entertainer  n. 款待者,演艺人员
      3) millennium  n. 太平盛世,一千年(millennia 是其复数形式)
      4) countdown  n. 倒数
      Should I Follow My Instincts?
      Van de Mark: Now, Lillian, I want to know when does one decide, it's more than a 1)hunch, this is really something I believe in, and I'm going to take action with it?
      Dr. Lillian Rubin: Well, it's not a when. Before you can decide that, one has to know oneself pretty well, which means that you have to have had some experience with knowing that your hunches. And it's knowing your strengths and weaknesses - really important - if you think you can do anything, you're going to fail. Every one of us has strengths and weaknesses.
      Van de Mark: I hear two things here. One is the self-awareness, which we can get into a little bit more, but also this notion of testing: making sure that when you do act on a hunch, that you make sure that you're testing a little bits before you make big decisions.
      Dr. Lillian Rubin: Exactly! But, and not only testing, but supposing you say, "OK, my gut tells me I'm gonna go on that path not this one", you take... you go half a mile down the road, know when it's a mistake. When you get to the point when you say, "Uh, I think I should turn back." Go!
      Van de Mark: Self-awareness; this bigger, broader question. Knowing what you truly want, knowing what really fits with your life - choosing a spouse, for instance, or choosing a place to live or a job or boss - what questions should you ask yourself and should you ask them all the time?
      Dr. Lillian Rubin: Well, I think yes. When you're, when 2)sorting out those big issues, you'd better be asking all the time. Those self-awareness requires an ability to listen to your inner voice, and to know that you don't always do what you want to do, but that you might do what you should do. I don't mean that one should live with "shoulds", but often we want, you know, talk about getting married, people want to marry, to fall in love and marry their little ideal type. It may be exactly the wrong thing for them. And how many people do you know and I know, who, you know, on their wedding day, they said to themselves, "What are you doing?" And then went ahead and got married.
      Van de Mark: How many people do you know? I mean you've counseled so many, how many of them felt that way?
      Dr. Lillian Rubin: Many. Many. It's not uncommon. It isn't just the anxiety of the moment; it's, there's been this inner voice that's been saying, "Maybe this is not right." And they don't listen because there's too much invested in that path.
      Van de Mark: Here are a few thoughts on going with your gut from those who have.
      Howard Schultz: How many people have you met in your life who have said things like, "I had that idea", "I knew about that", or "I was so close but I gave up". I think sometimes the difference between success and failure, winning and losing, is a very fine line between those people who'll continue to move forward.
      Sumner Redstone: You can't be sure of yourself. To a large extent, you have to follow your instincts. And what are your instincts? Experience, and I'd like to think some degree of intellectual capacity, ah, and that's what instinct is. You have to be a risk-taker.
      Jack Welch: Getting self-confidence is at the heart of success, in every aspect of life.
      Paul Shaw: 3)In terms of the major trend what might happen over the next five years, a lot of that is intuition. But it's 4)intuition that's really 5)steeped in 6)observance, it's not just sorta waking up one day and saying, I think people are, you know, suddenly gonna do this instead of that. It's, it's really intuition and instinct because of all the different things you're sensing.
      Marleen McDaniel: I think all 7)setbacks are to your advantage. I mean, like, just when one door closes, another door is opening. And frequently, these setbacks are planted there, and so maybe there is fate and I might even believe in it. But they are planted there. They may require you to change direction -- you may have stayed in a situation long after, it's done its usefulness, because this life really is about learning and growing, you've gotta just keep moving with that energy that's all around us all the time.
      1) hunch  n. 基于直觉的想法
      2) sort out 挑选出
      3) in terms of 根据,按照,在……方面
      4) intuition  n. 直觉
      5) steep  v. 沉浸,浸,泡
      6) observance  n. 惯例,仪式
      7) setback  n. 挫折,顿挫
      Campus English
      Dialogue One: "I'm Always Two Steps Behind"
      (Karen, Marvin and Tony are in the school cafeteria.)
      Karen: I can't believe finals will be here in just two weeks. Once again, I'm not even close to "being ready"! You'd think that by now I'd learn how to 1)budget my time better.
      Marvin: Welcome to the club! I was doing fine until after midterms. Then I took it easy. Now I'm paying for it. I have three research papers to finish in three weeks. Help!
      Tony: You're not alone. I don't have any papers, but I have final exams and several books to finish before then. That's not counting all the review reading I'll have to do, either.
      Karen: All my friends are in the same boat. I'm going to have to pull quite a few all-nighters during the next couple of weeks.
      Marvin: Me, too. In fact, (checking his watch) I really have to get going, you guys. I've got a hot date...
      Tony: How can you have time for a date when you've got all that work to do?
      Marvin: ...with the library.
      Tony: Oh, I see. Well, catch you later, Marv.
      Karen: Yeah, Marv. Call me on the weekend.
      Marvin: Right. Anyway, see you guys later. (He leaves.)
      Tony: Seriously, though, Karen, you're a senior. You should have some good tips on budgeting time in college. You know, I was thinking of getting a part-time job next year because I really need more money, but I don't want to ask my parents for any more. But I'm so busy, how am I going to work and study? I know you have a part-time job. How do you do it?
      Karen: To be honest with you, Tony, I don't think I'm doing a very good job of balancing my schoolwork with my job. I'm always two steps behind. If you do find a cure for always being behind, let me know, OK? (Checking her watch) I've got to get back to the dorm and continue writing that paper. Say! Why don't you talk to your advisor. And let me know! (She leaves running.)
      Tony: (To himself) My advisor...
      Dialogue Two: "I've Come to My Advisor for Some Advice"
      ( Tony pays a visit to his advisor, Dr. Hampton. He knocks on the professor's door.)
      Hampton: Come in!
      Tony: Hi, Professor Hampton. It's me, Tony Trembley again. I hope I'm not bothering you. I know how busy everyone is near the end of the 2)semester, but...
      Hampton: Have a seat, Tony. I'm not that busy. Like everyone else, I have plenty to do, but I try to keep up with my work. Now, what's on your mind?
      Tony: That's it! That's it exactly!
      Hampton: I'm not following you.
      Tony: Excuse me, but you were talking about keeping up with your work, keeping on 3)schedule. That's my problem. I can never seem to keep up with all my responsibilities, no matter how hard I try. And next year I'd like to try working part- time for some more spending money. If I can't manage my time right, I won't be able to do either well.
      Hampton: Now that would be a problem, wouldn't it? I'm a believer in working to take care of one's bills, but I also believe you have to do things well, or they're not worth doing.
      Tony: And so I've come to my advisor for some advice. I know this isn't an 4)academic problem, madam, but I'd really like some help with this one.
      Hampton: I'm afraid the answer to your problem isn't in any of our textbooks, Tony. But maybe a little common sense will see you through.
      Tony: I'm afraid I don't have much common sense, or I could figure out what to do on my own.
      Hampton: Well, consider these tips for time management. First, don't bite off more than you can chew. Take a full study load - not more - and plan your time 5)accordingly.
      Tony: I thought I was doing that now.
      Hampton: Chances are you're not using your time 6)efficiently, Tony. Remember, too, "Work when you work, and play when you play." Divide your day and night into two or three hour periods when you can concentrate on either studying or working. Don't let yourself be interrupted by anyone.
      Tony: I see what you mean. A lot of times I'll join my friends in going out after only an hour of studying. I feel good that I'm studying, so I go out with them.
      Hampton: And if you plan your time week by week rather than day by day, you'll find you have more time than you thought possible. Including time for a part-time job, especially on the weekends. Well, give it a try. I'd like to know how you handle it.
      Tony: Thanks a lot, Dr. Hampton.
      Hampton: Now get back to your studies, Tony. Finals are coming.
      Tony: You're telling me! (He stands up.) Thanks again, madam.
      Hampton: You're entirely welcome. See you!
      Tony: Bye!
      1) budget  v. 预算
      2) semester  n. 学期
      3) schedule  n. 时间表,进度表
      4) academic  a. 学院的,理论的
      5) accordingly  ad. 因此,从而
      6) efficiently  ad. 有效率地,有效地
      Uriel Yak尤里专线 (1)
      Uriel: Hello, this is Uriel. Welcome to Uriel Yak! I have with me in the studio Philip Short. Philip is a British man living in China. He's going to tell us about his experiences here. Philip, what made you want to go to China?
      Phillip: Well, I think it's because of my grandmother. She used to live near the University of York, and many times she used to have foreign people to live with her for maybe five months at a time. We used to have Chinese people for, sort of, a few months, and Japanese people, French people.... It was quite an international house sometimes. And we used to go out to them with part ... to parties, and we used to go to the University and they used to show me around. And I was ... I was sixteen at this time. And the last people were, the last two was a man and a woman, and they were I think about thirty, and they ... they used to talk to me about China, hours and hours at night when they used to stay at my grandmother's house.
      U: When you started teaching -- it was in Tianjin --you suddenly had a class of students. You'd never taught before, had you?
      P: Never. No, never.
      U: How many students did you have in your classes?
      P: The first classes I had sixty-two, I think it was.
      U: Sixty-two in one class?
      P: Yes.
      U: About eighteen years old?
      P: Well, eighteen to nineteen, yeah. So that was quite ... that was, well ... hard to say the least -- controlling the back, the back ....
      U: The back rows.
      P: Yes, they were the worst ones. But slowly I began to pull them towards the front and the situation got better. I used to try and get them to think about China, and not take things for granted. And why China may be unique, and maybe why it's so different to England. So in a way I tried to make them understand differences about themselves. But, but ... for the best reasons.
      U: What ideas did you come away with? Can you give us some specific pointers? Any particular themes that you were addressing with these Chinese students?
      P: Yes, well, one of the main themes was young people.
      U: Young people?
      P: Yeah, and obviously they were teenagers, so the .... I think it's quite a major issue ... issue to them.
      U: What about boyfriends and girlfriends? How are the Chinese different from the British people -- say, in your university, when ... when you were studying?
      P: I think that maybe Chinese students are a lot more romantic. They have quite a romanticized vision of boyfriend and girlfriends.
      U: You mean, if a boyfriend-girlfriend get together typically they'll expect to eventually get married or be together for life?
      P: Yes, in a way I think that in England a boyfriend/girlfriend is just something quite transitional -- it's just something that's going to move on and you don't think about it.
      U: You know it's temporary, right?
      P: That's it, yeah, but in China I think there's more a tendency to look towards a future, a major future with that person.
      U: Is that just -- you know, about Western people being transitional and relationships being temporary -- is that just an idea that people have in ... about Western relationships, or is that something that's true in your own experience, say with .... If you think about your friends, are they in relationships that they figure are probably going to last only a short time?
      P: Yeah, I think so. I think that it's a lot easier to move around between different partners. And it's ... it's not seen as .... There's not a stigma attached to doing that. I think that in China if you do that you're seen ... you're labeled easier. And it's ... it's something that people try and stay away from. Especially ... especially girls. Maybe .... I'm not saying that in England girls constantly have different boyfriends every week, but I think it's not as much of an issue.
      U: Say like .... Before marriage, in England, it wouldn't be unusual for a girl to have maybe what, three, four, five boyfriends?
      P: Yeah. Yeah, and that's seen as quite, quite acceptable. Maybe not by her family as much but by ... socially ....
      U: Her peers.
      P: Her peers, yeah. It's ... it's quite fine. I suppose that in that sense it's quite a major difference.
      U: What other significant points of difference are there between the Chinese and the Western people in your experience?
      P: Well, I'll say food.
      U: Yeah?
      P: But that's partly cultural. And I think...
      U: Food ...? In what way? Would you like to ....
      P: Well the food thing .... For example I .... Before I came to China I think food was the major issue. People would say to me, oh you .... Some of the things you'll have to eat .... You'll eat snake, monkey, which is quite .... I mean, I .... Obviously it's not possible to eat monkey but this was .... I think people in England have got a strange idea of ... of food in ... in China. Which is partly true.
      U: But in England you ... you .... You have Chinese food restaurants everywhere, don't you?
      P: We do but it's a special type of English Chinese, which has been tainted to suit the taste buds ....
      U: The Western palate.
      P: Yes.
      U: Well how about all the .... What about all the Chinese people living in England? What do they eat -- in restaurants?
      P: Well I don't think they go to Chinese restaurants. I .... Unless it's a ... a... quite a spectacular one, where they maybe know that the people who ... who ... who work there .... They would mostly keep away from the Chinese restaurants.
      U: Well, where'd the Chinese people eat -- the Italian restaurants?
      P: I think so, yeah. Pizza Huts.
      U: Philip, thank you very much for joining us here at Uriel Yak, it's been a pleasure talking to you! And please tune in next time for our Uriel Yak show!
      Anyone Of Us (Stupid Mistake)
      Written by Jorgen Elofsson/ Per Magnusson/ David Kreuger
      Vocal: Gareth Gates
      选自专辑:What My Heart Wants to Say
      I've been letting you down, down
      Girl I know I've been such a fool
      Giving in to temptation
      I should've played it cool
      The situation got out of hand
      I hope you understand
      It can happen to anyone of us
      Anyone you think of
      Anyone can fall
      Anyone can hurt someone they love
      Hearts will break
      'Cos I made a stupid mistake
      It can happen to anyone of us
      Say you will forgive me
      Anyone can fail
      Say you will believe me
      I can't take, my heart will break
      'Cos I made a stupid mistake
      A stupid mistake
      She was kind of exciting
      A little crazy, I should've known
      She must have altered my senses
      As I offered to walk her home
      The situation got out of hand
      I hope you understand
      It can happen to anyone of us
      Anyone you think of
      Anyone can fall
      Anyone can hurt someone they love
      Hearts will break
      'Cos I made a stupid mistake
      It can happen to anyone of us
      Say you will forgive me
      Anyone can fail
      Say you will believe me
      I can't take, my heart will break
      'Cos I made a stupid mistake
      A stupid mistake
      A stupid mistake
      She means nothing to me
      Nothing to me
      I swear every word is true
      Don't wanna lose you
      The situation got out of hand
      I hope you understand
      It can happen to anyone of us
      Anyone you think of
      Anyone can fall
      Anyone can hurt someone they love
      Oh yeah hearts will break
      'Cos I made a stupid mistake
      It can happen to anyone of us
      Say you will forgive me
      Anyone can fail
      Say you will believe me
      I can't take, my heart will break
      'Cos I made a stupid mistake
      Anyone can fall
      Anyone can hurt someone they love
      Oh yeah hearts will break
      'Cos I made a stupid mistake
      A stupid mistake
      For Everything There is a Season
      from Ecclesiastes
      For everything there is a season, and a time for every purpose under the heaven:
      A time to be born and a time to die;
      A time to plant and a time to 1)pluck up that which has planted;
      A time to kill and a time to 2)heal;
      A time to break down and a time to build up;
      A time to weep and a time to laugh;
      A time to morn and a time to dance;
      A time to 3)cast away stones and a time to gather stones together;
      A time to 4)embrace and a time to 5)refrain from embracing;
      A time to get and a time to lose;
      A time to keep and a time to cast away;
      A time to 6)rend and a time to sew;
      A time to keep silence and a time to speak;
      A time to love and a time to hate;
      A time of war and a time of peace.
      1) pluck up 拔起,振作
      2) heal  v. 治愈
      3) cast away 投掷
      4) embrace  v. 拥抱
      5) refrain  v. 节制,避免
      6) rend  v. 撕碎
      I Like for You to be Still
      Read by Glenn Close
      I like for you to be still: it is as though you are 1)absent
      and you hear me from far away and my voice does not touch you
      It seems as though your eyes had flown away
      and it seems that a kiss had sealed your mouth
      As all things are filled with my soul
      you emerge from the things, filled with my soul
      You are like my soul, a butterfly of dreams
      and you are like the word 2)Melancholy
      I like for you to be still, and you seem far away
      It sounds as though you are 3)lamenting, a butterfly cooing like a dove
      And you hear me from far away, and my voice does not reach you
      Let me come to be still in your silence
      And let me talk to you with your silence
      that is bright as a lamp, simple as a ring
      You are like the night, with its stillness and 4)constellations
      Your silence is that of a star, as remote and 5)candid
      I like for you to be still: it is as though you are absent
      distant and full of sorrow, as though you had died
      One word then, one smile, is enough
      And I'm happy, happy that it's not true
      1) absent  a. 缺席不在
      2) melancholy  n. 忧郁
      3) lamenting  a. 悲伤的,悲哀的
      4) constellation  n. 群星,星座
      5) candid  a. 坦白的,纯洁的,白色的
      Harry Potter and the Chamber of Secrets
      (Scene 1: Harry Potter was born a wizard but after Voldemort, an evil wizard, kills his parents, he is raised by his relatives, the Dursleys, who treats him more like vermin than like a family member.)
      Uncle Vernon: I'm warning you. If you don't control that 1)bloody bird, it'll have to go!
      Harry: But she's bored. If I could only let her out... for an hour or two.
      Uncle Vernon: Harumph. So you can send secret messages to your 2)freaking little friends? No, sir!
      Harry: But I haven't had any messages from any of my friends. Not one - all summer.
      Dudley: Who'd want to be friends with you?
      Uncle Vernon: I should think you'd be a little more grateful. We've raised you since you were a baby, given you the food off our table, even let you have Dudley's second bedroom, purely out of the goodness of our hearts.
      Aunt Petunia: Not now, Hopkins, not when the Masons arrive.
      Uncle Vernon: ...which should be any minute! And, now, let's go over our schedule once again, shall we? Petunia, when the Masons arrive you will be...
      Aunt Petunia: ...in the lounge, waiting to welcome them 3)graciously to our home.
      Uncle Vernon: Good. And Dudley, you will be...
      Dudley: I'll be waiting to open the door.
      Uncle Vernon: Excellent! (Pause several seconds, to Harry, 4)menacing) And you?
      Harry: I'll be in my bedroom, making no noise and pretending that I don't exist.
      Uncle Vernon: Too right you will! With any luck this could well be the day I make the biggest deal in my career, and you will not 5)mess it up!
      (Scene 2: When Harry enters his bedroom, the house elf Dobby is waiting for him who warns him that under no circumstances is he to return to Hogwarts, where a great danger is waiting for him.)
      Dobby: (Jumping up and down on Harry's bed) Nah hah! Whoo hoo hoo! (Seeing Harry) Harry Potter! Such an honour it is!
      Harry: Who are you?
      Dobby: Dobby, sir. Dobby, the house elf.
      Harry: Not to be rude or anything, but this isn't a great time for me to have a house elf in my bedroom.
      Dobby: Oh. Oh, yes, sir. Dobby understands. It's just that, Dobby has come to tell you... it is difficult, sir... Dobby wonders where to begin.
      Harry: Why don't you sit down.
      Dobby: (Surprised) Sit down? Sit... sit down? Oooooh ho ho! (6)Wailing) Oooooh ho ho !
      Harry: Dobby, please, I'm sorry, I didn't mean to offend you or anything.
      Dobby: Offend Dobby!? Dobby has heard of your greatness, sir, but never has he been asked to sit down by a wizard, like an equal!
      Harry: You can't have met many 7)decent wizards then.
      Dobby: No! I haven't! It was an awful thing to say. (Stomping, pounding his head on the wall) Bad bobby! Bad bobby!
      Harry: Dobby! Please Stop!
      Dobby: Dobby had to punish himself, sir. Dobby almost 8)spoke ill of his family, sir.
      Harry: Your family!
      Dobby: The wizard family Dobby serves, sir. Dobby's bound to serve one family forever. If they ever knew Dobby was here... (shivery) oooo! But Dobby had to come. Dobby has to protect Harry Potter! To warn him! Harry Potter must not go back to Hogwart's School of 9)Witchcraft and 10)Wizardry this year. There is a plot; a plot to make the most terrible things happen!
      Harry: What terrible things? Who's 11)plotting them?
      Dobby: Ooh! Dare... can't ... say!
      Harry: OK. I understand. You can't say.
      Dobby: (Tearing sound) Erck! Ack! Aah...
      (Scene 3: Harry meets the Malfoys in the Diagon Alley.)
      Draco Malfoy: (Jealously) Bet you loved that, 12)didn't ya, Potter!? Famous Harry Potter! Can't even enter a bookstore without makin' the front page!
      Ginny: Leave him alone!
      Draco Malfoy: Alright, Potter, ya got yourself a girlfriend!
      Lucius Malfoy: Now, Draco. Play nicely. (To Harry) Mr. Potter? (Introduce self) Lucius Malfoy. We meet at last. Forgive me, your scar is legend as, of course is the wizard who gave it to you.
      Harry: Voldemort killed my parents. He was nothing more than a murderer!
      Lucius Malfoy: Hmmm. You must be very brave to mention his name, or very foolish.
      Hermione: Fear of a name only increases fear of the thing itself.
      Lucius Malfoy: And you must be Miss Granger. Yes, Drake has told me all about you, and your parents... 13)Muggles, aren't they? (To Ron) Let me see. Red hair, 14)vacant expressions, 15)tatty, second-hand book... you must be at the Weasley's.
      Arthur Weasley: Children! It's not in here! That side!
      Lucius Malfoy: Where, where, where? Weasley senior.
      Arthur Weasley: Lucius.
      Lucius Malfoy: Busy time at the Ministry, Arthur -- those extra 16)raids. I do hope they paid you 17)overtime. But judging by the state of this, I'd say not. As for you, sir, a disgrace to the name of wizard. And they don't even pay you well for it?
      Arthur Weasley: We have a very different idea about what disgraces the name of wizard, Malfoy.
      Lucius Malfoy: Clever! Associating with Muggles! And I thought your family could sink no lower. I'll see you at work.
      Draco Malfoy: (To Harry) See you at school.
      (Scene 4: Mrs. Weasley sends Ron a Howler by owl.)
      Neville: Bloody bird's a menace!
      Ron: Oh, No!
      Draco Malfoy: Look everyone. Weasley's got himself a Howler!
      Colin: Go on Ron, I ignored one from my gramps, once. It was horrible!
      Howler: (Mrs. Weasley yells) Wild Weasley! How dare you steal that car! I am absolutely disgusted! Your father's now facing an enquiry at work, and it's entirely your fault! If you put another toe out of line, we'll bring you straight home! (Sweetly) Oh, and Ginny, Dear. Congratulations on making Gryffindor. Your father and I are so proud!
      (Ron sits stunned, and the Howler smashes itself into pieces.)
      (Scene 5: In Hogwarts, strange things start to happen. People are becoming petrified, and no-one knows what is doing it. The students are told the story of the Chamber of Secrets.)
      Professor McGonagall: Yes, Miss Granger?
      Hermione: Professor, I was wondering if you could tell us about... the chamber of secrets.
      Professor McGonagall: Very well. Now you all know, of course, that Hogwarts was founded over a thousand years ago by the four greatest witches and wizards of the age. Godrick Gryffindor, Helga Hufflepuff, Rowena Ravenclaw, and Salazar Slytherin. And three of the founders 18)coexisted quite 19)harmoniously. One did not.
      Ron: Three guesses who.
      Professor McGonagall: Salazar Slytherin wished to be more 20)selective about the students admitted to Hogwarts. He believed magical learning should be kept within all magic families; in other words, purebloods. Unable to sway the others, he decided to leave the school. Now, according to legend, Slytherin had built a hidden chamber in this castle known as the chamber of secrets. Though shortly before 21)departing, he sealed it, until that time when his own true 22)heir returned to the school. The heir, alone, would be able to open the chamber and 23)unleash the horror within and, by so doing, 24)purge the school of all those who, in Slytherin's view, were unworthy to study magic.
      Hermione: Muggle-borns.
      Professor McGonagall: Well, naturally, the school has been searched many times. No such chamber has been found.
      Hermione: Professor, What exactly does legend tell us lies within the chamber?
      Professor McGonagall: Well, the chamber is said to be home to something that only the heir of Slytherin can control. It is said to be the home of a 25)monster.
      (Scene 6: An unordinary diary provides the clues for Harry and his friends to the chamber where Harry sees the deadly Ginny and Tom Marvolo Riddle, the diary's owner. Tom then tells Harry his secrets.)
      Harry: Ginny! Oh, Ginny, please don't be dead! Wake up! Wake up! Please wake up.
      Tom: She won't wake.
      Harry: Tom!? Tom Riddle!? What do you mean she won’t wake?
      Tom: She's not. She's still alive. But only just.
      Harry: Are you the ghost?
      Tom: Her memory preserved in a diary for fifty years.
      Harry: She's cold as ice! Oh Ginny. Please don't be dead. Wake up. You've got to help me, Tom. This basilisk....
      Tom: It won't come until it's called.
      (Picking up Harry's wand on the ground.)
      Harry: (Vigilantly) Give me my 26)wand, Tom.
      Tom: You won't be needing it.
      Harry: Listen, we've got to go. We've got to save her!
      Tom: I'm afraid I can't do that, Harry. You see, as poor Ginny grows weaker, I grow stronger. Yes, Harry, it was Ginny Weasley who opened the chamber of secrets.
      Harry: No, she couldn't. She wouldn't.
      Tom: It was Ginny who set the basilisk on the 27)mudbloods and Filcher's cat. It was Ginny who wrote the threatening messages on the walls.
      Harry: Why?
      Tom: Because I told her to. You'll find I can be very... 28)persuasive. Not if Ginny knew what she was doing. She was, shall we say, in a kind of trance. Still the power of the diary began to scare her and she tried to 29)dispose of it in the girl's bathroom. And then, who should find it, but you... the very person I was most anxious to meet.
      Harry: Why did you want to meet me?
      Tom: I knew I had to talk to you; meet you if I could. So I decided to show you my capture of that 30)brainless old Hagrid to gain your trust.
      Harry: Hagrid's my friend. And you 31)framed him, didn't you?
      Tom: It was my word against Hagrid's. Only Dumbledor seemed to think he was innocent.
      Harry: I bet Dumbledor saw right through you.
      Tom: He certainly kept an annoyingly close watch on me after that. I knew it wouldn't be safe to open the chamber again when I was still at school, so I decided to leave behind a diary, preserving my sixteen year old self in its pages, so that one day I would be able to lead another to finish Salazar Slytherin's noble work.
      Harry: Well, you haven't finished it this time. In a few hours, the 32)mandrake draft'll be ready and everyone who's 33)petrified will be alright together.
      Tom: Haven't I told you? Killing mudbloods doesn't matter to me anymore. For many months now, my new target... has been you. How is it that a baby with no extraordinary magical talent was able to defeat the greatest wizard of all time? How did you escape with nothing but a scar, while Lord Voldemort's powers were destroyed?
      Harry: Why do you care how I escaped? Voldemort was after your time.
      Tom: Voldemort is my past, present and future!
      1) bloody  a. (英鄙) 该死的
      2) freaking  a. 反常态的,捉摸不定的
      3) graciously  ad. 和蔼地
      4) menace  v. 威吓
      5) mess up 搞砸
      6) wail  v. 痛哭
      7) decent  a. (口)相当好的,体面的
      8) speak ill of sb. 说某人坏话
      9) witchcraft  n. 魔法
      10) wizardry  n. 巫术
      11) plot  v. 阴谋策划
      12) di'nt ya 即 didn't you
      13) muggle  n. 麻瓜,在电影中指不会魔法的人类。
      14) vacant  a. 头脑空虚的,神情茫然的
      15) tatty  a. 破旧的,褴褛的
      16) raid  n. 奇袭,搜捕
      17) overtime  n. 加班
      18) coexist  v. 共存,共处
      19) harmoniously  ad. 和谐地
      20) selective  a. 选择性的
      21) departing  n. 离开
      22) heir  n. 继承人
      23) unleash  v. 释放
      24) purge  v. 净化
      25) monster  n. 怪兽
      26) wand  n. 棒,杖
      27) mudblood  n. 在电影中指生于麻瓜家庭的魔法师
      28) persuasive  a. 善于说服的
      29) dispose of 解决,除掉
      30) brainless  a. 愚笨的
      31) frame  v. 陷害
      32) mandrake  n. 曼德拉草
      33) petrify  v. 石化
      Jacko's Millions
      So how did 1)Jacko 2)hit the jackpot? Well, it was as easy as this: Whether you actually like the shape of his ever changing nose or not, there is no doubt that Michael Jackson can smell a hit and a good business deal. Music has been the 3)baseline for every cent of Jacko's fortune. But the 4)mega 5)bucks only started rolling in from his 6)solo career with his new record label CBS, though the boss took some convincing.
      Walter Yetnikoff (Former President, CBS): Michael then, his big song was a song about a dead rat, named Ben, if you recall that one. And I said, "I ain't giving millions of dollars to these kids and the lead is singing about a dead rat." You know, I don't know if I want to do this. But we did anyhow. At the beginning, the first album or two as the group were not all that great 7)in terms of sales.
      But in '79, Off The Wall blew all those doubts away. Jacko's first solo album on CBS sold an impressive 15 million and produced four big hits.
      Paul Cambaccini (Music Expert): He'd grown up, he'd made it. I mean, you actually thought when Off The Wall was a success, Michael Jackson was now an adult, his "Jackson 5" youth was behind him.
      No prizes for guessing what Jacko produced next -- Thriller, the album of the 8)decade.
      Walter Yetnikoff: It was unbelievable, something like that had never happened before. We were selling in the United States alone a million albums a week. You maybe make five bucks a record, you are making five million dollars a week, so you are making 20 million dollars a month and worldwide we were making even more because money was pouring in from everywhere. And there was another one of those phenomenon's where sometimes you're better off just taking your hands off and letting it go.
      Thriller sold more than 50 million copies, a figure that has never been topped. The king of pop had won his 9)crown.
      Walter Yetnikoff: I don't think he had in mind, you know, a particular number. But he wanted to be the biggest artist in the world and earn more than anybody else, and have a higher 10)royalty than anyone else.
      Seth Riggs (Voice Trainer): Michael sings more high c's in one song than some of the opera singers in an entire opera. He uses his voice sometimes very cussedly. You know, all those little 11)yelps and things he does, you know, and then he calls and sometimes he just out loud goes and goes "oooh", you know, just things like that. Just crazy little things that he has become identified with. But he constantly is trying to find different things to do with his voice.
      The triumph of Thriller, one album, seven hit singles, reached its peak with Motown's 25th birthday celebration. Jacko and the moonwalk went 12)stratospheric. Thriller's success was truly astonishing. The album earned Jacko 127 million dollars, nearly 88 million pounds and he was well on the way to conquering a new 13)spin off, the pop video.
      Paul Cambaccini: MTV had just opened up and America, in particular, was just getting this 14)diet of music videos and Michael established himself as the king of the music video, right place, right time, right talent.
      Vincent Paterson (Choreographer): You know, I got the opportunity to work with Michael a lot during what I call "the 15)heyday". You know, and, at the point everything was always a rush, especially as a choreographer/director because you knew that, first of all, your work was going to be seen by half the people on the globe. The fun part of the years I worked with Michael was that, in every video, we sort of played with different techniques, I mean, I took stuff from Smooth Criminal and gave him the first bit of partner dancing that he had ever done or that most people had ever seen on MTV as well as some effect things, you know, with those guys leaning over and all. When I did Black and White, I put in dancers from all over the world and then Michael learned little 16)snippets of pieces that were international folk dances basically. So Michael has never shied away from any form of dance at all. He's the best male dancer that has ever appeared on music videos, ever, in the history of music videos, and probably ever will be.
      Brett Pulley (Financial Expert): There is no doubt that Michael Jackson is one of the kings of the big spenders. I mean, an extremely 17)lavish lifestyle.
      Taking into account absolutely everything he shelled out last year, Jacko spent on average, wait for it... more than $100,000 a day, 69,000 quid! That's a Barret starter home every twenty-four hours. But now he just can't afford it, so Jacko's been borrowing big time.
      Roger Friedman (Fox News): His biggest investments are in his song catalogues and in 18)Neverland, real estate and music, which on the face of it would seem very good investments, but unfortunately he uses them constantly to borrow against. His debts are threatening to suffocate him.
      Jackson was forced to settle some debts with Sony, by selling the company half the 19)lucrative Beatles catalogue. Albeit at four times what he paid for it, but his debts, especially with Sony, still run to a quarter of a billion bucks, 172 million pounds. That's a hell of a lot of 20)I.O.U's!
      He's simply spending more than his earning. With one of his main forms of incomes, record sales, on the slide. Remember, Thriller sold more than 50 million copies, then there was Bad that did 25 million. Good. Dangerous did 26 million. Then we're down to History which did 15 million; quite good for most artists but for Michael Jackson, sorry, not good enough! Then there was Blood on the Dance Floor down, to the lower numbers, 4 million and finally Invicible a measly 2 million.
      He's earned over half a billion dollars, but what's left after tax and all that excessive spending? Well, take those monster debts from his lucrative investments to discover our exclusive 21)liquid assets total. Today the King Of Pop is worth a disappointing third of a billion dollars, just 225 million pounds. He is hardly on the 22)breadline, but it's not much for thirty years at the top of the pop world!
      但到了1979年,《Off The Wall》推出后让顾虑烟消云散。小杰在CBS出的第一张个人专辑卖出1500万张,令人刮目相看,并唱红了其中四首歌。
      保罗·肯巴西尼(音乐专家):他成长了,他成功了。我是说,从《Off The Wall》的畅销,令人真的看到迈克尔·杰克逊长大了,他超越了“杰克逊五兄弟” 时期的青涩。
      文森特·帕特森(舞蹈指导):我和迈克尔合作过多次,我把那段日子成为全盛时期。工作每每十万火急,尤其是我当时同时身兼舞蹈指导和导演,而你知道,全世界有半数人会看到这个作品。我和迈克尔合作的那几年中,有意思的是我们在每个音乐电视片中都做创新。比如我在《Smooth Criminal》中,首创让他与拍挡双双起舞,很多人是第一次从MTV上看到这种手法,还有一些让舞者作人体倾斜的效果等等。在制作《Black and White》的时候,我加进世界各地的舞者,让迈克尔学跳各国民族舞蹈。迈克尔是非常乐于尝试各种舞蹈风格的。他是有音乐电视以来最好的男舞蹈演员,是音乐电视史历来最好的舞者,也许永远都是。
      如今他是入不敷出。作为他主要收入来源之一的唱片销量也在往下滑。要记得,《Thriller》曾劲卖了5000多万张,《Bad》卖了2500多万张。很好。《Dangerous》卖了2600多万张,然后《History》跌到1500万张。许多艺术家来能做到这已经算不错了,但对于迈克尔·杰克逊来说,抱歉,还不够好!接下来的《Blood on the Dance Floor》是400万,更少了。最后一张《Invincible》只得可怜的200万。
      1) Jacko是Jackson的昵称
      2) hit the jackpot 大获成功,发大财
      3) baseline  n. 起点,基础
      4) mega  n. 百万
      5) buck  n.  (口语)美元
      6) solo  a. 单独的
      7) in terms of 在……方面
      8) decade  n. 十年,文中特指20世纪80年代。
      9) crown  n. 王冠
      10) royalty  n. 版税
      11) yelp  n. 叫喊
      12) stratospheric  a. 最高部分的
      13) spin off 派生出的副产品
      14) diet  a. 日常大量接触到的东西
      15) heyday  n. 全盛期
      16) snippet  n. 片断
      17) lavish  a. 奢侈的
      18) Neverland是杰克逊在洛杉矶附近的家,取名自童话《彼得·潘》中的梦幻岛。
      19) lucrative  a. 有利的
      20) I.O.U即I owe you
      21) liquid assets 流动资产
      22) breadline  n. 等待分配救济食物的队伍
      Next Time That You Think You're Having a Bad Day...
      1. The average cost of 1)rehabilitating one seal after the (Exxon) Valdez oil 2)spill in Alaska was $80,000. At a special ceremony, two of the most expensively-saved animals were released back into the wild 3)amid cheers and 4)applause from 5)onlookers. A minute later a 6)killer whale ate them both.
      2. In 1992, Frank Perkins of Los Angeles made an attempt on the world flagpole-sitting record. Suffering from the flu, he came down eight hours short of the 400-day record; his 7)sponsor had 8)gone bust, his girlfriend had left him and his phone and electricity had been 9)cut off.
      3. A woman came home to find her husband in the kitchen, shaking 10)frantically with what looked like a wire running from his waist towards the electric 11)kettle. Intending to 12)jolt him away from the 13)deadly 14)current, she 15)whacked him with a 16)handy 17)plank of wood by the back door, breaking his arm in two places. Until that moment, he had been happily listening to his walkman.
      4.Two animal rights protesters were protesting the cruelty of sending pigs to a 18)slaughterhouse in Bonn. Suddenly the pigs, all two thousand of them, escaped through a broken fence and 19)stampeded, 20)trampling the two hapless protesters to death.
      5. Iraqi terrorist, Khay Rahnajet, didn't pay enough postage on a letter bomb. It came back with "return to sender" stamped on it. Forgetting it was the bomb, he opened it and was blown to bits.
      1) rehabilitate  v. 使身体康复
      2) spill  n. 溢出
      3) amid  prep. 在……中
      4) applause  n. 鼓掌声
      5) onlooker  n. 旁观人
      6) killer whale 老虎鲸,杀人鲸
      7) sponsor  n. 赞助人
      8) go bust 破产
      9) cut off 切断,使停止
      10) frantically  adv. 疯狂似地
      11) kettle  n. 壶,罐
      12) jolt  v. 震摇
      13) deadly  a. 致命的
      14) current  n. 电流
      15) whack  v. 重击
      16) handy  a. 手边的,就近的
      17) plank  n. 板条,厚板
      18) slaughterhouse  n. 屠宰场
      19) stampede  v. 惊跑
      20) trample  v. 践踏
      J.R.R. Tolkien and A Legend He Created
      Tolkien's grand themes would play out in the world of Middle Earth. It was a world created in his head but 1)imbued with his two greatest loves -- languages and 2)mythology -- loves that were 3)ignited by his mother.
      Tolkien Expert: She knew French and German and Latin. She encouraged him to enjoy language; not only to study language, but to enjoy language. She got him to thinking about language.
      4)Linguistics would be Tolkien's constant 5)obsession. As a child, he spent days locked away in his room creating languages.
      Tolkien Expert: While a lot of children invent languages of their own, nonsense languages, Tolkien took this to the max. He took it very seriously and invented his own language which he called Nafereen.
      Years later, his self-described "mad hobby" would find its way into The Lord of the Rings.
      "When he saw Strider, he 6)dismounted and ran to meet him, calling out, 'Ai na vedui Dúnadan! Mae govannen'. His speech and clear ringing voice left no doubt in their hearts the rider was of the Elven folk." (The Fellowship of the Ring, page 204)
      As Tolkien 7)scribbled out chapter after chapter of Rings in his barely legible handwriting, his real life experiences began to influence his writing. His days in the English countryside, the lessons of his Catholic upbringing, and especially his horrific time spent in battle during World War I would also find its way onto the pages of his new novel.
      Christopher Lee ("Sarumen"): And there's a scene where you see Hobbits - they go through the dead 8)marshes and they see all the dead faces staring up at them through the water, as a result of these terrible battles, that was actually based on Tolkien's own experiences in World War I when he saw these 9)appalling massacres of soldiers, which took place in battlefields.
      "I saw them. 10)Grim faces and evil, and noble faces and sad. Many faces proud and fair, and 11)weeds in their silver hair. But all foul, all rotting, all dead."  (The Two Towers, page 614)
      In 1940, Tolkien's publisher, Allen and Unwin, eagerly awaited the new Hobbit book.  However, Tolkien's pursuit of perfection slowed the process.
      Tolkien Expert: He was a 12)perfectionist, so that he would write, push to one side, rewrite, push to one side, rewrite, but it was as if he always had to start from the beginning again every time.
      Tolkien was writing not a book, but a history of Middle Earth that was rich with detail.
      Elijah Wood ("Frodo"): These books were written with such depth and 13)density and sort of attention to detail, that they almost seem like history. Like you can read them and almost believe they really happened.
      Sure, even the smallest detail was scrutinized. He created maps, charts and an 14)appendix the size of most books. In Tolkien's mind, he wasn't just creating a fantasy world, but an ancient mythology for England. It is this eye for detail that separated Tolkien's work from that of other fantasy writers and forever changed the 15)genre.
      Tolkien Expert: He gave fairy tale a kind of geography and a map, and a history, and a 16)chronology, and a whole world in which to exist and the worlds were connected up with each other.
      His 17)dedication to detail, 18)workload at Oxford, and occasional lack of interest, caused the writing process to 19)drag on. Tolkien began to doubt whether he would ever finish. Encouragement would come from a 20)fellow member of the Oxford community, C.S. Lewis, a writer who would carve his own 21)niche in the world of fantasy writing with works like, The Lion, The Witch and the Wardrobe. Over a 22)pint at the local pub, Tolkien began to share chapters of his new book with Lewis, who became 23)enthralled with the work.
      Tolkien Expert: Tolkien would never have finished The Lord of the Rings without Lewis' continuous encouragement. And Tolkien really needed somebody like that.
      In 1949, twelve years after he had started, J.R.R.Tolkien sat on his attic bed. Using two fingers, he typed out a complete draft of Rings. The book contained dozens of characters, 62 chapters, and lots of pages. Rings was over 1,000 pages so the editors wanted to break it up into three volumes.
      Tolkien Expert: They had to talk him into publishing it as a 24)trilogy. He saw it as a single book, The Lord of the Rings.
      The first volume of The Lord of the Rings, 25)entitled, The Fellowship of the Ring, was published in August of 1954. The final two volumes would be released over the next 14 months. To the author's dismay, many 26)interpreted the book as an 27)allegory for World War II.
      Tolkien Expert: He discouraged any sort of 28)allegorical reading where, as a one-for-one 29)correspondence between what's in the book and what's in the world, so that Tom Bonneville's neutral territory is not Switzerland and Mordor is not Nazi Germany.
      Rings proved to be a steady seller over the next decade. The income from book sales even allowed for Tolkien to take an early retirement from Oxford. The author 30)settled in, planning to spend a quiet retirement writing. Then, in the midst of the 31)turbulent 60's,   Rings was released in 32)paperback in the United States. Instantly, the book became a "must read" for 33)disillusioned college students across the country.
      Tolkien Expert: First of all as an anti-war book, this was the era when 34)resistance to the Vietnam War was growing, especially on college campuses.
      Tolkien Expert: The readers were primarily those who had been dropping away from mainstream society. And they happened to meet Tolkien in the woods of Middle Earth.
      By 1968, the book had sold over three million copies and made an 35)unwanted 36)cult hero out of its quiet and reserved author.
      Tolkien Expert: Tolkien was quite horrified by many aspects of the "37)hippie" adoption of, I mean, "drug culture" ? Tolkien just wouldn't know anything about that!
      Over the next several years, The Lord of the Rings would reach all corners of the globe. It would be translated into over 25 languages, 38)dissected in college classrooms, and sung about in pop songs. Generation after generation would connect with the book's themes and see them through the 39)prism of their time.
      “他一看到大步,就翻下马来迎着大步跑上去,一边大声喊着“Ai na vedui Dúnadan! Mae govannen(精灵语)。”他的话语和那金铃般的嗓音使他们确信无疑,来者是精灵族。”(《魔戒再现》第204页)
      1) imbue  v. 浸透
      2) mythology  n. 神话
      3) ignite  v. 点燃
      4) linguistics  n. 语言学
      5) obsession  n. 迷恋
      6) dismount  v. 下马
      7) scribble out 信手写来,匆匆写下
      8) marsh  n. 沼泽
      9) appalling  a. 令人震惊的
      10) grim  a. 严酷的
      11) weed  n. 野草
      12) perfectionist  n. 完美主义者
      13) density  n. 密度
      14) appendix  n. 附录
      15) genre  n. 流派
      16) chronology  n. 年表
      17) dedication  n.奉献,专注
      18) workload  n. 工作量
      19) drag on 拖拉
      20) fellow  n. 朋友,同事
      21) niche  n. 神圣的或合适的地位
      22) pint  n. 品脱
      23) enthrall  v. 迷惑
      24) trilogy  n. 三部曲
      25) entitle  v. 命名为
      26) interpret  v. 认为是……意思
      27) allegory  n. 寓言
      28) allegorical  a. 寓言的
      29) correspondence  n. 相应
      30) settle in 迁入新居并安顿好
      31) turbulent  a. 狂暴的,吵闹的
      32) paperback  n. 平装本
      33) disillusioned  a. 觉醒了的,醒悟了的
      34) resistance  n. 反抗
      35) unwanted  a. 多余的,讨厌的
      36) cult  n. 礼拜,一群信徒
      37) hippie  n. 嬉皮士
      38) dissect  v. 仔细研究
      39) prism  n. 棱镜
      The Hubble
      When most people think of space, what comes to mind are names like 1)John Glenn and Neil Armstrong. When scientists think about space, the name that comes to mind is Hubble, a space telescope we sent on a twenty-year journey to explore the 2)origins of the universe. It's already being called the most scientifically significant space project we ever 3)embarked on. Taking pictures of the universe that literally let you and me and everyone else look back in time and see what the universe looked like 13 billion years ago.
      The images are like nothing ever seen before, as much art as science, visions of a universe more violent and fantastic than anyone had dared to imagine. Everything from razor-sharp views of the planets in our own 4)solar system, to the vast stellar nurseries where stars and planets are born. Some show us the 5)explosive 6)outbursts of dying 7)suns, others the 8)swirling 9)masses of stars that make up the 10)galaxies. But Hubble isn't just giving us extraordinary pictures, it's helping astronomers unlock the secrets of the universe.
      Morgan: You know, people have been wondering about how the universe began probably since the caveman, right. The caveman wandered out, looked up and saw those little dots of lights, and he had no clue.
      Dr. Bruce Morgan is the Associate Director for Science For The Hubble Space Telescope.
      Morgan: Generations of humans have gone by with absolutely no clue about how the universe started. When my father went to school, no matter how smart he was or how smart his teachers were, nobody had a clue how old was the universe, how were 11)atoms made, how are stars formed. No one knew.
      The Hubble space telescope is the size of a 12)greyhound bus, it weighs ten tons and flies 400 miles above the earth, moving five miles a second. Its cameras and scientific instruments are so 13)sophisticated that they can capture light that began traveling through space more than 13 billion years ago. By the time that light finally enters the telescope and is transformed into an image, the picture it shows is of the universe as it was back when the light began its journey in the unimaginably distant past, in effect turning the telescope into a time machine.
      Dr. Mario Livio is the head of the science division for the Hubble space telescope.
      Livio: When we look back in time, using Hubble, we can see the universe, how it looked when it was less than a billion years old. And we can see what galaxies looked back then, when they were the building blocks of today's galaxies.
      But why is knowing this important today?
      Livio: Because we want to understand our origins. I mean, it's a very 14)fundamental thing.
      1) John Glenn和Neil Armstrong都是美国第一批登月的宇航员。
      2) origin  n. 起源,由来
      3) embark on 从事,着手
      4) solar system 太阳系
      5) explosive  a. 爆炸的
      6) outburst  n. 爆发
      7) sun  n. 太阳,有卫星的恒星
      8) swirling  n. 旋涡,涡流
      9) mass  n. 大量
      10) galaxy  n. 星系,银河
      11) atom  n. 原子
      12) greyhound  n. 灰狗,快速船
      13) sophisticated  a. (武器)很复杂的,高尖的
      14) fundamental  a. 基础的,基本的
      The Stonehenge
      This ancient monument of huge stones standing on the vast Salisbury plains in England has captured our imaginations for centuries. It's the most 1)enigmatic 2)pre-historic monument on earth.
      What makes the structure at Stonehenge 3)unique is the fact that for the first time they're shaping stones on a massive scale.
      Dating back as far as 2950 B.C., theories about who built Stonehenge have included the 4)druids and the Greeks. 5)Speculation as to its purpose, range from 6)astronomy to a 7)UFO landing site.
      Now a ruin with many of the original stones fallen or removed, this site still attracts nearly five thousand tourists everyday.
      Around the same time as the ancient Egyptians were building the pyramids, the first stones arrived here at Stonehenge. The mystery of this stone is that they are only found in the Brescelly Mountains in south Wales, nearly 150 miles away.
      It was a huge job to transport these stones from Wales, because originally there were about 80 of them here at Stonehenge weighing up to four tons each. Now, if I got in my car it would take me about 5 hours to drive all the way to Wales. But to those people, it would've been an enormous distance.
      The stones were brought by boat from the mountains and pulled from the coast by 8)sledge to the site.
      I think, you need a minimum of about 150 people, simply to move on of these massive forty-ton stones.
      Getting the stones to the site was an amazing 9)feat, but building Stonehenge was much more complex. It is not just simply one stone piled on top of another, they're joined together, this hole in the section here that's been 10)pounded out using stone hammers, and that originally fitted on top of that 11)protruding 12)knob on top of that stone.
      After nearly 5,000 years Stonehenge is still standing. We now know how it was built. The question "why" is a bit more 13)problematic. Twenty first century followers of ancient mystical beliefs are sure that Stonehenge has a connection with the summer and winter 14)solstices. "As a druid, as a priest of the land, I feel Stonehenge to be one of the key sacred temples in the world. Stonehenge evokes in us a connection between some deep 15)ancestral intuitive soul and the power of nature around us."
      Nature may well know all the answers, but science has yet to prove its theories. It seems Stonehenge isn't ready to reveal all its secrets just yet.
      1) enigmatic  a. 谜一般的,高深莫测的
      2) pre-historic  a. 史前的,古老的
      3) unique  a. 独特的
      4) druid  n. 德鲁伊特教团员
      5) speculation  n. 思索
      6) astronomy  n. 天文学
      7) UFO即unidentified flying object,飞碟,不明飞行物
      8) sledge  n. 雪橇
      9) feat  n. 壮举
      10) pound  v. 连续重击
      11) protruding  a. 突出的
      12) knob  n. 突出物
      13) problematic  a. 问题的,有疑问的
      14) solstice  n. (天文)至日,至点
      15) ancestral  a. 祖先的,祖传的
      A Century of Memories (1920-1929)
      At the 1)dawn of the 1920's, America was clearly entering a new era, an era defined by a vast and complicated urban culture that would dominate the rest of the 20th century.
      After World War I, there was an eagerness to embrace the new and it was in America's cities, most dramatically in its biggest, New York, where the modern age was born. The very architecture of the city spoke of America's new 2)ascendancy and her 3)aspirations.
      Historian David McCullen--
      David McCullen: The 4)skyscraper was an example of the new form achieving a kind of thrilling scale and nobility. More people worked there than lived in the average small town in America.
      A movement to the cities that had started during World War I 5)accelerated. In 1920, for the first time more Americans lived in urban centers than in country towns and villages.
      American studies professor, Anne Douglas--
      Anne Douglas: The pace has been set in the cities. The city is 6)irresistibly attractive, is  really at a kind of high tide in this decade. It's a force, a 7)magnet.
      The very names of New York streets would become 8)synonymous with progress and innovation. Broadway would represent the best and latest in American entertainment. Madison Avenue would come to 9)stand for the bustling new business of advertising which was uniting the nation in a set of shared fantasies and desires. And Wall Street came to represent the decade's expanding economic opportunities. Wall Street was where the 10)action was. People came from everywhere to get in on it.
      Michael Trinkel--
      Michael Trinkel: The reason I came to New York was there was nobody there after they closed the mines in 1926 in Pennsylvania. There was no money coming there. This fella Jerry got me the first job and he said, "Come on down to Wall Street, the streets are 11)paved with gold."
      It seemed that way too on Park and 5th avenues where the 12)tycoons lived. The number of millionaires in the 1920's jumped 400% over the previous decade. The 20's feeling of limitless horizons was fueled by their 13)lavish lifestyle.
      Francis Leimen Lobe--
      Francis Leimen Lobe: In those days you had lots of help. You had a cook, you had a kitchen maid and you had a 14)laundress. And then you had a parlor maid, a 15)chambermaid and mother's maid. How many does that make? Six, but I think there were eight, actually. Terribly nice people.
      It was in 16)Harlem clubs that one could see the artists at the 17)forefront of this fresh and uniquely American music. Performers such as Louis Armstrong, Bessie Smith and a 18)dapper young man named Edward Kennedy Ellington, his friends simply called him, Duke.
      The actor, Aussie Davis--
      Aussie Davis: Duke was the essence of what black music was all about. Everybody else was heading in that direction, but Duke was there.
      The cultural historian, Stretch Johnson--
      Stretch Johnson: The first time that I was seized by the music was the first time I heard Duke Ellington broadcast from the Cotton Club where Broadway, Hollywood and Paris rub elbows. People came from all over the United States to experience what was going on in Harlem in the 20's.
      The author, Eudora Wealthy--
      Eudora Wealthy: I was young then, you know, and we went up to Harlem that night to dance and everything. We all saved up for months to get the money to go out to a nightclub. Of course the music was wonderful.
      Harlem was contributing more than music to America's new urban culture. The world above New York's 125th street was, in the 1920's, a hot bed of political, social and cultural activity. It was later called the Harlem 19)Renaissance.
      Aussie Davis: The Harlem Renaissance was one of those fancy terms that white folks invent when they want to take a particular look at some aspect of black folks. I don't think black folk running around saying "we're going to have us a renaissance" or something like that, but it was a holiday of the spirit. I'm glad that there was a Harlem Renaissance, and there be Beetles boys and Alan Lock took it and developed it and made it into a political weapon. Fine, it achieved a great deal for us by making America recognize that we were artists, and if we were artists that could produce works of genius, how then could we be inferior and treated as second-class citizens? All of that I later understood and later appreciated. But when the stuff first came to me, it was something that I could enjoy like a sweet potato pie, like an ice-cream cone, or you know, like the girls that I was in love with.
      20)Propelled by the great technological leaps in the 1920's, social patterns began to shift. Nowhere was this more obvious than in the changes seen in American women. An expanding job market had given more and more women careers and the 21)disposable income to do with what they wished. Throughout the 1920's, women would assert a 22)newfound freedom and independence. Nothing symbolized that more than the 19th 23)amendment to the constitution. Finally in 1920 after 81 years of 24)agitation, women had won the right to vote.
      Anne Douglas--
      Anne Douglas: A woman's lot had changed in almost every way. She thought that she had the right to live for herself rather than for her family for others as women were always supposed to. She went to bars, she went to after-hour's clubs, she went to wild parties, she had much shorter hair, she wore much more make-up. You go from having young women whose dresses reached to their ankles to flesh, flesh everywhere. And a lot of 20's culture is about the fun of smashing 25)prohibitions.
      1) dawn  n. 黎明,破晓
      2) ascendancy  n. 优势,支配地位
      3) aspiration  n. 渴望,热望
      4) skyscraper  n. 摩天楼
      5) accelerate  v. 加速,促进
      6) irresistibly  ad. 无可抵挡地
      7) magnet  n. 磁石
      8) synonymous  a. 同义的
      9) stand for
      10) action  n. (某一地区、领域中)最能产生效果的活动
      11) pave  v. 铺
      12) tycoon  n. 企业界大亨
      13) lavish  a. 奢侈的
      14) laundress  n. 洗衣女工
      15) chambermaid  n. 寝室的女工
      16) Harlem  n. (纽约的)黑人住宅区
      17) forefront  n. 最前线
      18) dapper  a. 衣冠楚楚的
      19) renaissance  n. 复兴
      20) propel  v. 推动
      21) disposable  a. 可支配的
      22) newfound  a. 新发现的,新得到的
      23) amendment  n. 改正
      24) agitation  n. 煽动,鼓吹,不安
      25) prohibition  n. 禁止
      The River of No Return
      Marilyn Monroe
      If you listen, you'd hear it call, Wailare
      There is a river called the river of no return
      Sometimes it's peaceful and sometimes wild and free
      Love is a traveler, on the river of no return
      Swept on Forever, to be lost in the stormy sea
      Wailare, I can hear the river call
      No return, no return, no return, no return, Wailare.
      I can hear my lover call, come to me
      I lost my love on the river
      And forever my heart will yearn
      Gone, gone forever
      Down the river of no return
      Wailare, Wailare, she'll never return to me
      玛丽莲·梦露 演唱
      News Spotlight (3)
      NEWS 1 政治
      1)NATO Ambassadors are 2)due to resume talks later today to try to resolve a damaging dispute over its preparations in the event of a war with Bagdad. On Tuesday, meeting in Brussells ended without agreement after France, Germany, and Belgium refused to drop their 3)veto against moves to 4)bolster Turkey’s defenses.
      NATO Ambassadors are meeting again but there’s no guarantee whatsoever that they’ll find a way to break the 5)deadlock. This is a crisis at NATO rooted in many issues, profound differences about how to manage the 6)confrontation, disputes about the future of trans-Atlantic relations, and a competition for influence in an expanding Europe. The French point out that European public opinion is strongly behind them when they say the focus should still be on diplomacy, not military planning. But 16 members of NATO say binding treaty obligations to protect Turkey in the event of war, mean they must start planning now.
      NEWS 2 经济
      Four hundred leading economists in the United States, including ten Nobel Prize Winners, have 7)condemned President Bush’s plan for large tax cuts. In an advert in the New York Times, the economists say, Mr. Bush’s measures will be of little economic benefit in the short term.
      The economists, at the top of their profession, say Mr. Bush’s plan does little to stimulate the economy in the near future, and that his tax cuts will largely benefit the very rich. Some of Mr. Bush’s defenders accept that the short-term 8)stimulus is small, but say that reducing taxes increases the 9)incentive to invest, so prompting long-term growth. What is undeniable is that a rare budget surplus under Clinton, has become a record budget deficit; Mr. Bush says because of the recession and because of an 10)unsought war. Mr. Bush’s critics say that since tax rises are 11)taboo, spending cuts are on their way, largely in programs for the poor.
      NEWS 3 科技
      Officials at 12)NASA say they found one of the most significant items of 13)debris so far from the 14)space shuttle, Columbia. The part is a piece from the left wing. The problems were first noticed just before the craft 15)broke up. It’s thought it could be extremely important to the investigation into the cause of the disaster.
      This is the most important piece of debris so far recovered. Investigators say, the 46 centimeter-long 16)fragment of Columbia’s left wing, was found last week east of the city of Fort Worth, near the town of Lufkin, Texas, has only now been identified. Attached to it was an even larger piece of carbon composite 17)panel, a dense material that formed the heat 18)shield on the leading edge of the wing. A NASA spokesman confirmed that this latest find was significant, as the left wing of Columbia is still the main focus of their investigation as they try and find out why the shuttle 19)disintegrated upon reentry. NASA have also now found the cover of one of the two 20)landing gear 21)compartments, another potentially critical piece because of a temperature surge near the left wheel, was 22)mission controller’s first sign of trouble. So far, NASA has recovered around a thousand pieces of debris across the states of Texas and Louisiana, and are now extending their search further 23)afield into New Mexico, Arizona and California.
      NEWS 4 体育
      Wednesday’s football program is dominated by friendly internationals. Perhaps the most significant has the world champions, Brazil, away to China in Guangzhou.
      The Brazilians arrived in China to a samba-star reception, including dancing girls, 24)bongo-beating boys and trumpeting elephants. But despite the fun of the friendly, the Brazil coach, Carlos Alberto Parreira, has indicated how seriously he’s taking this fixture by turning out a strong 25)lineup. He says it’s basically the same team which played against South Korea in December, and includes most of the players who took part in the World Cup last June. It was there that the Chinese were beaten four-nil by Brazil, and, although hoping for a marked improvement, it’s only just clear that the new coach, Arie Haan, will be looking to impose some Dutch 26)flare on his side. The former Netherlands International is wanting to combine the Chinese hardworking football ethic with some imagination and creativity. In a country where the population numbers some 1.3 billion, there’ll be a large audience hoping to see if China can at last learn how to position the ball and use their space wisely. And what better test than against the world champions?
      NEWS 5 灾害
      The authorities in Congo Brazzaville say that they suspect that the Ebola virus may have caused the death of at least 38 people in the north of the country. The Congolese authorities said they are concerned that the virus which has already been 27)detected in gorillas in the region could spread. Little is known about Ebola, which causes its victims to die from internal bleeding.
      The Congolese authorities have not yet been able to confirm that the almost daily death in the villages of Kelle and Mbomo 800 km from the capital Brazzaville are the result of Ebola. However the Minister of Health and World Health Organization are treating the death as Ebola 28)outbreak. This is because local and habitants are refusing to cooperate with the emergency teams from the Ministry and the WHO who’ve been sent to study and contain the disease. The local population have become hostile to the health workers, refusing to give blood samples needed to test Ebola and accusing them of bringing the virus to the area themselves. However, it would not be the first time that Ebola has struck the region, known as the Cuvette Ouest. And the bodies of dead gorillas found in the area since December have already tested positive for the virus. The Ministry of Health believes the dead people may have 29)contracted the virus from eating gorillas and 30)chimps which were infected.
      1 政治
      2 经济
      3 科技
      4 体育
      5 灾害
      1) NATO: North Atlantic Treaty Organization, 北大西洋公约组织
      2) due to: 由于,归因于
      3) veto  n. 投票否决
      4) bolster  v. 支持
      5) deadlock  n. 僵局,僵持
      6) confrontation  n. 对抗,对质
      7) condemn  v. 声讨,谴责
      8) stimulus  n. 刺激;促进因素
      9) incentive  n. 动机
      10) unsought  a. 不经寻求而得到的;没有被要求到的
      11) taboo  n. 禁忌
      12) NASA: National Aeronautics and Space Administration,(美国)国家航空和宇宙航行局
      13) debris  n. 碎片,残骸
      14) space shuttle: 航天飞机
      15) break up: 分解;分裂;破碎
      16) fragment  n. 碎片,片断
      17) panel  n. 面板,仪表板
      18) shield  n. 防护物,防罩; the heat shield: 隔热层
      19) disintegrate  v. (使)分解,(使)碎裂
      20) landing gear: 起落装置
      21) compartment  n. 间隔间
      22) Mission Controller: 航天地面指挥中心
      23) afield  ad. 离开(家乡),本文指在得克萨斯州和路易斯安那州以外的地方。
      24) bongo  n. 邦戈鼓(一种用手指敲打的谐音小鼓,两只成对使用)
      25) lineup  n. 一行人,队伍,这里指巴西队一行人。
      26) flare  n. 闪光,闪耀;这里指先进的训练方法。
      27) detect  v. 发现
      28) outbreak  n. (瘟疫、虫害等的)突然蔓延
      29) contract  v. 感染
      30) chimp  n. chimpanzee的缩写,黑猩猩
      Written by Howard Johnson
      "M" is for the million things she gave me,
      "O" means only that she's growing old,
      "T" is for the tears she shed to save me,
      "H" is for her heart of purest gold,
      "E" is for her eyes, with love-light shining,
      "R" means right, and right she'll always be,
      Put them all together, they spell "MOTHER",
      A word that means the world to me.
      --Howard Johnson
      A Lesson for Living
      "Everything happens for the best," my mother said whenever I faced disappointment. "If you 1)carry on, one day something good will happen. And you'll realize that it wouldn't have happened if not for that 2)previous disappointment."
      Mother was right, as I discovered after graduating from college in 1932. I had decided to try for a job in radio, then work my way up to sports 3)announcer. I 4)hitchhiked to Chicago and knocked on the door of every station - and got 5)turned down every time.
      In one studio, a kind lady told me that big stations couldn't risk hiring an 6)inexperienced person. "Go out in the sticks and find a small station that'll give you a chance," she said.
      I 7)thumbed home to Dixon, Illinois. While there was no radio-announcing jobs in Dixon, my father said Montgomery Ward had opened a store and wanted a local 8)athlete to manage its sports department. Since Dixon was where I had played high school football, I applied. The job sounded just right for me. But I wasn't hired.
      My disappointment must have shown. "Everything happens for the best," Mom reminded me. Dad offered me the car to job hunt. I tried WOC Radio in Davenport, Iowa. The program director, a wonderful Scotsman named Peter MacArthur, told me they had already hired an announcer.
      As I left his office, my frustration boiled over. I asked aloud, "How can a fellow get to be a sports announcer if he can't get a job in a radio station?"
      I was waiting for the elevator when I heard MacArthur calling, "What was that you said about sports? Do you know anything about football?" Then he stood me before a microphone and asked me to broadcast an 9)imaginary game.
      On my way home, as I have many times since, I thought of my mother's words: "If you carry on, one day something good will happen. Something wouldn't have happened if not for that previous disappointment."
      I often wonder what direction my life might have taken if I'd gotten the job at Montgomery Ward.
      1) carry on 坚持
      2) previous  a. 以前的
      3) announcer  n. 广播员
      4) hitchhike  v. 搭便车
      5) turn down 拒绝
      6) inexperienced  a. 无经验的
      7) thumb  v. 作搭车姿势
      8) athlete  n. 运动员
      9) imaginary  a. 想像的
      A Great Friendship
      -- Thomas Jefferson and James Madison
      Thomas Jefferson and James Madison met in 1776. Could it have been any other year? They worked together starting then to 1)further the American Revolution and later to shape the new 2)scheme of government. From that work sprang a friendship perhaps 3)incomparable in 4)intimacy and the trustfulness of 5)collaboration and 6)indurations. It lasted 50 years. It included pleasure and 7)utility but over and above them, there were shared purpose, a common end and an enduring goodness on both sides. Four and a half months before he died, when he was 8)ailing, debt-ridden, and worried about his 9)impoverished family, Jefferson wrote to his longtime friend. His words and Madison's reply remind us that friends are friends until death. They also remind us that sometimes a friendship has a bearing on things larger than the friendship itself, for has there ever been a friendship of greater public 10)consequence than this one?
      "The friendship which has 11)subsisted between us now half a century, the harmony of our political 12)principles and pursuits have been sources of constant happiness to me through that long period. It's also been a great 13)solace to me to believe that you're 14)engaged in 15)vindicating to 16)posterity the course that we've pursued for preserving to them, in all their purity, their blessings of self-government, which we had assisted in acquiring for them. If ever the earth has beheld a system of administration 17)conducted with a single and 18)steadfast eye to the general interest and happiness of those committed to it, one which, protected by truth, can never know 19)reproach, it is that to which our lives have been devoted. Myself, you have been a 20)pillar of support throughout life. Take care of me when dead and be assured that I shall leave with you my last 21)affections." (Feb 17, 1826)
      A week later Madison replied--
      "You cannot look back to the long period of our private friendship and political harmony with more 22)affecting 23)recollections than I do. If they are a source of pleasure to you, what aren't they not to be to me? We cannot 24)be deprived of the happy 25)consciousness of the pure devotion to the public good with which we 26)discharge the trust committed to us and I 27)indulge a confidence that 28)sufficient evidence will find its way to another generation to ensure, after we are gone, whatever of justice may be 29)withheld 30)whilst we are here."
      1) further  v. 促进
      2) scheme  n. 计划,方案
      3) incomparable  a.无与伦比的
      4) intimacy  n. 亲密
      5) collaboration  n. 协作
      6) indurations  n. 坚固,硬化
      7) utility  n. 效用,利用
      8) ailing  a. 生病的,景况不佳的
      9) impoverished  a. 穷困的
      10) consequence  n. 结果
      11) subsist  v. 存在
      12) principle  n. 原则,法则
      13) solace  n. 安慰
      14) engage in 从事于,参加
      15) vindicate  v. 维护,表白
      16) posterity  n. 子孙,后裔
      17) conduct  v. 管理,引导
      18) steadfast  a. 坚定的
      19) reproach  n. 责难
      20) pillar  n. 重要的支持者
      21) affection  n. 友爱
      22) affecting  a. 感动的
      23) recollection  n. 回忆
      24) be deprive of 被剥夺
      25) consciousness  n. 意识,知觉
      26) discharge  v. 履行,放出
      27) indulge  v. 沉溺,放纵
      28) sufficient  a. 充分的
      29) withhold  v. 抑制,阻止
      30) whilst  conj. 同时
      Life Could Be Worse
      For the taxes that I pay, because it means that I am employed.
      For the 1)mess to clean after a party, because it means that I have been 2)surrounded by friends.
      For the clothes that fit a little too 3)snug, because it means I have enough to eat.
      For a 4)lawn that needs 5)mowing, windows that need cleaning, and gutters that need fixing, because it means I have a home.
      For the teenager who is not doing dishes but is watching TV, because that means he is at home and not on the streets.
      For the parking spot I find at the far end of the 6)parking lot, because it means I am capable of walking and that I have transportation.
      For the 7)punk rock band that is noisy, because it means that I can hear.
      For the pile of 8)laundry and 9)ironing, because it means I have clothes to wear.
      For weariness and 10)aching muscles at the end of the day, because it means I have been capable of working hard.
      For my alarm that goes of in the early morning hours, because it means that I am alive. And finally...
      For too much e-mail, because it means I have friends who are thinking of me.
      1) mess  n. 混乱,脏乱
      2) surround  v. 包围
      3) snug  a. 紧贴
      4) lawn  n. 草坪
      5) mowing  n. 割草
      6) parking lot 停车场
      7) punk  n. 朋克
      8) laundry  n. 要洗的衣服
      9) ironing  n. 熨平衣服
      10) aching  a. 疼的
      Norwegian Wood
      Written by Haruki Murakami
      I was thrity-seven then, 1)strapped in my seat as the huge 747 2)plunged through 3)dense cloud cover on approach to the Hamburg airport. Cold November rains 4)drenched the earth and lent everything the 5)gloomy air of a Flemish landscape: the 6)ground crew in rain gear, a flag 7)atop a 8)squat airport building, a 9)BMW billboard. So--Germany again.
      Once the plane was on the ground soft music began to flow from the ceiling speakers: a sweet 10)orchestral cover version of the Beatles' "Norwegian Wood". The melody never failed to send a 11)shudder through me, but this time it hit me harder than ever.
      I bent forward in my seat, face in hands to keep my skull from splitting open. Before long one of the German 12)stewardesses approached and asked in English if I were sick.  "No," I said, "just 13)dizzy."
      "Are you sure?"
      "Yes, I'm sure. Thanks."
      She smiled and left, and the music changed to a Billy Joel tune. I 14)straightened up and looked out the plane window at the dark clouds 15)hanging over the North Sea, thinking of what I had lost in the course of my life: times gone forever, friends who had died or disappeared, feelings I would never know again.
      The plane reached the gate. People began 16)unlatching their 17)seatbelts and pulling baggage from the storage 18)bins, and all the while I was in the meadow. I could smell the grass, feel the wind on my face, hear the cries of the birds. Autumn 1969, and soon I would be twenty.
      True, given time enough, I can bring back her face. I start joining image - her tiny, cold hand; her straight, black hair so smooth and cool to the touch; a soft, rounded 19)earlobe and the 20)microscopic 21)mole just beneath it; the camel's hair coat she wore in the winter; her habit of looking straight into your eyes when asking a question; the slight trembling that would come to her voice now and then (as if she were speaking on a windy 22)hilltop) - and suddenly her face is there, always in profile at first, because Naoko and I were always out walking together, side by side. Then she turns to me, and smiles, and 23)tilts her head just a bit, and begins to speak, and she looks into my eyes as if trying to catch the image of a 24)minnow that has 25)darted across the pool of a 26)limpid spring.
      I do need that time, though, for Naoko's face to appear. And as the years have passed, the time has grown longer. The sad truth is that what I could recall in five seconds all too soon needed ten, then thirty, then a full minute - like shadows 27)lengthening at 28)dusk. Someday, I suppose, the shadows will be swallowed up in darkness. There is no way around it: my memory is growing ever more distant from the spot where Naoko used to stand - ever more distant form the spot where my old self used to stand. And nothing but scenery, that view of the meadow in October, returns again and again to me like a 29)symbolic scene in a movie. Each time it appears, it delivers a kick to some part of my mind. "Wake up," it says. "I'm still here! Wake up and think about it. Think about why I'm still here." The kicking never hurts me. There's no pain at all. Just a hollow sound that echoes with each kick. And even that 30)is bound to fade one day. At the Hamburg airport, though, the kicks were longer and harder than usual, which is why I am writing this book: To think. To understand! It just happens to be the way I'm made. I have to write things down to feel I fully 31)comprehend them.
      1) strap  v. 用皮带束住
      2) plunge  v. 投入,跳进
      3) dense  a. 密集的,浓厚的
      4) drench  v. 湿透
      5) gloomy  a. 黑暗的,阴沉的
      6) ground crew 地勤人员
      7) atop  prep. 在顶上
      8) squat  v. 蹲坐
      9) BMW即Bavarian Motor Works,德国宝马汽车公司
      10) orchestral  a. 管弦乐的,管弦乐队的
      11) shudder  n. 战栗,发抖
      12) stewardess  n. (轮船、飞机的)女乘务员
      13) dizzy  a. 晕眩的
      14) straighten up 直起来
      15) hang over 挂在……上,笼罩
      16) unlatch  v. 拔掉门栓
      17) seatbelt  n. 系于飞机座位上的安全带
      18) bin  n. 箱柜
      19) earlobe  n. 耳垂
      20) microscopic  a. 精小的
      21) mole  n. 胎记
      22) hilltop  n. 小山顶
      23) tilt  v. 使倾斜,使翘起
      24) minnow  n. 鲤科小鱼
      25) dart  v. 飞奔,刺,飞快的动作
      26) limpid  a. 清澈的
      27) lengthen  v. 延长,使变长
      28) dusk  n. 黄昏
      29) symbolic  a. 象征的
      30) be bound to 必定的
      31) comprehend  v. 领会,理解
      Speaking Sparkles (2)
      1.  Well, let's say, you know, life is a constant learning process and I encourage everybody who is watching or 1)participating to constantly think about lifetime learning because it is really, truly important to do that. Let me just, in a simple way, what I say, if I ever come back in a second life, I'm going to be Mick Jagger, I'm going to be a rock and roll player. So, I had those 2)aspirations but I couldn't, I failed, I flunked piano, so that didn't work. I played football, baseball, basketball; I flunked all those, so that didn't work. Then I decided, "What am I going to do when I grow up?" and I decided: business.
      --Verizon电讯(500强)的首席执行官Charles R. Lee   接受电视台采访时透露自己是“迫于无奈”才选择经商
      2.	How can you have 3)differentiation top 20, middle 70 and throw out the bottom 10 and have team work? Teams do that everyday! A 20 game winner, a 50 home run 4)hitter, they get more money than the other players on the team and the bottom ten get traded or thrown out and yet, they're still a team. That's what business is.
      		--通用公司前首席执行官Jack Welch讲述自己的管理之道
      3.	You have to remember that nothing is impossible. I mean let's face it. I mean, I had no idea where I was going to be. I had no idea I'd be sitting with someone like you when I started, but it's a lesson that everything is possible for anybody. Everything is possible.
      		  --Viacom首席执行官Sumner Redstone谈自己的成功心得
      4.	(Ben:) Jerry was into production and I was into sales and marketing and that's what we did and neither one of us was into the books and nobody did the books. (Jerry:) And I made Ben fire everybody! I couldn't do it, I couldn't stand to do it. It was, you know, and Ben didn't like to do it but he did it. (Ben:) When somebody needed to get fired, we would go around saying, "The 5)monster is hungry, the monster must eat." (Jerry:) Yeah, because I mean Ben couldn't even do it. He had to make himself into this 6)persona, this monster, in order to do it. We were not very good bosses.
      (本:)杰里负责生产,而我负责推销,我们两个人都不喜欢记账,所以没有人负责记账。(杰里:)我强迫本去负责解雇员工,我没有办法做到,我不忍心。本也不喜欢做这种事,  但他还是做了。(本:)当要辞退工人的时候,我们会说:“怪兽肚子饿了,怪兽要找吃的啦。”(杰里:)本也不忍心,所以,他要令自己进入到怪兽的角色。我们不是很好的老板。
      --本与杰里冰淇淋企业的创办人Ben Cohen and Jerry Greenfield描述当老板的感受以及各自的分工
      1) participate  v. 参与,参加
      2) aspiration  n. 热望,渴望
      3) differentiation  n. 区别
      4) hitter  n. 击球员,击手
      5) monster  n. 怪物,妖怪
      6) persona  n. 角色,人
      Shaggy Teaches You to Introduce Yourself
      My name is Shaggy. Aahh, not to be confused with Shaggy from 1)Austin Powers. This is Shaggy, 2)shagadelic shaggy, 3)shagalistic shaggy, 4)shagnotic, Mr. 5)Lova shaggy.
      My age right now... I'm... 30, 31, something like that.
      My first 6)crush... Let me see what my first crush is. Umm ... can not remember if I had a crush. Ahh, I would say it was... this girl... it was in my, my fourth grade class.  That's way back, too, boy. My memory doesn't serve me that well. My first, now it was a young lady... that I, I was totally in love with and the only thing I had of her was a poster that I tore out of a magazine and put on my wall. And I, like a 7)pervert, kissed the photograph all the time. That'd be my first one.
      My last love was a couple months ago. I can't say who, but that would be cool.
      When did I first fall in love? I don't know if I was ever in love (small laugh). That's sad! But I think if it's that little tingly feeling that makes you want to see the person all the time, and that's love. Umm, I would say that was when I was about ... Oooooo... 20, 22... around there.
      The most romantic thing I've ever done now, let me see... would be renting a hotel in Manhattan... the Waldorf-Astoria-posh Hotel-- getting a suite that overlooked the park, going on a little horse-and-buggy ride, get to the hotel room, have dinner first, do the horse- and-buggy ride, to the Comedy Store, have a laugh, leave, get back to the hotel room, and walk in to the suite -- it was all candles, and rose petals everywhere -- and just... be so energetic that the windows would fog up.
      The worst thing I've ever done to a girlfriend, umm... and I did this in pure fun, was give her a 8)weggie, 'cause I've always seen it done and I've, I've never done it, so just one of the things I just have to do. She wasn't amused anyway, but you know, it was funny (laugh).
      I haven't 9)snoged anyone fame... well, I have snoged some... someone famous, well, a couple of people that were famous, but I can't call their name because they might be watching and, I don't kiss-and-tell. Who famous that I like just now? All right... (sigh, smack lips)... I done her. What's her name? Did her too? So... Halley, Halley Berry would be the person I'd like to snog, and I don't have much time because she's almost married. (smack lips) So look out, girl, when you see me running up to you with lips, you know what's up! (loud laugh)
      我曾经做过的最浪漫的事是,让我想想……是在曼哈顿租了一间旅馆,叫Waldorf Astoria Posh旅馆,从套房里可以远眺公园,乘马车进出旅馆房间,首先美餐一顿,然后乘马车去喜剧商店找乐子,离开,然后再回到旅馆房间,我走进房间时发现四周都是蜡烛,到处都是玫瑰花瓣--真是情调盎然,连窗户都有雾气笼罩。
      1) Austin Powers 影片《王牌大贱谍》。在这里指的是Austin Powers - the Spy who Shagged Me《王牌大贱谍2:时空间谍007》。
      2) shagadelic 此词是由Shaggy与psychedelic (a. 起幻觉的,迷幻的) 结合而来的,并没有什么实际意义,只是用来起夸张与炫耀的作用。以下两词用法相同。
      3) shagalistic 此词是由Shaggy与fantastic (a. 幻想的,空想的) 结合而来。
      4) shagnotic 此词是由Shaggy与hypnotic (a. 催眠的) 结合而来。
      5) Lova = lover
      6) crush  n. (对某人的)强烈而短暂的喜爱,迷恋
      7) pervert  n. 走上邪路者,堕落者
      8) weggie [俚] 是一种恶作剧,在某人的背后提他的裤带把他拎起来
      9) snog  v. 亲吻拥抱
      Romance -- A Key Component of The Comedy
      I think what really 1)defines a romantic comedy is that it's a comedy in which the central 2)conflict, whatever it is, is based in a romantic relationship. Meaning, many comedies have romances in them. But the question the movie's asking is not about the couple. A romantic comedy asks, "Will these two people become a couple?"
      Romance which is light, which is about enjoyment of love, tends to be within the comic because that although comedy can be about the battle of the sexes, and can be about problems which are keeping lovers apart, comedy is also nice as it were... laughter and having fun is part of romance.
      In the 30's and 40's you have such a wonderful series of romantic movies because women were really 3)feeling their oats and moving into the job market, and you had a lot of very, very strong, tough, heroines out in the world and they were in the movies, too.
      There are these kind of standard moves that get observed: after there's a set-up, there's what we call a "cute meet" or a "meet cute", meaning some 4)distinctive way that these people come together, ahh, which in my mind is usually 5)reflective of a 6)dynamic relationship. At the core, people who go to romantic comedies, you're 7)preaching to the converted more often than that. These are people who believe in love. And they believe in romance, and that means 8)unattached as well as attached. I might even say more likely you've got a lot of people who are going to these movies to have that experience to enjoy 9)vicariously what it's like to fall in love and to meet the perfect someone.
      1) define  v. 定义,详细说明
      2) conflict  n. 冲突,斗争
      3) feeling their oats 感到精神饱满
      4) distinctive  a. 有特色的,与众不同的
      5) reflective  a. 沉思的
      6) dynamic  a. 动力的
      7) preach  v. 宣扬,鼓吹 preach to the converted 对人们宣传他们早已持有的观点
      8) unattached  a. 独立的
      9) vicariously  ad. 有同感地,间接感受到地
      Tips For Improving Your Interpersonal Relationships
      Conswello: It's a delight to meet you, Bob Eubanks, it really is.
      Eubanks: Thank you very much. You do a great job on this show.
      Conswello: Well, thank you very much and you're using your people skills already. I'm 1)intrigued by how you keep 2)reinventing yourself. How do you do it?
      Eubanks: Well, you know, I just think what a person has to do is take their strengths, and I know that no one's gonna hire me to do a game show again so, because they go for the younger guy and such, so I got, I sat down, I said, you know, "What should I do?" And I've learned so much about people, and I decided to go out and speak to 3)corporate America. What I'm doing is I'm showing corporate America how to maintain a balance in their people skills to high technology. I mean, we're losing our people skills because of the wonderful technology is there. And so I go out and I teach them how to maintain their people skills; how to get the most from people.
      Conswello: So how do you do that?
      Eubanks: Ah, you show interest in them. Ah, when I was doing Newlywed Game, the couples were very 4)frightened and very 5)scared and they would sit there like this. The moment I would say, "How're you doing? How's your family? How's your dog? How's this?" The moment that you would see their body language change. You would see everything about them change. So, if we can show interest in other people and generally, generally care about other people, then it is amazing. People will tell you what things they wouldn't tell the Grand Jury is what they did for me on the Newlywed Game anyway.
      Conswello: Now, are you finding that there is a good 6)reception to these, you know,  personal skills that you're bringing to corporate America, and does it matter to them?  Does it matter to management?
      Eubanks: Yeah, it really does, it really does because creativity's going down the tubes if we're not careful. No longer am I walking into your office and saying, "Conswello, I got an idea. What do you think about this?" "Oh, good, Bob. Let's do this." We're sending e-mails to each other in the next 7)cubicle. We've got to maintain a balance, and I'm a big tech fan, believe me I am, but we have to maintain a balance with our people skills. And that's what I teach, basically.
      Conswello: So how do you teach it?
      Eubanks: I simply, I do it in a very comedic way. I do a one-hour very funny keynote called "The Power of Partnerships". And I speak to companies like Southwest Airlines or Washington Mutual -- I've had some really good clients -- and I've been doing this about a year and a half. And what I did, I 8)associated myself with four other speakers, very successful speakers: Emery Austin, Mark Mayfield, David Naster, Joe Malarchy. We formed a marketing company called "Five Easy Speakers"...
      Conswello: Very catchy name.
      Eubanks: ... "Five Easy Speakers", yeah. And I think we're the five best speakers out there. We bring a comedic point of view to speaking.
      Conswello: Now, is there another reinvention in the works for Bob Eubanks or is this gonna be it for a while?
      Eubanks: No. This is it! I am having more fun doing what I'm doing now. I was gonna teach, I was gonna, uhh, but I am having so much fun, I want to do this for the rest of my life. You know, I just go out and I entertain people and I teach them about people, and they give you a 9)cheque and you go home. And I said, "Wow, why didn't I think about this a long time ago folks?"
      Conswello: Well, I'm glad you did and I'm glad you thought about it now and we're delighted to have you here.
      Eubanks: Well, it's so nice to be here. Thank you very much.
      Conswello: Thanks very much, Bob Eubanks.
      Eubanks: Thanks Conswello.
      Conswello: Great to have you here.
      1) intrigue  v. 阴谋,诡计
      2) reinvent  v. 重新使用,彻底改造
      3) corporate  a. 共同的,全体的,社团的
      4) frightened  a. 受惊的,受恐吓的
      5) scared  a. 恐惧的
      6) reception  n. 接待,招待会
      7) cubicle  n. 小卧室
      8) associated  a. 联合的,有关联的
      9) cheque  n. = check (US),支票
      Arie Haan Press Conference
      All a very good morning! It's still the night for me, so excuse me sometimes.
      When I know more about the Chinese football at the beginning, we have of course, have some goals. The first of them will be the Asian Cup 2004, to prepare the team already to 1)qualify for 2006. So, I believe what I saw about the Chinese football. We can do a good result in Asian Cup and to qualify for Europe for Germany 2006. I have a lot of 2)confidence to do it. I hope everybody will, then we will also reach it.
      What it's about national 3)coach, yes, I said I had been 17 years international player, national player, several years club coach, working with a lot of national coaches. So I believe and that is in my mind a long time that the national coach is still different from a club coach. But you have to make more choices, because he has more players where he can choose. The club coaches, there are only 20 players, 22 one time, 18 players, I think I have all country. You choose the players and you work with the players, and I believe I have a lot of confidence to do this.
      I have a lot of confidence because otherwise, I wouldn't come so big country and I think it has a very big future here and maybe I like to be a part of it, and this confidence I have to bring the team in a higher level, and what Mr. Hiddink concerns, he did a fantastic job, and certainly we are looking, everybody was looking in Western Europe, especially Holland, where he was working. What a fine job he was doing and I really can hope I do the same. I have surely the confidence to do it.
      1) qualify for 使合格,有……的资格
      2) confidence  n. 信心
      3) coach  n. 教练
      Uriel Yak  尤里专线 (2)
      Uriel: Crazy English-Land, welcome to Uriel Yak. This is Uriel, and with me in the studio, I have Alex....
      Alex: Hi Uriel.
      Uriel: Alex, a foreigner, a British person, who's living in China. Welcome, Alex!
      A: Uh, hi Uriel!
      U: Hi!
      A: Thanks for having me on your show.
      U: Ah, it's a pleasure. I understand that you like cellphones, however.
      A: Ummm, yes.... And I understand that you don't.
      U: Well, I am one of the last people in China not to have a cellphone.... And that does...
      A: I think....
      U: ... give a clue to my attitude about them....
      A: In China, isn't a cellphone an actual status symbol?
      U: Is it a status symbol?
      A: Along with a car, yes.
      U: How can.... I mean, that's like saying that having two arms and eyes is a status symbol. I mean, everybody seems to have a cellphone here. You were saying that you used to make thousands of cellphones every day....
      A: Yes, I used to have links with the mobile phone industry.
      U: Yeah....
      A: Ummm.... But now they've been cut, I do still tend to look at mobile phones and I used to spend maybe two thousand yuan a day on mobile phones in my industry. And now I get worried when I spend over ten yuan.
      U: What do you mean, you used to spend two thousand a day?
      A: Ummm, I used to do testing for around the world... so it would put me on a plane... I'd go to somewhere like South Africa... I would phone up Finland and ask them, "Does this work?"
      U: Making all those long distance phone calls, you were... you were using two thousand yuan a day of air time, is that right?
      A: Easily.
      U: Ok, ah.
      A: Yeah, they loved me at the people who took the money, I can say.
      U: You were actually travelling to a lot of places on behalf of these testing agencies?
      A: Uh yeah, travelling all around the world... I was based in Paris, and before that I was based in England, going around just testing bits here and there. Suddenly a mobile phone that was new would not work in the middle of Russia. So, they get to send poor me out to the middle of Russia, in the middle of the snow, to make a phone call.
      U: Well, you were talking about your first arrival in China.
      A: Oh, my first arrival in China! That was an experience. I think that first few hours in China is what China is for me. I basically came from Hong Kong straight in to the East train station. And I arrive into the station, I've got a huge back.... This is like....
      U: Guangzhou station.
      A: Guangzhou East Train Station.
      U: Yup.
      A: ... a huge backpack on, two huge suitcases.... I'm pretty big guy and carry a lot, but I been carrying this all day and it was a boiling hot day.... The sun was shining, the temperatures were soaring, and I was meant to be meeting this Chinese person in the train station.
      U: Who was it? Who had you connected with before you arrived?
      A: Ummm.... Somebody who was gonna offer me a job. I'd organized and applied for and received, uh, a job when I arrived....
      U: A teaching job?
      A: A teaching job, yes.
      U: Yeah, yeah....
      A: And when I arrived at the train station... like... there was nobody....
      U: Nobody there. You're on your own, and your Chinese language skills are....
      A: Zip ... absolutely zip.
      U: Nil.
      A: Nothing. Nada. And I'm, like, "OK, what do I do? What do I do?"
      U: Panic.
      A: Panic sets in. I run around the station. I'm running out of the station, I'm running into the station, and with this much luggage, you can see, in this heat, I'm starting to really get tired.
      U: Surely a helpful policeman could save you?
      A: Uh, that was my first option, yes. I ran to the policeman, I say: "Phone." He looks at me. I do a hand signal phone. He goes, "Ahhh...." You know, the usual phone hand gesture....
      U: Yeah.
      A: And he points behind me and goes: "Neuhhh neuhhh neuhhh neuhhh neuhhh." Something I can't understand. And I go.... I look behind. He turns around and he runs out of the exit, try not to speak to me.
      U: Let me ask, with all this cellphone background, why didntcha have a cellphone just when you needed it most.... This is when you needed a cellphone.
      A: I did have a cellphone, but unfortunately I didn't have a Chinese SIM which is one of those little cards that you put into a cellphone.
      U: Ahhh.... OK, I see.
      A: So I was stuck. In the end I just sat down on my suitcases in the corner feeling very sorry for myself, thinking, maybe I'm in the wrong city, maybe I'm in the wrong country.
      U: What did you do for fun besides, in your free time, after work?
      A: Talking to people, and getting day to day life stuff, was pretty fun for me. Imagine walking into a restaurant, nobody understands you, you don't even know what the menu is, you look at something.... You can't identify it. Things crawl around. In England when you say, "I want a burger," it comes out cooked. In China when you say, "I want something to eat," they kill it in front of you, take out, point to the part you want, cook it, and then hand it to you. It was a new experience.
      U: Alex, do you have any other final words for our listeners?
      A: I have final words for listeners? Ummm ... yes. When you're shopping, could you refrain from hitting me... anybody... please?
      U: Alright... please everybody, don't hit Alex when he's shopping.
      A: And please, actually, stop looking at my shopping stuff.
      U: Listeners, thank you for listening to Uriel Yak. So long.
      A: Bye bye, Uriel.
      U: Alex, thanks for joining us!
      A: Thanks for having me!
      Ordinary Day
      Just a day, just an ordinary day
      Just trying to get by
      Just a boy
      Just an ordinary boy
      But he was looking to the sky
      And as he asked if I would come along
      I started to realize--
      That everyday you find
      Just what he's looking for
      Like a shooting star he shines
      He said take my hand
      Live while you can
      Don't you see your dreams are right in the palm of your hand
      And as he spoke, he spoke ordinary words
      Although they did not feel
      For I felt what I had not felt before
      You'd swear those words could heal
      And I as looked up into those eyes
      His vision borrows mine
      And to know he's no stranger
      For I feel I've held him for all of time
      And he said take my hand
      Live while you can
      Don't you see your dreams are right in the palm of your hand
      Right in the palm of your hand
      Please come with me
      See what I see
      Touch the stars for a time will not flee
      Time will not flee
      Can you see
      Just a dream, just an ordinary dream
      As I wake in bed
      And the boy, that ordinary boy
      Or was it all in my head
      Did he asked if I would come along
      It all seemed so real
      But as I looked to the door
      I saw that boy standing there with a deal
      And he said take my hand
      Live while you can
      Don't you see your dreams are right in the palm of your hand
      Right in the palm of your hand
      Right in the palm of your hand
      Just a day, just an ordinary day
      Just trying to get by
      Just a boy
      Just an ordinary boy
      But he was looking to the sky
      On Beauty
      Where shall you seek beauty, and how shall you find her unless she herself be your way and your guide? And how shall you speak of her except she be the 1)weaver of your speech?
      The 2)aggrieved and the 3)injured say, "Beauty is kind and gentle. Like a young mother half-shy of her own 4)glory she walks among us."
      And the 5)passionate say, "Nay, beauty is a thing of 6)might and 7)dread. Like the 8)tempest she shakes the earth beneath us and the sky above us."
      The tired and the 9)weary say, "Beauty is of soft 10)whisperings. She speaks in our spirit. Her voice 11)yields to our silences like a 12)faint light that 13)quivers 14)in fear of the shadow."
      But the 15)restless say, "We have heard her shouting among the mountains, and with her cries came the sound of hoofs, and the beating of wings and the 16)roaring of lions."
      At night the watchmen of the city say, "Beauty shall rise with the dawn from the east."
      And at 17)noon-time the 18)toilers and the 19)wayfarers say, "We have seen her leaning over the earth from the windows of the sunset."
      In winter say the 20)snow-bound, "She shall come with the spring leaping upon the hills."
      And in the summer heat the 21)reapers say, "We have seen her dancing with the autumn leaves, and we saw a drift of snow in her hair."
      All these things have you said of beauty, yet in truth you spoke not of her but of needs unsatisfied, and beauty is not a need but an 22)ecstasy. It is not a mouth 23)thirsting nor an empty hand stretched forth, but rather a heart  24)enflamed and a soul 25)enchanted. It is not the image you would see nor the song you would hear, but rather an image you see though you close your eyes and a song you hear though you shut your ears. It is not the 26)sap within the 27)furrowed 28)bark, nor a wing attached to a 29)claw, but rather a garden for ever in bloom and a flock of angels for ever in flight.
      Beauty is life when life 30)unveils her holy face.
      1) weaver  n. 编织者,织工
      2) aggrieved  a. 苦恼的,悲伤的  the aggrieved指苦恼的人,悲伤的人
      3) injured  a. 受伤的,受损害的 the injured指受伤的人,受损害的人
      4) glory  n. 荣誉,光荣
      5) passionate  a. 热情的  the passionate指充满热情的人
      6) might  n. 力量,威力
      7) dread  n. 惧怕,担心
      8) tempest  n. 暴风雨
      9) weary  a. 疲倦的  the weary指疲倦的人
      10) whispering  n. 耳语
      11) yield to 屈服于,屈从于
      12) faint  a. 微弱的,模糊的
      13) quiver  v. 颤抖
      14) in fear of 对……惧怕,担忧
      15) restless  a. 不能安静的   the restless指好动的人
      16) roaring  n. 咆哮,呼喊
      17) noon-time  n. 正午,白昼
      18) toiler  n. 辛劳者
      19) wayfarer  n. 旅人,徒步旅行者
      20) snow-bound  a. 被大雪困阻的  the snowbound指被大雪困阻的人
      21) reaper  n. 收割者
      22) ecstasy  n. 入迷
      23) thirsting  a. 口渴的
      24) enflame  v. 燃烧
      25) enchant  v. 施魔法,使迷惑
      26) sap  n. 树液
      27) furrowed  a. 有犁沟的,有皱纹的
      28) bark  n. 树皮
      29) claw  n. 爪
      30) unveil  v. 揭开,除去面纱
      Words, Wide Night
      Written by Carol Ann Duffy
      Somewhere on the other side of this wide night
      and the distance between us, I am thinking of you.
      1)The room is turning slowly away from the moon.
      This is pleasurable. Or shall I 2)cross that out and say
      it is sad? In one of the tenses I singing
      an impossible song of desire that you cannot hear.
      La lala la. See? I close my eyes and imagine
      the dark hills I would have to cross
      to reach you. For I am in love with you and this
      is what it is like or what it is like in words.
      Whispering Steppe
      Love is dear, love is rare
      Love is never where your eyes would stare
      Unexpectedly, even blindingly
      Love will show its face to you, no lie
      Fears 3)subside, clearly why
      Time has come for me to stand aside
      4)Unencumberedly, though 5)reluctantly
      Upon the 6)whispering 7)steppes I lie with pride
      It was the 8)cradle of my hopes now lies my resting grave
      The warmth of life has left me half-embraced
      For those who 9)rendered fears and pain
      I will surely pay with a smile you can't escape
      Free at last, from the past
      Time has come for me to greet the vast
      Unencumberedly, though reluctantly
      Upon the whispering steppes I lie
      1) The room is turning slowly away from the moon. 这句诗直译为“房间慢慢地从月亮旁移开”。而实际上,房间是不可能移动的,是月光的移动给人造成的一种错觉。诗人以简洁的语句描述出月光的这种动感。
      2) cross out: 抹掉,勾销
      3) subside  v. 衰退,沉淀
      4)	unencumberedly  adv. 无所畏惧地
      5)	reluctantly  adv. 犹豫地
      6)	whispering  a. 轻声细语的
      7)	steppe  n. 无树的大平原,大草原
      8)	cradle  n. 摇篮
      9)  render  v. 呈递
      scene 1
      Roxie Hart is a chorus girl with hopes of being a headliner in Vaudeville. Velma Kelly is a former headliner. They are both jailed as the murderesses.
      (Music: Five, six, seven, eight.)
      Roxie: Oh, Miss Kelly! Hey listen, can I ask you somethin’? You know that Harrison guy? Well, he said that what I've done is a hanging case and that he's prepared to ask for the 1)maximum 2)penalty.
      Kelly: Yeah? So?
      Roxie: So, I'm scared. (Nervous laugh) Sure would appreciate some advice, especially from someone I admire as much as you. See, since I can remember, I have wanted to be on the stage.
      Kelly: Really? What's your talent, washing and drying?
      Roxie: No. No, no. I, I dance in the 3)chorus.
      Kelly: Oh.
      Roxie: Well, that was before I met my husband, Amos...
      Kelly: Look honey, want some advice? Here it is, direct from me to you: 4)keep your paws off my underwear. OK?
      Roxie: Yeah, OK. Thanks... for nothing!
      Scene 2
      Kelly is 5)aloof to Roxie, though 6)Matron Morton offers Roxie an opportunity of representation by 7)slick Chicago lawyer Billy Flynn.
      Morton: She's something, ain't she? I tell ya, no matta how big she gets, she's still as common as ever. I'd like to help you... 8)dearie. 9)Take a load off. So, what do you figure on using for 10)grounds?
      Roxie: What grounds?
      Morton: What are you gonna tell a 11)jury?
      Roxie: I jus' figure I'd tell 'em the truth.
      Morton: The truth?
      Roxie: Yeah.
      Morton: That's a one-way ticket to the death house.
      Roxie: Holy Mother of God!
      Morton: Oh, relax. I mean, in this town, murder's a form of entertainment. Besides, in 47 years, Cook County ain't never hung a woman yet. So the 12)odds are 47 to 1 that they won't hang you.
      Roxie: Jesus, Mary and Joseph!
      Morton: You talkin’ to the wrong people. What you need is Billy Flynn.
      Roxie: Who?
      Morton: Billy Flynn. He's only the best criminal lawyer in all of Illinois. Telling ya, what he don't know about juries and women....
      Roxie: How do you get this Billy Flynn?
      Morton: Well, not by prayin’ dearie. First you give me a hundred dollars. Then I'll make a phone call.
      Roxie: A hundred dollars?! Will you just... I mean... seems pretty steep for a phone call.
      Morton: Oh, but he's worth every cent. I mean he's never lost a case for a female client yet. And with a sweet little 13)puss like you, as well... let's just say justice ain't so blind in Chicago.
      Roxie: He's never lost a case?
      Morton: Never! Every girl in this place would kill to have Billy Flynn represent 'em.
      (Music: We want Billy....)
      MC: Ladies and gentlemen, presenting the silver-tongued the prince of the 14)courtroom: the one, the only, BILLY FLYNN!
      Billy: (Sings) I don't care about expensive things. Cashmere coats, diamond rings, don't mean a thing. All I care about is love.
      Chorus: That's what he's here for.
      Billy: (Sings) I don't care for wearin’ silk 15)cravats. 16)Ruby 17)studs, 18)satin 19)spats, don't mean a thing. All I care about is love.
      Chorus: All he cares about is love.
      Billy: (Sings) Give me two eyes of blue, softly saying...
      Chorus: I need you!
      Billy: (Sings) Let me see her standin’ there, and, honest mister, I'm a millionaire!
      Scene 3
      Billy is more a showbiz PR agent than a legal lawyer and 20)manipulates the 21)tabloids into thinking Roxie is no more than an innocent "good time girl" who took the wrong path, than a scheming murderess.
      Billy: Alright. This is what we're gonna do. By the end of the week, I'm gonna have Roxie's name on the front page of every newspaper in town. "Sweetest Little Jazz Killer Ever Been in Chicago"--- that's the angle I'm after. We make an announcement, we're gonna have an 22)auction. Tell 'em we gotta raise some money for the defense. They'll buy everything she's ever touched---everything: your shoes, your dresses, your perfume, your underwear.
      Roxie: 23)Victrola records, like the one I was playing when I shot the bastard.
      Billy: I didn't hear that.
      Roxie: Not that I didn't have grounds, mind you. Hey, what are they?
      Billy: That's for when we go to trial. Look, nobody, NOBODY's gonna care a lick what your defense is unless they care about you. So the first thing we gotta do is work up some sympathy from the press. And they're not all 24)pushovers like Mary Sunshine. But, there's one thing that they can never resist, and that is, a reformed sinner. Alright, so tell me, who was your favorite subject in school?
      Roxie: Thaowfth! That was a real dull ...
      Billy: Now, come on, there musta' been something you're really good at.
      Roxie: Oh, I got high marks in 25)courtesy and, ahh, 26)hygiene.
      Billy: Perfect. You wanted to be a 27)nun.
      Roxie: (Laughter) A nun?!
      Billy: Where were you born?
      Roxie: On a chicken farm outside of Lubbock.
      Billy: Beautiful southern home filled with every luxury and 28)refinement. Were your parents home?
      Roxie: Probably on the front porch in their rocking chairs.
      Billy: Parents dead! Family fortune swept away! You were educated at the Sacred Heart...
      Roxie: (Laughter)
      Billy: ...then you fell into a 29)runaway marriage--left you miserable, alone, unhappy. And of course, you got all swept up in the mad world of the city - jazz, 30)cabarets, liquor. You were drawn, like a moth to the flame.
      Roxie: A moth...
      Billy: An’ now the mad world has ceased, and you are a butterfly, 31)crushed on the wheel....
      Roxie: Doh! Which is it? Is it the moth or the butterfly?
      Billy: You have sinned! And you're sorry!
      Roxie: God, that's beautiful!
      Billy: Cut out "God". Stay where you're better 32)acquainted.
      (At the Press Conference.)
      Billy: Ladies and gentlemen, Miss Sunshine: My client has just entered a plea of not guilty. We look forward to a trial at the earliest possible date. Now, are there any questions? (The press shout questions.) Miss Sunshine.
      Sunshine: As you know, my paper is dry. Do you have any advice for young girls seeking to avoid a life of jazz and drink?
      Billy: Absolutely. Yes, Mrs. Hart feels that it was the tragic combination of liquor and jazz which led to her 33)downfall. Next question please....
      Roxie: Ladies and gentlemen. I would just like to say how flattered I am that y'all came to see me.
      Billy: Mrs. Hart is very pleased...
      Roxie: Ya see, I was a moth, crushed on the wheel, you know, a butterfly, drawn to the... to the ... (sigh). I bet you want to know why I shot the bastard.
      Billy: Shut up, dummy.
      MC: Mr. Billy Flynn and the press conference 34)rag! Notice how his mouth never moves... almost.
      (Billy decides for Roxie what to answer the press.)
      Press 1: Where'd ya come from?
      Billy: Mississippi.
      Press 2: And your parents?
      Billy: Very wealthy.
      Press 3: Where are they now?
      Billy: Six feet under, but she was granted one more start: the 35)convent of the Sacred Heart.
      Press 4: When'd ya get here?
      Billy: Nineteen twenty.
      Press 5: How old were you?
      Billy: Don't remember.
      Press 6: Then what happened?
      Billy: I met Amos and he stole my heart away; convinced me to elope one day...
      Sunshine: Understandable. Understandable.
      S & Billy: Yes, it's perfectly understandable. Comprehensible. Comprehensible. Not a bit reprehensible. It's so 36)defensible.
      Scene 4
      The tabloids go crazy for the new girl on the cellblock, and Roxie finally becomes a star.
      Newsman: Move over, 37)Al Capone. The Windy City has taken a new criminal to its heart. The name on everybody's lips is Roxie Hart, the sweetest little lady ever accused of murder in Chicago. Women wanna look like her. Fellas wanna go out with her. Some little girls even wanna take her home. Don't get any ideas, little lady. On the other side of town, the Assistant D.A. promises the keen little sharpshooter will swing before the year is out.
      D.A.: She'll swing before the year is out.
      Newsman: Who knows? If he lives up to his word, Assistant D.A. Harrison might become Governor Harrison some day. Back at the scene of the crime, everybody wants a little piece of Roxie Hart. This jar of cold cream set her husband back twenty dollars! Maybe this pretty little lady will get some of that famous "Roxie Style". It seems everybody, these days, is rooting for, Roxie Hart.
      Scene 5
      Being set innocent, Roxie is soon forgotten by the press. To bring back the press’ attention, she allies with her old competitor Kelly Velma.
      Kelly: You know, you're really pretty good.
      Roxie: Yeah, that and a dime. What're you doin' here?
      Kelly: I heard you've been er, makin’ the rounds.
      Roxie: Yeah, well if it was up to you, I'd be swinging by now.
      Kelly: Come on. I always knew Billy'd get you off. You should learn how ta put things behind ya.
      Roxie: Oh, thank you. I'll put that at the top of my list right after finding a job and an apartment with a john.
      Kelly: Just shut up and listen to me!
      Roxie: You really are somethin’ comin’ in here like... like some goddamn queen bee all full of advice for a poor slob like me. Well let me tell you somethin’ Miss Velma Kelly. I got a new life now, and one of the best things about it is, it don't include you!
      Kelly: Fine. I just thought we could help each other out.
      Roxie: Well, you thought wrong, didn't ya?
      Kelly: Hello, look. Listen to me, I talked to this guy downtown. He said one jazz killer's nothing these days... But two... We can make a couple a hundred a week. Think about it, Roxie. Our faces back in the papers, our names on the 38)marquee, "Velma Kelly and Roxie Hart"
      Roxie: Shouldn't it be 39)alphabetical?
      Kelly: That could work...couple a hundred. Maybe we could ask for a thou? We're worth it.
      Roxie: (Hesitates) Forget it. It'd never work.
      Kelly: Why not?!
      Roxie: 'Cause I hate you!
      Kelly: (Challenges Roxie) There's only one business in the world where that's no problem at all.
      (In the last scene, the two finally get what they both want: freedom and fame.)
      莫顿: 你跟陪审团怎么说?
      莫顿: 噢,他可是物有所值。他为女客户打官司还从没败过一次。至于你这样的甜姐儿嘛……芝加哥的正义是不会瞎了眼的。
      洛茜: 他从没打败过一次官司?
      莫顿: 没有!这里面的每个女孩都不惜一切地想找他当代理。
      合唱: 那正是他在这里的原因。
      比利: 九泉之下,但她得到一个新的转机:去圣心修道院进修。
      记者4: 你是什么时候去的?
      比利: 我就遇到阿莫斯,他偷去了我的心,说服我和他一起私奔……
      珊赛: 事情是可以理解的,可以理解的。
      律师助理: 她在年前一定会给绞死。
      新闻报道: 谁知道?如果哈里森律师助理说话算数的话,他将来就有可能成为哈里森州长。回到犯罪现场,人人都想要洛茜·哈特的一点东西。这个冷霜瓶就让她丈夫赚了20美金!说不定娇小可爱的洛茜·哈特还会引领一阵时尚热潮。这段时间,看来人人都对洛茜·哈特着了魔。
      1) maximum  n. 最大量
      2) penalty  n. 罚款,处罚
      3) chorus  n. 合唱歌舞队
      4) keep off 离开,不碰
      5) aloof  a. 冷淡的
      6) matron  n. 女舍监,女总管
      7) slick  a. 聪明的
      8) dearie  n. 可爱的小宝贝
      9) take a load off 排除困难,压力
      10) grounds  n. 理由,根据
      11) jury  n. 陪审团,陪审员
      12) odds  n. 可能的机会,成败的可能性
      13) puss  n. 少女
      14) courtroom  n. 法庭
      15) cravat  n. 领结,领巾
      16) ruby  n. 红宝石
      17) stud  n. 纽扣
      18) satin  a. 缎子的
      19) spat  n. 鞋罩
      20) manipulate  v. 操控
      21) tabloid  n. 小报
      22) auction  n. 拍卖
      23) Victrola  n. 手摇电唱机的牌子
      24) pushover  n. 容易打败的对手
      25) courtesy  n. 礼节
      26) hygiene  n. 卫生学
      27) nun  n. 修女
      28) refinement  n. 精致
      29) runaway  n. 逃跑
      30) cabaret  n. 歌舞表演
      31) crush  v. 压碾
      32) acquainted  a. 明白的,通晓的
      33) downfall  n. 衰败,垮台
      34) rag  n. 喧闹
      35) convent  n. 女修道院
      36) defensible  a. 可辩护的
      37) Al Capone是芝加哥历史上臭名昭著的一大罪犯
      38) marquee  n. 大帐幕,大帐篷
      39) alphabetical  a. 按字母顺序的
      Chicago Trivia
      Rob Marshall (Chicago Director): It's really about fame and 1)celebrity and about how we, as a culture or as an audience, applaud and celebrate people for not necessarily the right reasons. The concept that we used was, Roxie was the dreamer, Roxie is the dreamer in the movie. She's the 2)wannabe, she wants desperately to be on stage, so she sees her life through musical 3)sequences. And we're constantly 4)cutting back between the story and the reality of the story and these musical sequences, so they become one 5)linear story as we're jumping back and forth between the two realities. And that's, it was embracing the fact that all these numbers took place on stage, instead of trying to sort of 6)disguise that or change that, that made the whole piece fly.
      Richard Gere ("Billy Flynn"): She sees me as a... I'm introduced to her as a protector. I'm the one who can get you off. So she has this kind of vision of me as this guy who's kind of a... of a 7)Lancelot character, just goes around helping women in 8)distress, which is, once you see the movie, is very far from....
      Catherine Zeta-Jones ("Velma Kelly"): She's a wannabe who thinks she's made it. She's a star in her mind. And she goes to... she goes to jail and through the, you know, the different characters that she meets where she's on top at one point and then she's down in the gutter, and she builds herself back up as this kind of survival, and an "I will survive" element of it all. And, but she's just so hungry for it, she thinks she has it and she never wants to let it go. I love, I've loved working with Renee so much. I think, I think she just, she just, I keep saying to her it's like she's been plucked out of a black and white photograph of the time, but it's 9)Technicolor. She's, she did a 10)phenomenal job on this. And we, it's great that she's a great person to work off and work with. You have a lot of fun, catty, catty fun together.
      Renee Zellweger ("Roxie Hart"): She's so 11)covetous of the idea of acquiring fame because of what she thinks it represents and what she believes it will bring self-esteem, self-respect, self-worth, love... all the things that she doesn't have a lot of. And she's sure; sure, sure that if she is 12)lionized in that way by the masses, in the way that Velma Kelly is, she has that thing that she'll be more whole as a person.
      理查·基尔(“比利·弗林”)∶ 她(洛茜)把我看成是……我是以保护者身份介绍给她认识的。在片中我很能替人脱罪。所以她就把我看作是,有点像兰斯洛特那种人,总是到处英雄救美,看了这片子,你会觉得超乎想象……
      1) celebrity  n. 名人,名声
      2) wannabe  n. 赶超崇拜者的人
      3) sequence  n. 次序,顺序
      4) cut back 电影倒叙
      5) linear  a. 线状的
      6) disguise  n. 伪装,掩饰
      7) Lancelot  n. 兰斯洛特,是亚瑟王圆桌武士中的第一位勇士。
      8) distress  n. 不幸,贫困
      9) Technicolor  n. (电影)染印法彩色
      10) phenomenal  a. 显著的
      11) covetous  a. 贪婪的,妄羡的
      12) lionize  v. 把……奉为名人
      Me and Writing
      This was the summer that I think I became a writer. I was thirteen years old. I wore steel-rimmed glasses and I was a very 1)solemn boy. Not that I was sad, but I simply was paying attention. I'd been given a typewriter by my Uncle George, when he got an electric. He gave me his old Underwood typewriter and I set it up in the 2)basement. I had a secret place under the stairs behind a 3)stack of sheet rock. I sat in there and wrote where my parents could not see me because they were worried, you know, that I didn't go outside. And they believed in the 4)illusion of a balanced life, you know, you do a little bit of this, you do a little bit of that. I just wanted to do one thing. I just wanted to find things to write about.
      I liked to write about 5)tornadoes: Tornadoes, which come out of a peaceful summer day in the Midwest. And the sky's blue and then suddenly it's dark as night and this great snake-like cloud comes slithering across the 6)landscape, 7)smashing houses at random, destroying this one, leaving this standing. I liked that idea.
      I wrote a story, a sort of 8)autobiographical story, about a family from New York, a microbiologist and his actress wife, and their son, who looked, and walked, and talked, and thought, and felt exactly like me. I sat in the 9)backseat and they were driving across the Midwest, and they forgot me... at a gas station. We stopped for a rest stop... and they forgot me, and they drove away. I walked up the road that they had driven and suddenly the sky turned dark and... a tornado came up and it picked me up and it carried me and dropped me, uninjured, in the yard of a 10)sanctified 11)Brethren family. I knocked on the door and a woman in a white 12)satin gown holding a flaming 13)torch came out and asked me what I wanted. And I was going to tell them that I had to leave to look for my parents and then the dog spoke to me. The dog said, "Stay." So, I stayed. But still, I missed the life of 14)glamour that I had known on New York's 15)exclusive Upper West Side. I love to write stories like that.
      I sat there at my Underwood typewriter, but I wished that something real would happen.
      That was the summer that my cousin, Helen-Marie, came to stay with us suddenly. She was seventeen. She was four years older than I and I'd always admired her. She was lovelier than the rest of us. The rest of us had our family's looks; we had 16)homely faces and she was pretty. She had 17)blonde hair, a rarity in our family.
      Then I wrote a story about her; about a girl who is cooking lunch at home one day and a woman in a white satin dress holding a flaming torch bursts in through the door, and it startles the girl so much that she drops the 18)cast iron skillet on her dog and the dog bites her and she gets an 19)incurable blood disease from this. Doctors give her two weeks to live, and then, on top of everything, a tornado comes in and it blows the roof off the house and it 20)impales four blades of grass in her side. And there's something on that grass that cures that blood disease. Medical science has never seen anything like it. She's cured. She comes home. And that night the dog 21)scratches on her door, and the dog says, "Aren't you curious to know what it was on the grass that cured that blood disease?" I sort of liked the story.
      我写了一个故事,自传式的故事,说的是一个纽约家庭,家里有一个微生物学家,当演员的妻子,还有他们的儿子--那孩子的模样和走路、说话、思考的方式简直跟我一样。我坐在汽车的后座,他们开车穿越中西部,后来他们把我忘在了一个加油站。我们停车休息,然后他们就把我给落下了,开车走了。我沿着他们车驶去的方向走着,突然间,天空暗了下来, 龙卷风大作,风卷起我吹啊吹,毫发不伤地把我扔在一个圣教徒家的后院里。我敲敲门,一个身穿白色缎袍的女人举着一把熊熊的火炬,走出来问我想干什么。我正想说我想去找我的爸妈,一条狗冲着我说话了:“留下来吧。”于是,我就留下了。但是,我还是很怀念在纽约高尚住宅区的好日子。我就喜欢写这样的故事。
      1) solemn  a. 严肃的
      2) basement  n. 地下室
      3) stack  n. 堆,叠,书架
      4) illusion  n. 幻想
      5) tornado  n. 龙卷风,旋风
      6) landscape  n. 风景,地形
      7) smash  v. 打碎,粉碎
      8) autobiographical  a. 自传体的
      9) backseat  n. 后座
      10) sanctified  a. 神圣化的
      11) Brethren  n. 同胞,兄弟
      12) satin  n. 绸缎
      13) torch  n. 火炬
      14) glamour  n. 魅力,魔力
      15) exclusive  a 唯一的,高级的
      16) homely  a. 不好看的
      17) blonde  a. 金发的
      18) cast iron  n. 铸铁
      19) incurable  a. 不能治愈的
      20) impale  v. 刺穿
      21) scratch  v. 刮,擦
      My Friend, Sherlock Holmes
      Thank you. It's a great 1)privilege to be invited to address such an 2)august body. I only wish that Holmes could be here too, but, as you may know, he has now retired to the country to study the art of 3)apiary - 4)beekeeping, as it's more commonly known. Now, my memory has never been entirely reliable but I will do my best to answer the question, which I think is on everybody's lips, "What was he like to know?" Sherlock Holmes.
      Well, of course, we have the case histories. Holmes, very kindly, allowed me to retell our adventures in a series of late 5)Victorian 6)publications, of which Strand Magazine in London and Colliers in the United States of America, are the best known.
      We lived, of course, in Baker Street, in west London. Ahh, happy days. Two twenty-one B was the 7)epitome of a comfortable late Victorian residence, and around him, Holmes kept those items essential to his profession and to our relaxation.
      He recognized his amazing powers of 8)deduction when he pointed out that I had just returned from Afghanistan. How did he know? Well, he explained later: I'd been introduced to him as a doctor, but I also had the air of a military man. My skin was 9)tanned, but my face was 10)haggard, clearly the result of a 11)tropical disease. He also noticed that I carried my left arm in an unnatural manner, which he deduced, quite correctly, was the result of a recent injury.  Afghanistan, he concluded was the only place in the tropics where an English army doctor at that time could recently have sustained such an injury. 12)Elementary!
      And he, himself, was most interested in the origins of his own ability. In The Greek Interpreter, for example, he attributed it to heredity on the grounds that his brother, Mycroft, 13)possessed it to an even greater degree than he did. In A Study in Scarlet, on the other hand, he refers to "Long habit", which, he said, enabled him to reach his 14)lightning conclusions. In acknowledging the roles both of inherited and 15)acquired learning, he was well ahead of today's research into the origins of intelligence.
      No biography of Holmes would be complete without an examination of his greatest triumph, in The Hound of the Baskervilles. My friends, his life was packed full of adventure and 16)intrigue and it has been my pleasure to act as his 17)Boswell.
      我的朋友 歇洛克·福尔摩斯
      非常感谢。能给各位德高望重的人士讲话,我倍感荣幸。我十分希望福尔摩斯本人也能到场,可是大家也知道,他正在乡下隐居研究养蜂术。我的记忆并不完全牢靠,但我会竭尽所能吐露一切所知,而我想,人人最想问的一个问题就是:“他了解的有多少?” 歇洛克·福尔摩斯。
      1) privilege  n. 特权,特别待遇
      2) august  a. 威严的
      3) apiary  n. 养蜂房,养蜂场
      4) beekeeping  n. 养蜂
      5) Victorian  a. 维多利亚女王时代的
      6) publication  n. 出版物
      7) epitome  n. 典型
      8) deduction  n. 演绎,推论
      9) tan  v. 晒黑
      10) haggard  a. 形容憔悴的
      11) tropical  a. 热带的
      12) elementary  a. 简单的,基本的
      13) possess  v. 拥有,占有
      14) lightning  a. 闪电的
      15) acquired  a. 已成习惯的,后天通过自己的努力得到的
      16) intrigue  n. 阴谋,诡计
      17) Boswell  n. 为密友写传记的人
      Musician 1: I think she is 1)chameleon like. I think she has the ability to absorb what's going on around her and make it her own and learn about it and then use it to advance to the next 2)phase of her career.
      Musician 2: At certain points in your career, you need different kinds of influences to move to the next level. I think she is smart about what she wants to do, what step she wants to take and the kind of people she needs to surround herself with, people that know what they’re doing in that particular field and she learned from them. And then if it makes sense for what she is trying to do then it works for her.
      Musician 3: I think it’s determination and 3)naked ambition. You know, she has a drive and she stays focused until she achieves it. Whether it’s 4)commercially successful or not, you know, she will see it through if it’s her 5)vision.
      Fan 1: I like the way she acts because I think all women should be able to act like they want, without been 6)run down by men at all.
      Fan 2: Like Marilyn Monroe again, except a much harder Marilyn Monroe.
      Maripol (Stylist): What would be more perfect than to have a girl called, Madonna, coming to me to get some my design and having her wear the crosses on her ears and her heart, around her neck and peace sign? Because there was an element of a little political messages to my drawing. I had tons of letters from these young kids. They would call me “Madonna jewelry designer” and if anything, I was like “excuse me, I am not Madonna’s exclusive jewelry designer.” But they were so naive, kids from all over the world would send me letter “I want this cross,” ”I want this,” and the cross was a symbol of rebellion, the fact that you put it in your ears. But it was also perfect. She is Madonna and she wears crosses. All of a sudden she didn’t need all that and out of the window. So that did hurt me because a department store, right when my merchandising line was ready to go into the stores, was...caput this never went nowhere.
      And every time Madonna makes another image change, her fans have to play catch up with their hard earned cash. Patrick, Thomas, Jennifer, and Jonathan have 7)collectively spent $20,000 on Madonna merchandise.
      Journalist: You’re all loyal fans, does Madonna love you enough because she is fleecing you at the same time she is taking all your money, do you feel bad about that?
      Jonathan: I don’t feel like she is fleecing us. She’s been a contribution to our lives as far as bringing different points of view, and different artistry and music into our lives and I think that’s a blessing, if anything.
      Thomas: I feel that she gives us really all that she can, I mean, she is always making more albums for us to listen to, more and more videos.
      Journalist: Albums to buy as well. You’re not just getting them for free, are you?
      Jennifer: We used to do performances at a club out in Long Island. And it was a matter of time before we had a bunch of young girls dressing like her. We had to kind of push it along a little bit, you know, “$20 here,” “$30 here,” “why don’t you go get a dress like that?” “why don’t you...” You know, we started it just like Brian Epstein paid people to scream for the Beatles, I mean, we began to get a following and to have girls 8)emulate her.
      Patrick: Any artist is taking their likeness and putting it on a T-shirt, or on a cap and selling it. She doesn’t get all the money, she gets a small percentage of it but there is nothing wrong in that.
      Jonathan: I don’t think her whole motivation is being rich, I think it’s just a by-product of what she has become. I think what it is, is that she enjoys performing. When somebody enjoys what they do, they are gonna excel, they are gonna succeed, they are gonna do stuff, they are going to reach that plateau. That’s the way I see it, so everything else is just a part of life.
      Camille (Madonna’s first manager): Right before the final break up, she came to me and said that “You’re a bitch and I am a bitch, however, we do work very well together, let’s try and make this work out.” In 9)hindsight I know I should have said “sure, yeah”, you know that was it, but I discovered her, I developed her and I basically wanted to manage her.
      Burt (Madonna’s second manager): I never spoke to her since July 1996. Never spoke to her. I got a call from her secretary. And her secretary told me, “Burt, I have to tell you bad news. ”Oh,” I said, “Can I talk to her?” So she said, “Well, you know Madonna, she doesn’t like to talk about these things.” Which is the truth. She doesn’t like to say goodbyes.
      Vinne (Madonna’s friend): You see, if you are not pulling your weight, you are out. Gone. That’s not a control 10)freak, that’s just a sensible person. Someone who has got their marbles in the right places. Because she is up there and done so well, she doesn’t want to risk, ever, slipping down a little bit, that’s why she works so hard, you know?
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